Facts about Scotland • Area: 78,133 square kilometres • Population: 5,200,000 inhabitants • Capital: Edinburgh • Major cities: Glasgow, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Dundee • Currency: Pound Sterling • Highest point: Ben Nevis (1,343 metres) • Longest river: The Tay ( 188 km) • Largest lake: Loch Lomond (56 sq km) • National Day: 30 November, St. Andrew’s Day • National flower: the thistle
At 4406ft or 1344m, Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in the country. It's probably also the most popular and the most dangerous.
The Central Lowlands • The Central Lowlands are south of the Highlands. • Nearly 90% of the population live in the Lowlands. • Major cities are Glasgow and Edinburgh. Glasgow District Tartan Edinburgh District Tartan Edinburgh Castle
Language • Today all Scots speak, read and write English. • But Scottish English is a little different than the English that is spoken in the rest of Britain. • Long time ago people in the Lowlands spoke Scots and people in the Highlands spoke Gaelic. • Today most people use a mix of Scots and English in daily speech. Scottish Words wee [wi:] = small [smɔ:l] lass [læs] = girl [gз:l] lad [læd] = boy [bɔı] hus [hu:s] = house [haʊs] brun [bru:n] = brown [braʊn] aye [aı] = yes [jes] kirk [kз:k] = church [tʃз:tʃ] loch [lµχ] = lake [leık] ken [ken] = know [nəʊ] bairn [beən] = child [tʃaıld] Which words sound a bit like Norwegian?
The Loch Ness Monster • An old legend says that a sea monster lives in Loch Ness. • Every year thousands of tourists travel to Scotland’s most famous lake in hope of spotting “The Lady of the Lake”. • In 1987 the whole lake was searched with sonar. The scientists found something that appeared to be bigger than a shark, but smaller than a whale. They checked for signals a second time, but didn’t find anything. Why didn’t they find her? • Perhaps it is because Loch Ness is very deep and dark. • There are some photos which show something that looks like a monster. • In 1934, someone took this picture. Do you think it’s real?
Typically Scottish Haggis is Scotland’s national dish. It’s made of lamb’s liver, suet (nyretalg), oats, stock, onions and spices. It is cooked inside a sheep’s stomach.
Typically Scottish…Piping • The Bagpipe is the national instrument of Scotland. • Piping is a very important part of Scottish culture. • A long time ago the English tried to destroy Scottish culture. So, they decided that it was illegal (ulovlig) to play the bagpipe and to wear tartans (rutemønstret / skotskrutet stoff).
Typically Scottish…Kilts • The Scottish national costume for men is the kilt. • Each clan (storfamilie, klan) has its own tartan. • When you look at a man’s kilt you can tell which clan he belongs to. • Men wear kilts mostly for formal events.
St Andrew’s Day • St Andrew the Apostle is the patron saint of Scotland. • St Andrew’s Day is usually celebrated with traditional food, dancing and music – especially bagpipes. • St Andrew’s Day Kids St Andrew’s Day Kids