The Three Faces of Power - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Three Faces of Power

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  1. The Three Faces of Power • The ability to force someone to do something. A causes B to act, and B knows A has the “power.” Coercive. • The ability to influence the actions of another. A persuades B to do something, though B is not aware of the persuasion. • The structure of the sets of institutions, benefiting A over B, while neither is aware of the background relationship.

  2. Power and Leadership • Need to distinguish between authority and “leadership.” • Sources of authority are often institutional, but they can also be moral. • Leadership and a willingness to be led are clearly related, • But a willingness to be led varies based on time and circumstances, so successful leadership styles will vary based on time and circumstances, too.

  3. Two common ways of thinking about Leadership • Transformational Leadership • Transactional Leadership

  4. Diagrams of Power/Leadership • Leadership Diagram: http://clerk.house.gov/members/leadership_info.html • The Median Voter • The Committees Relative to the Floor

  5. Leadership Progressions, Percentage of Party Caucus more Moderate than Legislator 1900-2000

  6. Leadership Extremism Over a Career, Percentage of Party Caucus more Moderate than Legislator, 1900-2000

  7. Diagrams of Power/Leadership • Leadership Diagram: http://clerk.house.gov/members/leadership_info.html • The Median Voter • The Committees Relative to the Floor

  8. Lessons from Wilbur Mills • Influence versus Power • Leadership Types • Instrumental – task master • Affective – soothes internal tensions • Mills saw his role as… • Ensuring that W&M bills passed on the floor • Generating compromise within committee (to ensure support for final product) • Exchange • Five bases of Influence: • Expertise • Legitimacy • Rewards • Reference • Sanctions • He’s got the votes.

  9. How a Bill Becomes a Law(or at least what we teach, but it’s not so simple) • Introduction & Referral • Committee Hearings • Committee Markups • Committee Reports • Schedule Floor Action (Rules, UCRs) • Floor Votes • Conference Committee • Conference Report & Floor Vote • Presidential Signature (or Veto)