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Patient Assessment

Patient Assessment

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Patient Assessment

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  1. Patient Assessment

  2. Physical Exam • Take the Temperature, Respiratory Rate and Heart Rate of the patient. • Normal Ranges in Bovine: Temp: 36.7 -39.1⁰C (beef) 38-39.3⁰C (dairy) Resp: 26-50 breaths per min HR:48-84 beats per min

  3. BCS • Dehydration status • Mentation- BAR? • Evaluate the mucus membranes- CRT, moisture, colour.

  4. Examination of Eye • Observe conformation of entire eye and orbit • Look for signs of abnormal discharge • Eye movement • Position of eyeball in orbit • Intraocular pressure and prominence of eyes

  5. Examination of Eye • Inspection of: • Sclera • Conjunctiva • Cornea • Upper and Lower Eyelids • Third Eyelid • Internal Structures: Iris, Pupil, anterior chamber and lens.

  6. Eye Exam Ocular Reflexes: • PLR • Fixation Reflex • Palpebral Reflex • Menace Reflex • Corneal Reflex