HispanicChurch Start / Planting Southern Baptist Theological Seminary North American Mission Board
Overview • Conference Description • Introduction • Hispanic USA • Hispanic USA – Lostness • Vision & Hispanic Missional Centers • Strategy / Implementation
Conference Description • This conference will help you understand the Hispanics in the United States and lead you on how to go about reaching Hispanics in your area and starting / planting a church among them.
Introduction • Opportunities for evangelism and church planting in North America is in the area of Hispanic ministries. • Southern Baptist witness to Hispanics dates to the latter 19th Century.
Introduction • The explosive growth of the Hispanic community poses an enormous challenge. • Hispanics are now more receptive to the gospel than they have ever been in the history of this country.
Introduction • It is imperative to grasp the understanding of the diversity of the Hispanic Community • its spirituality, • religiosity, and • cultural distinctive
Introduction • The church needs to answer questions such as: • Who is Hispanic? • What are Hispanics like collectively? • How diverse is this population? • How can the church, association and state conventions develop the strategies that will reach Hispanics?
So What’s in a Label? • Who Is Hispanic? • Webster’s Tenth New Colligate Dictionary traces the origin of the word Hispanic to Spain’s Hispania Iberian peninsula and defines as Hispanic any person “of Latin American descent living in the United States, especially one of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin.”
So What’s in a Label? • In 1990, the Census Bureau used a more comprehensive definition. The Bureau included as Hispanic persons in the categories Spanish, Spaniard, Mexican American, Chicano, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and “other”.
So What’s in a Label? • “Latino” or “Hispanic”? • Many times these two terms are used interchangeably. • Today, Latino tends to be preferred by Hispanic consumers in some areas. • Most of the time when we refer to a particular Hispanic group, the name of the country of origin is used.
So What’s in a Label? • “Latino” or “Hispanic”? • The majority of time, when the term Latino is used, it is used to identify the peoples of Latin American, regardless of race. • Presently there is no consensus with the Hispanic community as to how to refer to its members collectively. • The term Hispanic is neither offensive nor preferable.
So What’s in a Label? • “Latino” or “Hispanic”? • Foreign-born persons overwhelmingly identified themselves with their country of origin. • The pattern of identification among the U.S. native-born seemed to have a stronger preference or Pan-ethnic labels, such as Latino or Hispanic.
23 Hispanic Categories Caribbean: Cuban Dominican Republic Puerto Rican Central American: Costa Rican Guatemalan Honduran Nicaraguan Panamanian Salvadoran North American: Hispanic American Mexican South American: Argentinean Bolivian Chilean Colombian Ecuadorian Paraguayan Peruvian Uruguayan Venezuelan Other Hispanic: Spaniard Mauritanian Belize
U.S Census Data City or County Planning Commissions School Boards Public Utilities Local Universities Lending Institutions Chambers of Commerce Radio Stations Public Libraries Real Estate Firms Newspapers Commercial Geodemographics Where Do I Find Information?
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Population 44+ millionThe estimated Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2006, making people of Hispanic origin the nation’s largest race or ethnic minority. Hispanics constitute almost 15 percent of the nation’s total population. (This estimate does not include the 3.9 million residents of Puerto Rico.)
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Population • 102.6 millionThe projected Hispanic population of the United States as of July 1, 2050. According to this projection, Hispanics would constitute 24 percent of the nation’s total population on that date.
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Population • Nearly 67 million The number of people of Hispanic origin who would have been added to the nation’s population between 2000 and 2050, according to this projection. The projected percentage increase — 188 percent — would amount to a near tripling.
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Population • 50% The percentage of the Hispanic-origin population that lives in California and Texas. California is home to 11.9 million Hispanics and Texas to 7.3 million. More than 3-in-4 Hispanics live in seven states, which have Hispanic populations of 1 million or more. They are California, Texas, New York, Florida, Illinois, Arizona and New Jersey.
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Population • 43%The proportion of New Mexico’s population that is Hispanic, highest of any state. California and Texas are next, at 34 percent each.
Where are the Ethnic Groups Concentrated at Century End Hispanic Population
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Families • 8.5 millionThe number of Hispanic families who reside in the United States. Of these families, 63 percent include their own children under 18 years old. • 68%The percentage of Hispanic families consisting of a married couple.
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Families • 44%The percentage of Hispanic families consisting of a married couple with children under 18.
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Spanish Language • 29 millionThe number of U.S. residents age 5 and older who speak Spanish at home. Spanish speakers constitute a ratio of more than 1-in-10 U.S. residents. Among all those who speak Spanish at home, more than one-half say they speak English “very well. • 200+ Dialects
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Coming to America • 9.9 millionThe number of foreign-born people in 2002 who were born in Mexico, by far more than any other Latin American country or any other country in the world for that matter. Other Latin American countries of origin with more than half a million foreign-born were Cuba (887,000), El Salvador (873,000), the Dominican Republic (654,000), Colombia (566,000) and Guatemala (511,000). Overall, there are 17.3 million foreign-born people from Latin American countries.
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Income and Poverty • $33,103The real median income of Hispanic households in 2002, down 2.9 percent from the previous year. • 21.8%The poverty rate among Hispanics in 2002, unchanged from 2001.
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Education • 57%The percentage of Hispanics 25 and over who had at least a high school education in 2003, up from 53 percent a decade earlier. • 11% The percentage of the Hispanic population 25 and over with a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2003, up from 9 percent a decade earlier. Native residents of Hispanic origin had much higher high-school completion rates (74 percent) and college completion rates (14 percent) in 2003 than their foreign-born counterparts (45 percent and 10 percent, respectively).
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Education • 2.6 millionThe number of Hispanics 18 and over who have at least a bachelor’s degree. This is more than double the number in 1990 (1.1 million).
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Jobs • 36,200The number of Hispanic physicians and surgeons. Latinos are represented in a wide variety of occupations. For instance, there are about 51,400 Hispanic postsecondary teachers; 34,700 chief executives of businesses; 28,600 lawyers; 5,400 news analysts, reporters and correspondents; and 650 legislators.
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Jobs • 22%The percentage of Hispanics who work in service occupations. Another 21 percent work as operators and laborers and 14 percent in managerial and professional occupations. The percentages of Hispanics working in service occupations as operators and laborers were not statistically different.
A Demographic Profile of Hispanic USA • Proud to Serve • 1.1 million The number of Latino veterans of the U.S. armed forces. About 63,000 Hispanic-origin people were on active duty in 2002 in the United States.
A Religious Profile of Hispanic USA • In 1990, two-thirds of all Hispanic adults (68%) said the church they attended most frequently was Catholic; in 2001 that proportion was down to just half (49%). (2001) • Three out of 10 Hispanic adults (30%) are born again, compared to 47% of black adults and 41% of whites. (2004) • Only three out of ten Hispanic adults (32%) claims to be “absolutely committed” to the Christian faith, which is significantly below the 56% of blacks and 53% of whites that reported likewise. (2004)
A Religious Profile of Hispanic USA • Hispanics are no different than adults nationwide when it comes to the importance of their faith plays in their daily life. 91% of Hispanics say that their faith is a very important part of their life compared to 87% of adults nationwide. (2004) • 68% of Hispanics believe that the Bible is totally accurate in all of its teachings, compared to 60% adults nationwide, (2004) • Like adults nationwide, 35% of Hispanics believe that they have a personal responsibility to share their religious beliefs with other people. (2004)
A Religious Profile of Hispanic USA • Hispanics are slightly less likely than the average adult to believe that you can earn your way to Heaven, with 53% of Hispanics believing that if a person is generally good, or does enough good things for others during their life, they will earn a place in Heaven, compared to 55% of adults nationwide. (2004) • Hispanics are significantly less likely than whites to contend that moral truth is absolute (15% to 26%, respectively). (2001)
Critical Issues for Understanding Lostness The Magnitude The Gap
HISPANIC USA (US Census Bureau - May 10, 2006) • USA Total Population 2006 • 300 million • Hispanic Population • July 1, 2004 41.3 million • July 1, 2005 42.7 million • July 1, 2006 44+ million
HISPANIC USACHRISTIAN EVANGELICALS 500,000 Hispanic Southern Baptists 3,500,000 Hispanic Christian Evangelicals ---------------------------------------------------- 4 million Hispanic Christian Evangelicals 44+ million U.S. Hispanic Population 1-in-every-10 Hispanics
HISPANIC USA LOSTNESS 40 million out of 240 million 17% of lostness in USA has a Hispanic name 9 out of 10 Hispanics
If we start 300 churches this year... The Hispanic USA populationwill increase by 1,700,000. 5,667 members per churchto equal the population growth
25-Years Hispanic Church Statistics Churches Members Baptism CP Mission $ 1980 1,400 90,958 9,142 698,460 1,322,130 1990 2,612 140,030 11,312 1,573,694 2,833,297 1998 1,975 93,361 8,159 1,327,413 2,983,465 2000 2,195 108,757 8,114 3,912,202 2004 2,709 137,307 9,988 1,708,004 7,390,421
“Impacting the Missional Mindset of One Generation. Hispanics the Acts 1:8 People Group for Our Generation. Every Hispanic a multiplying disciple of Jesus Christ impacting the Spiritual health of the United States and the world.”
The initial goal is 7,000 Hispanic congregations with 1,000,000 Hispanic Southern Baptist by the year 2020.
The OpportunityTo Make An Impact • It’s clear that Hispanics with both their current population and their projected population have an increasingly significant influence on the cultural and spiritual health of the United States. It’s extremely important, therefore, that Southern Baptists prayerfully join in Gods plan for starting new churches with the gospel of Jesus Christ among Hispanics.
The OpportunityTo Make An Impact • Last year Southern Baptists started more than 300 Hispanic churches. Southern Baptist Hispanic churches now number approximately 3,000. The membership for these churches is nearly 150,000. Unfortunately, these totals amount to less than 1/2 percent of the 44 million Hispanics living in the US.
The OpportunityTo Make An Impact • If Southern Baptists are going to have greater eternal impact on Hispanics, they must put a face on lostness among Hispanics. • Matthew 9:36 records that when Jesus saw the multitudes of people, He was moved by compassion for them. He saw that they were weary and scattered like sheep without a shepherd. What enabled Jesus to see the multitudes? He was with the people, walking among them day by day.
The OpportunityTo Make An Impact • Likewise, Southern Baptists must get out among the Hispanics of their communities and see them, assess their needs and allow the Holy Spirit to move them with compassion for the sake of Hispanics who have yet to come to Christ.
The OpportunityTo Make An Impact • The North American Mission Board is working with state conventions, associations, churches and church planters to start many new Hispanic churches in 2006. You can be involved, too, right where you live, if Hispanics live in your community. Consider doing the following: