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Deciduous Trees and Shrubs

Deciduous Trees and Shrubs. Large trees. Maples( Acer) Sugar Maple Silver Maple Red Maple. Maples: Red and Sugar. Sugar maple (Acer saccharum), sometimes called hard maple or rock maple, is one of the largest and more important of the hardwoods.

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Deciduous Trees and Shrubs

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  1. Deciduous Trees and Shrubs

  2. Large trees Maples( Acer) Sugar Maple Silver Maple Red Maple

  3. Maples: Red and Sugar • Sugar maple (Acer saccharum), sometimes called hard maple or rock maple, is one of the largest and more important of the hardwoods. • Sugar maple is 6 percent of the hardwood sawtimber volume in the United States. • 40-80 feet tall, golden fall color, rounded Crown. • Used for maple syrup, saw timber and firewood • Good as a large landscape tree but not a good street tree • Red Maple can take wetter conditions, smaller in size, brilliant red and orange fall colors.

  4. (Celtis occidentalis) • Common Hackberry • A medium-sized tree native to North Dakota. • A good replacement tree for the American Elm because of its similar form and adaptability • . Gray, unique stucco-like bark. • The largest tree in North Dakota is 70 feet tall witha canopy spread of 62 feet.

  5. White Ash

  6. White Ash • Fraxinus americana L. • Oleaceae -- Olive family • White ash (Fraxinus americana), also called Biltmore ash or Biltmore white ash, is the most common and useful native ash but is never a dominant species in the forest. It grows best on rich, moist, well-drained soils to medium size. Because white ash wood is tough, strong, and highly resistant to shock, it is particularly sought for handles, oars, and baseball bats. The winged seeds provide food for many kinds of birds.

  7. Honeylocust Gleditsia triacanthos

  8. Honey Locust • Gleditsia • A fast-growing tree with fragrant spring flowers. Its delicate, open silhouette lets grass grow underneath. • Tiny leaflets turn yellow or yellow-green in fall. • Pollution, salt and drought tolerant. • Adapts to a wide range of soils. Prefers full sun. • Grows to 30' to 70', 50' spread

  9. Populus deltoides , Cottonwood

  10. Populus deltoides Eastern Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar Salicaceae • native to eastern North America • hardy to zone 2 • wide spreading pyramidal in youth open, oval, irregular crown 80' to 100' tall 40' to 60' wide • coarse texture fast growth rate • Wind pollinated, dropping seeds cotton-like

  11. Oak, Quercus

  12. Oak, Quercus • A very large tree; when open grown, white oaks have rugged, irregular crowns that are wide spreading, with a stocky bole. • In the forest crowns are upright and oval with trees reaching up to 100 feet tall and several feet in diameter.  • Do not prune in spring, as they are susceptible to Oak wilt

  13. American Elm

  14. American Elm • native to eastern North America, from Florida to Newfoundland • zone 3 • generally found in wetlands • vase-shaped (most common) • 60' to 90' tall • Dutch Elm disease a problem, some resistant crosses available

  15. Medium sized trees Acer platanoides, Norway Maple

  16. Acer platanoides, Norway Maple • Commonly planted in Duluth • Can be a weed, has a thick crown that kills grass underneath • May be outlawed

  17. Red Maple

  18. Aesculus glabra, Ohio Buckeye

  19. Ohio Buckeye • Up to 50 feet tall, but usually shorter in MN • Yellow showy flowers in spring • Planted is several spots on campus

  20. Paper Birch Betula papyrifera

  21. Paper Birch, Betula papyrifera • Medium sized, single or multiple stemmed tree. In forests a slender trunk with a narrow crown, but in openings a wider crown spreading out from near the base. Multiple-stemmed trees are relatively common. • Height at maturity 70'-80' and 10"-12" in diameter, sometimes to 30". • Short-lived. Height growth ceases at about 60-70 years of age; few live more than 140 years. • Shallow-rooted: few roots deeper than 24" below the soil surface. • Bark reddish-brown on saplings; on mature trees thin, white, and smooth, often separating into papery strips, and easily peeled off in sheets.

  22. Catalpa speciosa • Northern Catalpa

  23. Ginkgo biloba, Ginkgo Deciduous hardy gymnosperm. Can grow through zone 4 possibly protected places in zone 3. plant males taller than 5 feet.

  24. Butternut, Juglans cinaria

  25. Sorbus aucuparia Mountain Ash, Rowan

  26. Tilia cordata, Little-leaf linden

  27. Small Trees Hawthorn, Crataegus

  28. Prunus americana American plum

  29. Salix pentandra, Laurel willow

  30. Japanese tree lilac

  31. Shrubs 8 to12 feet Amelanchier Juneberry Serviceberry

  32. Caragana, Siberian Pea shrub

  33. Cornus alternifolia, Pagota Dogwood

  34. Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhinia

  35. Lilac, Syringa vulgaris

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