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CHAPTER 1 PRIMARY OBJECTIVES

CHAPTER 1 PRIMARY OBJECTIVES

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CHAPTER 1 PRIMARY OBJECTIVES

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  1. CHAPTER 1 PRIMARY OBJECTIVES • Explain the difference between computer, information, and integration literacy • Define computer • Identify the major components of a computer • Explain the four operations of the information processing cycle: input, process, output, and storage Adapted by Drew Ramaekers

  2. CHAPTER 1 PRIMARY OBJECTIVES (cont.) • Explain how speed, reliability, accuracy, storage, and communications enable computers to be powerful tools • Differentiate among the various categories of software • Explain the purpose of a network • Discuss the uses of the Internet • Explain how computers are changing the way people teach and learn in education

  3. WHAT IS A PERSONAL COMPUTER? • IBM Personal Computer compatible • Apple Macintosh • Computers Are Everywhere video Watch Computers are Everywhere Video

  4. COMPUTER, INFORMATION AND INTEGRATION LITERACY • Computer literacy • Knowledge and understanding of computers and their uses • Information literacy • Knowing how to find, analyze, and use information • Integration literacy • The ability to use computers and other technologies combined with a variety of teaching and learning strategies

  5. WHAT IS A COMPUTER AND WHAT DOES IT DO? • A machine that has the capability of accepting data, manipulating the data according to specified rules, and then producing results.

  6. WHAT IS A COMPUTER AND WHAT DOES IT DO? • Data - collection of unorganized facts • Information - data that is organized • Processing - activity of organizing data • Input - data entered into a computer • Output - processed results from a computer • Use of Computers animation

  7. THE COMPONENTS OF A COMPUTER • Variety of hardware components work together with software to carry out various activities • Input devices • Allows users to enter data into memory of computer • Output devices • Used to convey the info. generated by a computer • System unit • Houses the electronic circuitry of a computer • Storage devices • Floppy disk, CD-ROM, Hard-disk etc. • Communications devices Click to see Figure 1-6

  8. WHY IS A COMPUTER SO POWERFUL? • Speed • Reliability • Accuracy • Storage • Communications

  9. COMPUTER SOFTWARE • Computer programs • A series of instructions that tells the hardware of a computer how to perform tasks • Stored on various storage media • Installing programs • Running programs

  10. COMPUTER SOFTWARE • System software • Operating system • Microsoft Windows • Mac OS • User interface • Graphical user interface (GUI) • Microsoft Windows 98 • Mac OS • Utility programs

  11. COMPUTER SOFTWARE • Application software • Packaged software • Custom software • Shareware and freeware • Software development • Computer programmers • Systems analyst

  12. NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET • Network • Sharing resources • Local area network - LAN • Wide area network Click to see Figure 1-17 Click to see Figure 1-18

  13. NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET • Internet • E-mail • Information • Shopping • Meeting people • Entertainment • Web page • Web site • Web browser Click to view video

  14. WHY USE COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION? • Technology is everywhere • Technology can support learning • Computers support communications beyond classroom walls • Support of national and international organizations • Computer Education video Click to view video

  15. SUMMARY OF INTRODUCTION TO USING COMPUTERS • Computer, information, and integration literacy • What is a computer and what does it do? • The major components of a computer • The four operations of the information processing cycle • Why is a computer so powerful? • Computer software

  16. SUMMARY OF INTRODUCTION TO USING COMPUTERS • Networks and the Internet • How computers are changing the way people teach and learn

  17. WHAT IS A PERSONAL COMPUTER? Double click image to play movie Go Back

  18. THE COMPONENTS OF A COMPUTER Go Back

  19. NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET A local area network (LAN) enables two separate computers to share the same printer Go Back

  20. NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET A wide area network (WAN) can be quite large and complex, such as one that connects users in offices around the country. Go Back

  21. NETWORKS AND THE INTERNET Double click image to play movie Go Back

  22. WHY USE COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION? Double click image to play movie Go Back