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SOUTHEAST ASIA

SOUTHEAST ASIA

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SOUTHEAST ASIA

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  1. SOUTHEAST ASIA

  2. Archipelago – closely grouped islands

  3. Pull Factors – pull people to the city Education Medical Services Government Services Jobs

  4. Push Factors – push people away from the rural areas X X Lack of education X Lack of adequate land to grow crops No jobs Poor healthcare

  5. Industrialization: growth of industry

  6. Part of the French colonial empire in southeast Asia Made up of Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam Ho Chi Minh began a revolt against French rule in 1941

  7. Association of Southeast Asian Nations An alliance that promotes economic growth and peace in the region Established in 1967 Comprised of 10 members

  8. Founding Members: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand

  9. Mekong River

  10. *Flows southeast to the South China Sea *World’s 12th longest river *60+ million people depend on the river *Heart and soul of Southeast Asia *Managed by the Mekong River Commission

  11. *Longest river in Southeast Asia *Used for fisheries, irrigation, power generation, and transportation *20+ million Vietnamese live on the Mekong Delta – highly productive soil *China is currently building 8 dams – threatens the ecosystem

  12. Typhoon – tropical storm, like a hurricane, that occurs in the Western Pacific

  13. Monsoon Seasonal wind that brings either dry season or rainy season

  14. Cambodia

  15. *Under French rule from 1863- 1953 *Tropical climate *Population: 13,125,000 *95% of people are Buddhists *Birth rate is 3 times higher than the death rate

  16. *1 in 236 Cambodians is disabled – most disabled country in the world *39% of the population is under the age 15 *40% more males are born each year than females – more females survive *Most Cambodian young men are Buddhist monks for a short time

  17. Capital of Cambodia Population – 1,501,725 Originally called KrongChaktomuk meaning “City of Four Faces” Location of the Killing Fields were 17,000 people were killed

  18. Angkor Wat

  19. Angkor Wat • Built as a state temple of King Suryavarman II • Declared a World Heritage Site in 1992 • Believe to be the larges pyramid on the Asian continent • Some of the depictions include: • Heaven and Hell • Battle of the Gods and Demons • Krishna and the Demon King

  20. Khmer Rouge

  21. *Pol Pot took control of Phnom Penh in 1975 *During the reign of the Khmer Rouge over 1 ½ million people were killed *After the war in Cambodia, 4 million existing landmines continue to cause casualties – each month between 300 and 700 amputations due to land- mine injuries

  22. Pol Pot *Name – SalothSar *Leader of the Cambodian Communist movement *Attempted to cleanse the country – deaths 21% of the population *Died in 1998

  23. It will be another 10 years before land mines are completely removed

  24. 1978 – Vietnamese Army forced the Khmer Rouge to take refuge in the countryside • 1993 – United Nations implemented a coalition government • 1998 – United Nations aided in the surrender of remaining Khmer Rouge forces

  25. *Landlocked country in the Indochinese Peninsula *Population: 6,320,000 *Export – hydroelectricity *Major religion – Buddhism

  26. Buddhist garden

  27. Motto: Peace, Independence, Democracy, Unity, and Prosperity

  28. Laos Facts • Located in the tropics • Has 2 main seasons: dry season and rainy season • Rivers and mountains cover 70% of the country • Democratic Republic • 40% of the population is below the poverty line • 3rd largest producer of opium

  29. Buddhism is the main religion

  30. Plain of Jars: • More than 90 sites in northern Laos • Dated back to 500 B.C. • Thought to be associated with prehistoric burial practices

  31. Some are large enough to hold a person

  32. Thailand *Movie “The Killing Fields” was filmed here *Population: 65,000,000 *Only country in Southeast Asia that has never been under European rule *Called Siam until 1939

  33. Thailand • Chief exporting crop is rice • 95% of people are Buddhists • Prostitution is illegal – best known destination for sex tourists • Not considered a poor country • Thai boxing is the national sport • Name means “Land of the Free” • 5th rank of countries for consumption of alcohol

  34. Red Bull energy drink has its origin in Thailand • Every Thai male is expected to become a monk at some point in his life • Nickname – “Land of Smiles” because of being a peace-loving people • Constitutional Monarchy – king has reigned since 1946 • Do not touch a Thai on the head, even a child. This is where the soul resides and is considered sacred

  35. WatRong Kun – known as the White Temple. It is decorated with bits of white glass and is becoming a tourist attraction. Every Thai male is expected to become a monk at some point in his life.