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http://www.sportsline.com/nfl/picksheet/ - American football is a descendant of rugby and dates back to 1869. Most notably the rule changes were instituted by Walter Camp, considered the \"Father of American Football\".\n

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a j newell the football dude

A.J.​​​​NEWELL

“The​​​​Football​​​​Dude”

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

yanks guide the 1 guide to american football

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Author:​​AJ​​Newell

Dreamworld​​Productions

Copyright​​©​​2017​​3rd​​Edition

BISAC:​​Sports​​&​​Recreation​​/​​Football

ISBN-13:​​​978-1475144239

ISBN-10:​​​1475144237

*This​​eBook​​is​​free​​so​​share​​it​​with​​whomever

you​​like​​as​​long​​as​​no​​changes​​are​​made​​to​​it.

This Book is written by a lifelong fan and is not affiliated with the NFL in any way. Photos were

retrieved through a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. None of these

photographers necessarily endorse the author or this work. Any mention of NFL or Super Bowl

or NFL Teams is strictly for educational purposes. This book is intended to be a reference guide

for the public at large and curious parties worldwide. The NFL does not necessarily endorse this

work​​or​​its​​author.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

topics covered in this guide include

Topics​​​​covered​​​​in​​​​this​​​​guide​​​​include:

● American​​football​​rules​​and​​regulations 

● American​​football​​teams 

● American​​football​​basics 

● American​​football​​101​​for​​dummies 

● History​​of​​american​​football 

● American​​football​​games,​​positions​​&​​overtime​​rules 

● How​​to​​play​​Gridiron​​football 

● American​​football​​league​​(NFL) 

● What​​is​​football 

● NFL​​positions 

● How​​many​​players​​in​​American​​football​​games 

● How​​many​​points​​is​​a​​touchdown​​&​​field​​goal 

● American​​Football​​Dictionary​​/​​Glossary​​of​​terms 

● And​​much​​more! 

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

preface this book was written primarily with

PREFACE

This book was written primarily with a Global audience in mind. American Football games are

now being played all over the world including several NFL games a year in London. I predict the

expansion of American football will continue for many years to come. I titled this book, “Yank’s

Guide” because many folks in the UK and Australia often refer to Americans as “Yanks”.

American Football is “Yank Football” or “Gridiron Football” to many people around the world,

because if you just say ‘football’, most people outside of America will think you are talking

about​​what​​we​​in​​the​​USA​​call​​‘soccer’.

**Having said that, I know there are many men, women and youngsters in the United States who

would​​like​​to​​learn​​more​​about​​the​​game​​so​​this​​guide​​is​​definitely​​for​​you​​too!

Bottom line, whether you’re totally clueless or just want more in-depth info to fill in some holes,

this guide is for you. Let’s face it, not everybody knows what a nose tackle or a shotgun

formation is. Yank’s Guide provides simple explanations of how the game works and translates

the various jargon and terms that are commonly used into plain English. You will learn

everything quickly and easily with minimum fuss. If you read any term that you do not

understand,​​just​​refer​​to​​the​​american​​football​​glossary​​inside​​this​​book​​to​​learn​​what​​it​​means.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

a very brief history of american football

A​​​​(Very)​​​​Brief​​​​History​​​​of​​​​American​​​​Football...A​​​​(Very)​​​​Brief​​​​History​​​​of​​​​American​​​​Football...

American​​football​​is​​a​​descendant​​of​​rugby​​and​​dates​​back​​to​​1869.​​Most​​notably​​the​​rule

changes​​were​​instituted​​by​​Walter​​Camp,​​considered​​the​​"Father​​of​​American​​Football”.

First​​​​recorded​​​​game​​​​played:

November​​​​6,​​​​1869,​​​​Rutgers​​​​vs.​​​​Princeton

The​​​​Object​​​​of​​​​the​​​​Game

The object of the game is to outscore the other opponent. The team who has scored the most

points when time has expired wins. If the score is tied when all four quarters have expired then

the​​game​​goes​​into​​overtime.

The​​​​Finer​​​​Points

Every game starts with a kick-off. From that point the game is on and each team will try to

implement a game plan and start scoring points. The offense will try to score points and the

defense will try to stop the offense from scoring points. To stop the offense from advancing the

ball, the defense must tackle the player with the ball by knocking him down. Defensive players

must​​use​​some​​form​​of​​physical​​contact​​and​​force​​to​​bring​​the​​ball-carrier​​to​​the​​ground.​​Tacklers

cannot​​kick,​​punch​​trip,​​or​​grab​​the​​face​​mask​​of​​the​​runner​​or​​they​​will​​be​​called​​for​​a​​penalty.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

the field football is played on a rectangular

The​​​​Field

Football is played on a rectangular field 120 yards long by 53 1/3 yards wide. The boundary lines

are​​called​​sidelines.​​Near​​each​​end​​of​​the​​field​​is​​a​​goal​​line;​​they​​are​​100​​yards​​apart.

A scoring area called the end zone extends 10 yards beyond each goal line. At the back of each

end zone are two goal posts (also called uprights) Yard lines cross the field every 5 yards, and

are numbered from each goal line to the 50-yard line (midfield). Two rows of lines, known as

hash marks, run parallel the side lines near the middle of the field. All plays start with the ball on

or​​between​​the​​hash​​marks.

Scoring

To score points a team must advance the football into the opposing team's end zone. The ball can

be advanced by carrying, throwing or handing it from one teammate to the other. Points can be

scored in a number of ways, including carrying the ball over the goal line, throwing the ball to

another​​player​​past​​the​​goal​​line​​or​​kicking​​it​​through​​the​​goal​​posts​​on​​the​​opposing​​side.

A​​​​team​​​​can​​​​score​​​​points​​​​in​​​​the​​​​following​​​​ways:

A touchdown (TD) is worth 6 points. It is scored when a player runs the ball into or catches a

pass in his opponent's end zone. After a touchdown, the scoring team attempts an extra point

conversion. The ball is placed at the 2-yard line. The team can kick the ball through the goal

posts for 1 point, or run or pass it into the end zone for 2 points (a two-point conversion). A field

goal (3 points) is scored by kicking the ball through the goal posts. A safety (2 points) A safety is

scored by the defense when the offensive player in possession of the ball is forced back into his

own​​end​​zone​​and​​is​​tackled​​there.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

moving the ball each team must have 11 players

Moving​​​​the​​​​Ball

Each team must have 11 players on the field at a time. The offense has four attempts, called

downs, to advance the ball 10 yards towards their opponent's end zone. Before each down, each

team​​chooses​​a​​play​​that​​the​​players​​are​​to​​follow​​on​​a​​down.

When the offense gains 10 yards, it achieves a first down, which means the team has another set

of four downs to gain yet another 10 yards or score with. If the offense fails to gain a first down

(10 yards) after 4 downs, it loses possession of the ball. Often a defense will stop an offense for a

loss. This denotes that the offense was pushed back beyond the original line of scrimmage for

negative yardage. In this case the offense will have to recoup the negative yards in addition to the

ten yards to gain a first down. Except at the beginning of halves and after scores, the ball is

always put into play by a snap. Offensive players line up facing defensive players at the line of

scrimmage (the position on the field where the play begins). One offensive player, the center,

then​​passes​​(or​​"snaps")​​the​​ball​​between​​his​​legs​​to​​the​​quarterback.

Each half begins with a kickoff. Teams also kick off after scoring touchdowns and field goals.

The​​other​​team's​​kick​​returner​​tries​​to​​catch​​the​​ball​​and​​advance​​it​​as​​far​​as​​possible.​​Where​​the

player is stopped is the point where the offense will begin its drive, or series of offensive plays.

If the kick returner catches the ball in his own end zone, the player can either run with the ball, or

elect for a touchback by kneeling in the end zone, in which case the receiving team then starts its

offensive​​drive​​from​​its​​own​​20-yard​​line.

Players​​​​can​​​​advance​​​​the​​​​ball​​​​in​​​​the​​​​following​​​​ways:

By running with the ball, also known as rushing, or by throwing the ball to a teammate, known

as passing. The offense can throw the ball forward only once on a play and only from behind the

line of scrimmage. The ball can be thrown, pitched, or tossed sideways or backwards at any time

during​​a​​play​​(lateral).

A​​​​down​​​​ends,​​​​and​​​​the​​​​ball​​​​becomes​​​​dead,​​​​after​​​​any​​​​of​​​​the​​​​following:

● The​​player​​with​​the​​ball​​is​​forced​​to​​the​​ground​​(tackled)

● A​​forward​​pass​​flies​​out​​of​​bounds​​or​​touches​​the​​ground​​before​​it​​is​​caught

● The​​ball​​or​​the​​player​​with​​the​​ball​​goes​​out​​of​​bounds

● A​​team​​scores

● Officials​​blow​​a​​whistle​​to​​notify​​all​​players​​that​​the​​down​​is​​over.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

strategy each team has a playbook with hundreds

Strategy

Each team has a playbook with hundreds of plays. Some plays are very safe and likely to get

only a few yards. Other plays have the potential for long gains but at a greater risk of a loss of

yardage or a turnover. Generally speaking, running plays are less risky than passing plays.

However, there are relatively safe passing plays and risky running plays. To fool the other team,

some passing plays are designed to resemble running plays and vice versa (trick play, play

action). Many hours of preparation and strategy, including watching the tape by both players and

coaches,​​go​​into​​the​​days​​between​​football​​games.

Turning​​​​the​​​​ball​​​​over

The​​offense​​maintains​​possession​​of​​the​​ball​​unless​​one​​of​​the​​following​​things​​happens:

1.) The offense fails to get a first down— i.e., they fail to move the ball forward at least 10 yards

in​​four​​downs.

2.) The offense scores a touchdown or field goal. The team that scored then kicks the ball to the

other​​team​​via​​a​​kickoff

3.)​​The​​offense​​punts​​the​​ball

4.) When a defensive player catches a forward pass it is called an interception, and the player

who makes the interception can run with the ball until the player is tackled or forced out of

Bounds.

5.) An offensive player drops the ball (fumbles) and a defensive player picks it up. As with

interceptions,​​a​​player​​recovering​​a​​fumble​​can​​run​​with​​the​​ball​​until​​tackled​​or​​forced​​out​​of

bounds.​​Lost​​fumbles​​and​​interceptions​​are​​together​​known​​as​​turnovers.

6.) The offensive team misses a field goal attempt. The defensive team gets the ball at the spot of

the​​kick.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

time quarters and halves each football game

Time:​​​​Quarters​​​​and​​​​Halves

Each football game is broken down into segments called quarters. There are four quarters to each

football game, and each quarter is 15 minutes in length. A quarter always lasts longer than 15

actual minutes (real time) due to timeouts, TV commercials, and injuries on the field. The 15

minutes on the clock is referred to as game time, and is kept track of via the game clock. The

average NFL football game will usually last between 3-4 hours (real time). A half is two quarters

in length and there are two halves in one game, 1st half and 2nd half. After the conclusion of the

1st half there is an intermission period called half-time. Half-time is 12 minutes in length (game

clock​​time).

Pre-game

Before the game begins the National Anthem is performed, followed by a coin toss at mid-field

to decide who will receive the ball first on the kickoff. Representatives from each team will

gather at midfield with the referee who administers the toss. One of the representative players

(usually the team captain) will call ―heads or ―tails while the coin is in the air. The side of the

coin that lands face up will determine who will receive the ball first. The team who loses the coin

toss gets to choose which end zone they would like to receive the football. A team will usually

choose to receive the ball first if they win the toss, however sometimes a team will choose to

kick off first instead. The rationale behind that decision is that whoever kicks the ball first gets to

get the ball kicked to them at the start of the third quarter, which is the end of halftime. On the

TV side of things, the announcers and analysts give game reports, conduct interviews and make

predictions​​in​​the​​pre-game​​segment.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

timeouts a time out is a stoppage of the game

Timeouts

A time-out is a stoppage of the game clock. Each team gets 3 timeouts per half. A timeout will

usually be called when a team needs to strategize, but it can be called for a variety of reasons,

such​​as​​stopping​​the​​clock​​so​​field​​goal​​can​​be​​kicked​​in​​the​​last​​seconds​​of​​the​​game.

Half-Time

Halftime​​is​​the​​middle​​point​​of​​a​​game​​where​​players​​leave​​the​​field​​and​​go​​to​​their​​respective

locker-rooms​​to​​regroup,​​rest,​​and​​refine​​their​​plans​​for​​the​​second-half​​of​​the​​game.

Over-time

Overtime​​is​​triggered​​if​​the​​score​​is​​tied​​at​​the​​end​​of​​regulation​​(after​​all​​4​​quarters​​have

expired).​​Overtime​​is​​15​​minutes​​in​​duration,​​but​​will​​end​​when​​a​​team​​scores.​​The​​first​​team

who​​scores​​wins​​and​​the​​game​​is​​over.​​This​​is​​called​​―sudden​​death.

**In college, the overtime period works differently. Each team will have a chance to respond to

an​​opponent’s​​score,​​and​​there​​is​​no​​kickoff-​​the​​ball​​is​​automatically​​placed​​on​​the

35​​yard​​line​​of​​the​​defender’s​​territory.

Refs​​​​&​​​​Penalties

Referees (or refs) are the people on the field who wear the striped black and white uniforms.

They​​serve​​the​​very​​important​​role​​of​​enforcing​​the​​rules​​of​​the​​game​​by​​calling​​penalties​​against

a player when the rules of the game are violated. When an infraction (violation) of the rules

occurs,​​a​​yellow​​flag​​is​​thrown​​and​​a​​penalty​​is​​called.

Penalties

If a penalty occurs during a play, an official throws a yellow flag near to where the foul was

committed. When the play ends, the team that did not commit the penalty has the option of either

accepting​​the​​penalty​​or​​accepting​​the​​result​​of​​the​​play​​without​​the​​penalty.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

common penalties false start an offensive player

Common​​​​Penalties

● False​​start:​​An​​offensive​​player​​illegally​​moves​​after​​lining​​up​​for​​the​​snap.

● Off-sides:​​A​​defensive​​player​​is​​on​​the​​wrong​​side​​of​​the​​ball​​at​​the​​start​​of​​a​​play.

● Holding:​​Illegally​​grasping​​or​​pulling​​an​​opponent​​other​​than​​the​​ball-carrier.

● Pass​​interference:​​Contacting​​an​​opponent​​to​​prevent​​him​​from​​catching​​a​​forward​​pass.

● Delay​​of​​game:​​Failing​​to​​begin​​a​​new​​play​​after​​a​​certain​​time

● Face​​mask:​​Grasping​​or​​touching​​the​​face​​mask​​of​​another​​player

Offense

The​​Offensive​​unit​​consists​​of:

● Offensive​​line​​(guards,​​center)

● Receivers​​(wide​​receivers,​​tight​​ends)

● Running​​backs​​(tailbacks,​​fullbacks)

Offensive line, (G - Guard, C – Center) OL/G protects the passer and clear the way for runners

by​​blocking​​members​​of​​the​​defense.​​Center​​snaps​​the​​ball.

Quarterback (QB) Receives the snap on most plays. Hand or toss ball to a running back, throw it

to​​a​​receiver​​or​​run​​with​​the​​ball.

Running backs (RB) Line up behind or beside the QB and specialize in running with the ball.

They​​also​​block,​​catch​​passes​​and,​​on​​rare​​occasions,​​pass​​the​​ball​​to​​others.

Wide​​receivers​​(WR)​​Specialize​​in​​catching​​passes,​​and​​occasionally​​block​​downfield.

Tight Ends (TE) Either play like wide receivers (catch passes) or like offensive linemen (protect

the​​QB​​or​​create​​spaces​​for​​runners).

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

defense the defensive unit consists of defensive

Defense

The​​Defensive​​unit​​consists​​of:

● Defensive​​line​​(defensive​​ends,​​tackles)

● Linebackers

● Defensive​​backs​​(cornerbacks,​​safeties)

DL – (DE -D Ends, NT -Nose Tackle, T- Tackles) Line up directly across from the offensive

line.

Attempt to tackle the running backs before they can gain yardage or the quarterback before the

player​​can​​throw​​a​​pass.

Defensive Backs (S-Safeties, CB-Cornerbacks) Cover the receivers and try to stop pass

completions.​​Occasionally​​rush​​the​​quarterback.

Linebackers (LB) Line up between the defensive line and defensive backs and rush the

quarterback​​or​​cover​​potential​​receivers,​​assist​​in​​tackles​​all​​over​​the​​field.

Special​​​​Teams

The Special Teams unit consists of: Kicking team (kicker, punter, place-holder, long-snapper)

Return specialists (punt return specialists, kick return specialists) Coverage Specialists (all

blockers​​and​​defenders​​in​​kicking​​or​​punting​​situations).

Punter​​(P)​​Punts​​the​​ball​​to​​opposing​​team

Kicker​​(K)​​Kicks​​off​​to​​opposing​​team​​and​​attempt​​field​​goals​​and​​extra​​points

Special Teams Unit - The unit of players who handle kicking situations are known as special

teams​​players.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

conferences and divisions there are 32 teams

Conferences​​​​and​​​​Divisions

There are 32 teams in the National Football League. The League is divided into two categories

called Conferences: the AFC and the NFC. The AFC stands for the American Football

Conference, the NFC stands for the National Football Conference. There are 16 teams in each

conference.

Each​​conference​​is​​subdivided​​into​​divisions​​that​​kind​​of​​represent​​certain​​regions​​of​​the​​country.

I say kind of because some divisions contain teams that are not in the same geographic region.

NFC North division for instance has a concentration of teams in it that are all located in the

Northern​​United​​States.

The NFC East division is more spread out though. It contains a team like the New York Giants

and the Dallas Cowboys, which are obviously not in the same geographic region. The NFL

reshuffled the divisions a few years back in order to make each division more geographically

significant, but there are still a few teams that remain spread apart like that. Within each division

are the actual NFL teams that represent their city or region. Each division contains 4 teams. The

best two teams from each conference play in the Super Bowl. The winner of the Super Bowl is

the​​champion​​in​​the​​NFL​​for​​that​​year.

Team​​​​Objectives

The number one objective of an NFL team is to be a successful franchise. This is accomplished

by entertaining fans, expanding the fan base, through ticket and merchandise sales, corporate

sponsorships and television revenues. Additional objectives are to win as many football games as

possible, to get into the Playoffs, to go to and win the Super Bowl. By succeeding in these areas,

a​​team​​will​​automatically​​fulfill​​its​​number​​one​​objective​​of​​running​​a​​successful​​business.

Team​​​​Identities

The logo and mascot of an NFL team is usually something aggressive and menacing. The desired

result is an image of toughness to reflect on the football team. The “Care Bears” wouldn’t be a

good mascot choice for an NFL team. Cuteness or softness is to be avoided at all costs. Even the

cardinal on the Arizona Cardinals helmet looks like a mean little bugger who could beak your

eye out if he wanted to. Football is a rough and brutal sport and the chosen logos reflect this. A

team like the New Orleans Saints has an attractive Fleur-De-Lis symbol, yet that symbol was

often used in battle during the middle-ages in Europe. Each team has a trademark color scheme

which is displayed on the uniforms, merchandise and stadium decor. Team colors usually remain

the​​same​​over​​the​​years,​​but​​in​​some​​cases​​(the​​Buccaneers​​for​​example)​​a​​team​​will​​completely

overhaul​​its​​color​​scheme​​and​​uniform​​design.

Yanks​​Guide​​-​​The​​#1​​Guide​​to​​American​​Football

Copyright​​©​​2017

team history each team has a unique history

Team​​​​History

Each team has a unique history- the year it was founded, the cities it has been in, wins and losses,

playoff appearances, Super Bowl appearances, Super Bowl wins. The history of each team varies

widely. Some teams who were successful in the past are no longer so, and vice versa. Some

teams have always been poor, and some teams have always thrived. Some teams are relatively

new and some are very old. A new NFL team is called an expansion team. The number of NFL

teams the league has now (32) will likely remain the same however, because adding another

team would create a strain on the talent pool of quality players coming into the NFL. There is a

limited supply of elite football players coming out of college each year. The NFL wants every

team​​to​​be

staffed with high quality professional football players because it is simply more entertaining to

watch. Also, adding another team would create a lopsided league with one conference and

division having one more team than the other. If anything, teams will just move to other cities in

the​​future​​if​​they​​desire​​to​​break​​into​​a​​new​​market​​for​​whatever​​reason.

Home​​​​Field

Each team has a designated stadium or dome where its home games are played, and is called the

team’s home field. The stadium often has a corporate sponsor attached to it, (for instance,

Gillette Stadium) and seats between 60,000 and 85,000 people. The home field is either within

the city limits of the team or just outside city limits in the suburbs. When a game is played on a

team’s home field, they are said to have a home field advantage due to the familiarity with the

field itself, and because the crowd is cheering for the home team and loudly opposed to the

visiting​​team.

The louder the crowd noise, the harder it will be for the offense to run plays. The quarterback

will have difficulty calling out plays to his offense because the noise is greater than his audible

play-calling can possibly get, and his teammates will have difficulty hearing him as well. Crowd

noise also excites the home team’s defense- in essence giving them more energy to stop the

offensive​​drive​​or​​to​​create​​a​​turnover.

The Super Bowl is played in one pre-selected NFL stadium each year. The selection is made

years in advance by the Super Bowl selection committee. Obviously, the Super Bowl will create

huge​​revenue​​and​​recognition​​for​​the​​selected​​city.

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personnel nfl team personnel consists of owner

Personnel

NFL​​team​​personnel​​consists​​of:

● Owner

● General​​Manager​​(GM)

● Head​​Coach

● Coaching​​staff

● Players

● Trainers

● Cheerleading​​squad​​(for​​some,​​not​​all​​teams)

The owner owns the team and cuts the checks. The GM is selected by the owner to make

administrative and personnel decisions, including selection of the head coach and overseeing

contract negotiations with players and coaches. Basically, the GM is responsible for doling out

the money that the owner is willing to pay and also for protecting the owner’s interests via

contractual agreements. In some cases a head coach will also be designated as the team’s GM by

the​​owner.

Not​​mentioned​​above​​are​​sports​​agents.​​Agents​​represent​​the​​players​​and​​coaches​​and​​are​​the

individuals who spell out the terms of a contract by directly negotiating salary requirements with

team​​management.

The Head Coach is the sovereign leader of the football team. In military terms he would be the

general who leads the troops into battle. The Head Coach is given control of the team by the

general manager and will decide the direction a team will go on many different levels. He is the

main strategist, decision-maker and play-caller. The head coach does have help however. His

coaching staff consists of several specialized coaches for each position on the field- quarterbacks

coach,​​running​​backs​​coach,​​receivers​​coach,​​etc.

Offensive and defensive coordinators are also members of the coaching staff and are very

important strategists the head coach relies on both during a game and in the preparation of the

game plan. It is common for a really good offensive or defensive coordinator to eventually

become​​a​​head​​coach​​himself.

Trainers are responsible for conditioning and care of the athletes on and off the field. They are

nutritionists, fitness/weight-lifting/conditioning experts, team physicians, physical therapists and

athletic apparel coordinators. Players can lose a lot of money for being injured or out of shape,

and a team can lose its ability to win if the players are unable to perform at 100% capacity. For

this​​reason,​​a​​small​​army​​of​​professionals​​are​​devoted​​to​​taking​​care​​of​​every​​single​​player.

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players each team is comprised of 53 players

Players

Each team is comprised of 53 players, which is called the active roster. NFL players are all

members of a union called the National Football League Players Association (NFLPA). There

are three types of players: offensive, defensive and special teams. With very rare exception,

almost every NFL player will come to the NFL after playing football in college. A normal

college career lasts 4-5 years, but an exceptionally talented player can come out of college early

after 2-3 years, declaring himself eligible for the NFL draft. Sometimes this is to a player’s

advantage when you consider the money he stands to earn. Injuries are very common in football.

If he gets injured in his senior year of college he may lose out on millions of dollars or may not

even be drafted at all. Others opt to remain in college for the full duration until graduation. In the

majority of cases this is the best path for a player to take who has NFL aspirations. College is

where​​the​​player​​will​​perfect​​his​​craft​​before​​turning​​pro.

Uniforms

Pro​​players​​wear​​uniform​​numbers​​based​​on​​the​​position​​they​​play.

● Quarterbacks,​​kickers​​and​​punters,​​and​​other​​specialists:​​1-19

● Wide​​receivers:​​10-19,​​80-89

● Running​​backs​​and​​defensive​​backs:​​20-49

● Offensive​​linemen:​​50-79

● Linebackers:​​50-59​​and​​90-99

● Defensive​​linemen:​​60-79​​and​​90-99

● Tight​​ends:​​80-89,​​or​​40-49​​if​​all​​are​​taken

Playmakers

There are certain players who are recognized for their extraordinary abilities on the football field

on both offense and defense. Every team has them. They are called playmakers. Playmakers are

rainmakers, candy-men, the money-makers...they just make things happen. I define playmaker as

a player who makes big plays on a consistent basis and who is capable of changing a game into a

positive direction for his team through his unique abilities alone. Every single player in the NFL

is already the best of the best just for making it into the league at all, because most college

football players will simply not make it to the pros. Yet each team has about 2 or 3 players

(sometimes more, sometimes less) that can make eye- opening, eyebrow-raising, jaw-dropping

plays​​week​​in​​and​​week​​out.

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annual nfl awards vince lombardi trophy lamar

Annual​​​​NFL​​​​Awards

● Vince​​Lombardi​​Trophy

● Lamar​​Hunt​​Trophy

● George​​S.​​Halas​​Trophy

● Most​​Valuable​​Player

● Coach​​of​​the​​Year

● Offensive​​Player​​of​​the​​Year

● Defensive​​Player​​of​​the​​Year

● Offensive​​Rookie​​of​​the​​Year

● Defensive​​Rookie​​of​​the​​Year

● Super​​Bowl​​MVP

● NFL​​Comeback​​Player​​of​​the​​Year

● Walter​​Payton​​Man​​of​​the​​Year​​Award

● Pro​​Bowl​​MVP

What​​​​about​​​​us?

Ah yes, the fans. We make this whole show continue with the money we spend on the games, the

merch, the time we spend watching it on the tube, and by the amount of money our fanatics

spend buying game face paint. The games in turn provide us with a pleasant weekly escape from

reality​​and​​an​​opportunity​​to​​spend​​$120​​on​​food,​​beer​​and​​parking.

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nfl networks television networks that have

NFL​​​​Networks

Television networks that have contracts with the NFL to broadcast their football games. FOX,

NBC, CBS, ABC, ESPN, and the NFL Network are the networks who broadcast the games at

this​​time.

Season​​​​Structure

Pre-season is 3-5 games that are played between late July and Early September during the

training camp period. Although there are a lot of similarities to regular season games, the

preseason games do not count. They are there for NFL teams to evaluate new personnel (free

agents & draft picks) and to prepare the players and coaches for the rigors of regular season. I

think its worth mentioning that pre-season wins and losses are not indicative of the quality or

non-quality of a football team. Coaches are leery of starters getting injured and lost for the

regular season, so it is common for non-starters to play the majority of time in pre-season games.

Injuries are inevitable- a byproduct of all the brutal pounding that happens on the field, and so a

delicate balance must be exercised. Every player needs to get reps, clear the cobwebs and get

into game situations in order to be truly ready for the first game of the regular season, yet on the

other hand you don’t want any of your key players out for the season. Great lengths are taken to

avoid​​injuries​​but​​they​​will​​happen​​anyway.

Training​​​​Camp

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preseason and training camp go hand in hand

Preseason and Training Camp go hand in hand. It’s common for a team to hold training camp in

a retreat-style fashion in another city and state. This is usually done to minimize distractions and

to promote team bonding. There is a huge emphasis on conditioning (specifically weight training

and cardio) and mastering the playbook in camp. During training camp many players are trying

to just make the roster and avoid being cut. Those that are in danger of being cut are said to be on

the bubble. Cuts are unavoidable however, and a team will intentionally bring in many more

players​​than​​it​​will​​actually​​keep​​for​​the​​regular​​season.

Regular​​​​Season

The regular season is 17 weeks long. Each team plays 16 games (one game a week) called a

schedule, and has one week off for rest and recuperation. The week off is called a bye, and is

predetermined before the regular season begins. The schedule includes the matchups, (teams who

are playing each other) and the dates and times the games will be played. There are 8 home

games​​and​​8​​away​​games.

Division​​​​Games

Each team will play an opponent within its own division a total of two times during the regular

season, once at home and once away. Let’s take the Jacksonville Jaguars as an example, who are

in the AFC South division. The Jaguars will play the Texans, Colts and Titans twice in one

season for a total of 6 games, and vice versa. The Jaguars’ other 10 opponents will consist of 4

NFC​​teams​​and​​6​​AFC​​teams​​from​​around​​the​​league.​​The​​same​​model​​applies​​to​​every​​team,​​the

only difference being an NFC team will play 6 NFC teams and 4 AFC teams outside its division.

Division games are the most important, followed by conference games. The team with the most

division​​wins​​will​​automatically​​go​​to​​the​​playoffs​​to​​represent​​its​​division​​and​​win

the​​title​​of​​division​​champion.

Post​​​​Season

The​​post-season​​takes​​place​​after​​the​​regular​​season​​ends​​and​​the​​playoffs​​begin.​​The​​goal​​of

every​​NFL​​team​​is​​to​​first​​make​​the​​playoffs​​and​​then​​make​​it​​to,​​and​​hopefully​​win​​the​​Super

Bowl.​​Only​​12​​of​​the​​32​​teams​​will​​make​​it​​into​​the​​playoffs,​​(6​​teams​​from​​each​​conference)​​and

only​​2​​of​​the​​32​​teams​​will​​play​​in​​the​​Super​​Bowl.

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playoffs referred to as the road to the super

Playoffs

Referred to as the Road to the Super Bowl, the playoffs are a series of games a team must play

and win in order to play in the Super Bowl game. To get there a team must first earn a playoff

berth (acceptance to the playoffs). Once a team loses in the playoffs they are eliminated from

contention. Hopefully this is not too confusing, but to earn a playoff berth a team must either

make it in as a wildcard or a division leader. There will be a total of 8 division leaders (one from

each NFL division) and 4 wildcard teams in the playoffs. The teams are matched up in a playoff

bracket. The match-ups that take place in the bracket are determined by a team’s seed (rank).

There are 6 seeds in the AFC playoff bracket and 6 seeds in the NFC playoff bracket. The seeds

are based primarily on the win and loss records of each team. The number one and number two

seed from each conference will not play in the first round of the playoffs and are awarded a bye.

They​​will​​each​​play​​the​​winners​​of​​the​​first​​round​​wildcard​​games.

Wildcard​​​​Teams

Two wild card teams will make the playoffs from each conference. A wildcard team is a team

that was just good enough to make it into the playoffs. They were not the best team in their own

division, but they have a better record than other non-division winners in their conference.

Although rare, a wildcard team can win all their playoff games and make it to the Super Bowl.

The Steelers did just that in 2005, winning it all. As the saying goes, the postseason is a whole

new​​ballgame-​​if​​a​​team​​can​​get​​on​​a​​winning​​streak,​​they​​could​​go​​all​​the​​way.

Super​​​​Bowl

The Super Bowl is the Super Bowl of all events. It is watched by nearly half of U.S. television

households and is also televised in over 150 other countries. The event is a household name that

describes the grandest of sporting events from both a popularity standpoint and in its overall

economic impact. The first Super Bowl game was played on January 15, 1967. The Super Bowl

is one of the most-watched U.S. television broadcasts of the year, attracting many companies to

spend millions of dollars on commercials. In addition, many popular singers and musicians

perform during the Super Bowl's pre-game and halftime ceremonies. It is the second-largest U.S.

food consumption day, following Thanksgiving. The Super Bowl uses Roman numerals to

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identify each game rather than the year

identify each game, rather than the year it was held. The game is held in one NFL city each year.

The chosen site of the Super Bowl is chosen by the Super Bowl selection committee, usually 3 to

5 years in advance. Cities compete to host the game in a selection bidding process. The team

who wins the Super Bowl is awarded the Lombardi Trophy, and each player will get a Super

Bowl​​ring​​and​​a​​sizable​​bonus.

Off-season

Off-season​​describes​​the​​period​​of​​time​​when​​a​​football​​team​​has​​finished​​playing​​football​​for

the year. It is the cycle of preparation and processes a team goes through to get ready for the next

NFL season. If a team does not make it to the playoffs the off-season begins for them as soon as

the 17 week regular season ends. The major events that occur during the off-season: Pro Bowl,

Free agency, Personnel Moves, NFL Combine, preparation for the NFL Draft, Draft Day and

Minicamp.

Pro​​​​Bowl

The Pro Bowl is a game where the best players in the NFL meet. The players who are voted into

the Pro Bowl consider it a very important resume booster and honor to be there. The game takes

place​​one​​week​​after​​the​​Super​​Bowl​​in​​Hawaii​​and​​is​​light-hearted​​in​​nature.

The​​best​​NFC​​players​​compete​​against​​the​​best​​AFC​​players​​for​​that​​year.​​The​​NFC​​team​​wears

blue​​and​​the​​AFC​​wears​​red.​​Each​​player​​wears​​the​​helmet​​of​​the​​team​​they​​represent​​and​​play

for​​during​​the​​regular​​season.

Free​​​​Agency

After the season concludes, free agent acquisitions and coaching changes are the norm. If the

head​​coach​​is​​not​​fired,​​someone​​on​​the​​coaching​​staff​​usually​​will​​be,​​or​​they​​will​​take​​a

job on another team somewhere, so they will need to be replaced. Free agents (players who are

not under contract) will shop their services around to other teams and try to negotiate a situation

they are pleased with. For the teams, free agents provide a valuable opportunity for them to

improve themselves outside of the draft. Often a team will be weak in a certain position such as

linebacker for example. A savvy general manager will know what free agent linebackers are

available on the market and the free agent will be contacted and invited in for a tryout. No doubt

about it, free agent acquisitions can be very significant in the success or failure of a team trying

to​​improve​​itself.

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as far as coaching changes go the nfl is a sink

As far as coaching changes go, the NFL is a sink-or-swim business. The NFL could be jokingly

referred to as ―Not For Long for coaches. If a team does not live up to the expectations of the

fans, the media, or team management, somebody has to be the scapegoat. Someone is going to

get fired. A firing could be completely justified however and may be the key to success for a

ball-club. Different coaches have different philosophies that may or may not be compatible with

the particular football players who are on that team. It is essential for a coach to win over his

players (gain respect) and have them buy into the system he wishes to implement. If they don’t,

mutiny​​is​​the​​likely​​result.

NFL​​​​Combine

The combine is for NFL teams to evaluate potential NFL players coming out of college. Various

physical and intellectual tests are used to evaluate players, and a rating is assigned to them.

Among the physical tests are the 40 yard dash, bench press, and vertical leap measurement. Also

given is the Wonderlic exam, an intelligence test used by NFL teams to gauge each player’s

learning acumen. This information is taken into consideration by team scouts and then used to

assess​​a​​player’s​​draft​​value.

Draft​​​​Day

NFL teams invest millions of dollars annually and enlist armies of scouts to comb the nation in a

search for draft prospects. The NFL draft is the system NFL teams use to pick football players

coming out of college. There are 7 rounds to the draft. A round is the same thing as the

opportunity for each team to make a selection. All things being equal, each team will have 7

draft selections to add to its team each year. This is not the norm however. It is customary for

teams to trade draft picks and make all kinds of maneuvers before and during the draft.

Sometimes a team wants to move into a better position to draft a player they want, and

sometimes a deal was made the previous year and they are forced to relinquish their draft pick on

a​​certain​​round​​to​​another​​team.​​There​​are​​many​​variations​​that​​can​​occur.

Usually the first round selection is the most potent and highest paid player a team will select for

that year. A team usually expects that its first rounder should make an instant impact on the field

as a rookie player. Strong expectations exist for players being drafted into the 2nd and 3rd

rounds also, and then they begin to dwindle. It is thought that the best players who are available

would have been selected already by the end of the third round. Without question there are

exceptions to this rule of thumb though. A first rounder could end up being a complete bust, and

a​​7th

rounder​​could​​end​​up​​being​​a​​phenomenal​​player​​and​​a​​surprise​​sleeper.

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much hinges on the scouting department of a team

Much hinges on the scouting department of a team in how accurately they have assessed a

player’s potential. A really good scout even knows who the best players are coming out of high

school and will follow their careers all the way into the pros. If a player is not one out of the

possible 255 selected by a team on draft day, he can still shop his services around as an undrafted

free​​agent.

Mini​​​​Camp

Held​​in​​Spring,​​the​​team​​will​​gather​​to​​prep​​for​​the​​upcoming​​season​​and​​outline​​specific​​team,

player​​and​​conditioning​​objectives.

NFL​​​​TEAMS

Buffalo​​​​Bills

Division:​​AFC​​East

Founded:​​1959

Location:​​Buffalo,​​New​​York

Colors:​​Dark​​Navy,​​Red,​​Royal,​​Nickel,​​and​​White

Mascot:​​The​​franchise​​name​​comes​​from​​the​​legendary​​western​​hunter​​and​​performer

Buffalo​​Bill.

Miami​​​​Dolphins

Division:​​AFC​​East

Founded:​​1966

Location:​​Miami,​​Florida

Colors:​​Aqua​​Green,​​Coral​​Orange,​​Navy​​Blue,​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Bottle-nosed​​Dolphin

New​​​​England​​​​Patriots

Division:​​AFC​​East

Founded:​​1960

Location:​​Foxboro,​​Massachusetts​​(near​​Boston)

Colors:​​Nautical​​Blue,​​New​​Century​​Silver,​​Red​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Patriots-​​The​​original​​American​​Settlers​​from​​the​​colonial​​era.

New​​​​York​​​​Jets

Division:​​AFC​​East

Founded:​​1960

Location:​​East​​Rutherford,​​New​​Jersey​​(Just​​outside​​NYC)

Colors:​​Green​​and​​White

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mascot a futuristic jet

Mascot:​​A​​Futuristic​​Jet

Baltimore​​​​Ravens

Division:​​AFC​​North

Founded:​​1996

Location:​​Baltimore,​​Maryland

Colors:​​Purple,​​Black​​and​​Gold

Mascot:​​Raven-​​A​​large​​scavenger​​bird​​having​​black​​plumage​​and​​a​​croaking​​cry.

Cincinnati​​​​Bengals

Division:​​AFC​​North

Founded:​​1968

Location:​​Cincinnati,​​Ohio

Colors:​​Black,​​Orange​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Bengal​​-​​A​​fierce​​tiger

Cleveland​​​​Browns

Division:​​AFC​​North

Founded:​​1946

Location:​​Cleveland,​​Ohio

Colors:​​Seal​​Brown,​​Orange​​and​​White

Mascot: A fan contest was conducted in 1946 to determine the name of the team, and the name

"Browns" was selected. (Possibly being named after its coach at the time, Paul Brown) The

coach was uncomfortable with the idea of having the team named after him, and stated publicly

that the new team was named after boxing champion Joe Louis, who was known then as the

"Brown​​Bomber."

Pittsburgh​​​​Steelers

Division:​​AFC​​North

Founded:​​1933

Location:​​Pittsburgh,​​Pennsylvania

Colors:​​Black,​​White​​and​​School-bus​​Yellow

Mascot:​​The​​team​​was​​renamed​​the​​―Steelers​​in​​1941​​after​​the​​city's​​prominent​​steel​​industry​​to

reflect​​the​​blue-collar​​work​​ethic​​of​​many​​Pittsburgh​​fans

Houston​​​​Texans

Division:​​AFC​​South

Founded:​​2002

Location:​​Houston,​​Texas

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colors deep steel blue battle red and liberty

Colors:​​Deep​​Steel​​Blue,​​Battle​​Red,​​and​​Liberty​​White

Mascot:​​Texans​​represent​​the​​spirit​​of​​the​​people​​of​​Texas.​​People​​who​​live​​in​​Texas​​are​​called

Texans.

Indianapolis​​​​Colts

Division:​​AFC​​South

Founded:​​1953

Location:​​Indianapolis,​​Indiana

Colors:​​Speed​​Blue​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Colt​​-​​A​​young​​male​​horse

Jacksonville​​​​Jaguars

Division:​​AFC​​South

Founded:​​1996

Location:​​Jacksonville,​​Florida

Colors:​​Teal,​​Black,​​and​​Gold

Mascot:​​Jaguar:​​a​​large​​spotted​​feline​​of​​tropical​​America​​similar​​to​​the​​leopard

Tennessee​​​​Titans

Division:​​AFC​​South

Founded:​​1960

Location:​​Nashville,​​Tennessee

Colors:​​Navy,​​Titans​​Blue,​​White,​​and​​Red

Mascot:​​Titans​​-​​originated​​from​​Greek​​mythology​​denoting​​something​​of​​enormous​​strength,

size​​and​​power

Denver​​​​Broncos

Division:​​AFC​​West

Founded:​​1960

Location:​​Denver,​​Colorado

Colors:​​Navy​​Blue,​​Orange,​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Bronco​​-​​A​​wild​​horse​​of​​western​​North​​America

Kansas​​​​City​​​​Chiefs

Division:​​AFC​​West

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founded 1960

Founded:​​1960

Location:​​Kansas​​City,​​Missouri

Colors:​​Red,​​Gold​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Chief​​-​​a​​leader​​of​​an​​Indian​​tribe,​​the​​logo​​on​​the​​helmet​​is​​in​​the​​shape​​of​​an

arrowhead

Oakland​​​​Raiders​​​​(Soon​​​​to​​​​be​​​​Las​​​​Vegas)

Division:​​AFC​​West

Founded:​​1960

Location:​​Oakland,​​California

Colors:​​Silver​​&​​Black

Mascot:​​Raider-​​A​​commando​​specially​​trained​​to​​participate​​in​​a​​surprise​​attack.

Los​​​​Angeles​​​​Chargers

Division:​​AFC​​West

Founded:​​1960

Location:​​Los​​Angeles,​​California

Colors:​​Navy​​Blue,​​Powder​​blue,​​White​​and​​Gold

Mascot:​​Lightning​​Bolt

Dallas​​​​Cowboys

Division:​​NFC​​East

Founded:​​1960

Location:​​Irving,​​Texas​​(suburb​​of​​Dallas)

Colors:​​Royal​​Blue,​​Navy​​Blue,​​Silver​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Cowboy:​​a​​man​​who​​herds​​and​​tends​​cattle​​on​​a​​ranch,​​and​​who​​traditionally​​goes​​about

most​​of​​his​​work​​on​​horseback.​​Logo​​on​​the​​helmet:​​Texas​​Star

New​​​​York​​​​Giants

Division:​​NFC​​East

Founded:​​1925

Location:​​East​​Rutherford,​​New​​Jersey

Colors:​​Royal​​Blue,​​Red,​​Gray​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Giant-​​a​​person​​or​​thing​​of​​unusually​​great​​size,​​power,​​importance...The​​logo​​in​​the

helmet​​stands​​for​​New​​York

Philadelphia​​​​Eagles

Division:​​NFC​​East

Founded:​​1933

Location:​​Philadelphia,​​Pennsylvania

Colors:​​Midnight​​Green,​​Black,​​White,​​and​​Silver

Mascot:​​Eagle​​-​​Predatory​​bird​​of​​prey.​​Logo​​of​​the​​helmet:​​eagle’s​​wings.

Washington​​​​Redskins

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division nfc east founded 1932 location landover

Division:​​NFC​​East

Founded:​​1932

Location:​​Landover,​​Maryland

Colors:​​Burgundy,​​Gold​​and​​White

Mascot:​​The​​name​​"Redskins"​​was​​in​​honor​​of​​the​​head​​coach​​in​​1932​​when​​the​​team​​was

located​​in​​Boston.​​(William​​Dietz,​​who​​was​​of​​part-Sioux​​descent)

Chicago​​​​Bears

Division:​​NFC​​North

Founded:​​1919

Location:​​Chicago,​​Illinois

Colors:​​Navy​​Blue,​​Orange​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Bear​​-​​Mighty​​beast​​of​​the​​forest.​​The​​helmet​​logo​​has​​a​​wishbone​​C​​on​​it​​to​​represent

the​​city​​of​​Chicago

Detroit​​​​Lions

Division:​​NFC​​North

Founded:​​1930

Location:​​Detroit,​​Michigan

Colors:​​Honolulu​​Blue,​​Silver,​​and​​Black

Mascot:​​Lion​​-​​King​​of​​the​​Jungle

Green​​​​Bay​​​​Packers

Division:​​NFC​​North

Founded:​​1919

Location:​​Green​​Bay,​​Wisconsin

Colors:​​Dark​​Green,​​Gold,​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Packers:​​The​​founder​​of​​the​​team​​(Curly​​Lambeau)​​solicited​​funds​​for​​uniforms​​from​​his

employer,​​the​​Indian​​Packing​​Company​​when​​starting​​the​​team​​in​​1919.​​He​​was​​given​​$500​​for

uniforms​​and​​equipment​​on​​the​​condition​​that​​the​​team​​be​​named​​for​​its

sponsor.​​The​​distinctive​​letter​​G​​on​​the​​helmet​​stands​​for​​―Green​​Bay.

Minnesota​​​​Vikings

Division:​​NFC​​North

Founded:​​1961

Location:​​Minneapolis,​​Minnesota

Colors:​​Purple,​​Gold​​and​​White

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mascot viking a scandinavian sea roving bandit

Mascot:​​Viking​​-​​a​​Scandinavian​​sea-roving​​bandit.​​The​​logo​​on​​the​​helmet​​is​​a​​Viking’s​​horn.

The​​other​​logo​​is​​a​​profile​​of​​a​​Viking.

Atlanta​​​​Falcons

Division:​​NFC​​South

Founded:​​1966

Location:​​Atlanta,​​Georgia

Colors:​​Black,​​Red,​​Silver,​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Falcon-​​a​​predatory​​bird​​of​​prey.

Carolina​​​​Panthers

Division:​​NFC​​South

Founded:​​1993

Location:​​Charlotte,​​North​​Carolina

Colors:​​Black,​​Panther​​Blue,​​and​​Silver

Mascot:​​Panther​​-​​a​​large​​predatory​​cat​​of​​North​​and​​South​​America

New​​​​Orleans​​​​Saints

Division:​​NFC​​South

Founded:​​1967

Location:​​New​​Orleans,​​Louisiana

Colors:​​Old​​Gold,​​Black,​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Saint:​​a​​person​​of​​great​​holiness,​​virtue.​​The​​fleur-de-lis​​on​​the​​helmet​​is​​a​​stylised

design​​of​​an​​iris​​flower​​which​​is​​used​​both​​decoratively​​and​​symbolically​​in​​the​​city​​of​​New

Orleans.

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tampa bay buccaneers division nfc south founded

Tampa​​​​Bay​​​​Buccaneers

Division:​​NFC​​South

Founded:​​1976

Location:​​Tampa,​​Florida

Colors:​​Buccaneer​​Red,​​Pewter,​​Black,​​and​​Orange

Mascot:​​Buccaneer-​​Same​​as​​a​​pirate.​​The​​logo​​on​​helmet​​is​​a​​pirate​​flag​​nicknamed,​​Skulls

and​​Swords

Arizona​​​​Cardinals

Division:​​NFC​​West

Founded:​​1898​​(Oldest​​Franchise)

Location:​​Glendale,​​Arizona​​(Suburb​​of​​Phoenix)

Colors:​​Cardinal​​Red,​​Black,​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Cardinal​​-​​A​​North​​American​​finch​​having​​a​​crested​​head,​​a​​short​​thick​​bill,​​and

bright​​red​​plumage​​in​​the​​male.

Los​​​​Angeles​​​​Rams

Division:​​NFC​​West

Founded:​​1936

Location:​​Los​​Angeles,​​CA

Colors:​​New​​Century​​Gold,​​Millennium​​Blue​​and​​White

Mascot:​​Ram​​-​​a​​male​​sheep​​who​​has​​horns​​used​​to​​batter​​other​​male​​rams...On​​the​​helmet

are​​the​​horns​​of​​a​​male​​ram.

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san francisco 49ers division nfc west founded

San​​​​Francisco​​​​49ers

Division:​​NFC​​West

Founded:​​1946

Location:​​San​​Francisco,​​California

Colors:​​Cardinal​​Red,​​Metallic​​Gold​​and​​Black

Mascot:​​A​​49er​​is​​an​​old​​term​​used​​to​​describe​​the​​people​​involved​​in​​the​​California​​gold​​rush​​of

1849.​​Many​​Americans​​moved​​West​​to​​pursue​​their​​fortunes​​in​​1849,​​hoping​​to​​strike​​gold...The

SF​​on​​the​​helmet​​stands​​for​​San​​Francisco.

Seattle​​​​Seahawks

Division:​​NFC​​West

Founded:​​1976

Location:​​Seattle,​​Washington

Colors:​​Pacific​​Blue,​​Navy​​Blue,​​Neon​​Green,​​White

Mascot:​​Seahawk​​-​​a​​fictional​​bird​​based​​on​​Northwest​​American​​tribal​​art.

Glossary

A

ACL- (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Often you’ll hear that an injured player has a ―torn ACL.

This is a common knee injury that requires surgery. The torn ligament must be entirely removed,

and​​a​​new​​ACL​​must​​be​​reconstructed​​using​​other​​healthy​​tissue

Agent- the individual who represents a player or coach in financial negotiations such as contract

negotiation​​or​​endorsement​​deals

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all pro a player who has gone to the pro bowl

All-Pro-​​A​​player​​who​​has​​gone​​to​​the​​Pro​​Bowl​​at​​some​​point​​in​​his​​career

Armchair quarterback- A term used to describe a home viewer that is opinionated on some

aspect​​of​​the​​football​​game.

Arthroscopic Surgery- A common surgery injured players undergo; examination of the interior of

a joint, such as the knee, using a type of endoscope that is inserted into the joint through a small

incision.

Artificial turf- A playing surface used in dome stadiums as well as some outdoor stadiums. There

are many degrees of artificial turf surface quality. Generally speaking, it plays faster than natural

grass, but players are more injury prone on it. Most of the newer turf technologies aim to

simulate grass surfaces as closely as possible, with some even containing rubber dirt mixed in

with​​the​​artificial​​grass.​​The​​feel​​of​​it​​is​​kind​​of​​like​​a​​doormat.

Audible-​​a​​play​​called​​by​​the​​quarterback​​at​​the​​line​​of​​scrimmage​​to​​change​​the​​play​​that​​was

called​​in​​the​​huddle

Away games- Games that are played in opposing team stadiums in other cities as opposed to

playing​​in​​one’s​​own​​home​​field

B

Bad​​Call​​–​​the​​perception​​that​​a​​call​​made​​on​​the​​field​​by​​a​​referee​​is​​incorrect.

Backup-​​Second​​string​​players​​who​​are​​there​​in​​case​​a​​starting​​player​​gets​​injured

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backfield the group of offensive players who line

Backfield- The group of offensive players who line up behind the line of scrimmage...The area

behind the offensive linemen...Example: The quarterback and running backs line up in the

backfield.

Ball control offense- a conservative offensive approach where running the football and passing

for short yardage are utilized. If successful it will take a lot of time off the clock (is time

consuming)​​and​​fatigues​​an​​opposing​​defense.

Ball Hawk- describes a defensive player who is aggressive in getting to the ball carrier and

making​​a​​tackle​​or​​breaking​​up​​a​​pass​​play​​to​​an​​intended​​receiver.

Berth-​​when​​a​​team​​gets​​into​​the​​playoffs​​they​​are​​said​​to​​have​​earned​​a​​playoff​​berth

Black out- When a football game is not sold-out, the NFL automatically stops the TV broadcast

from being shown in the local viewing area. If the game is a sell-out the black-out is said to be

lifted​​and​​the​​game​​will​​be​​shown​​on​​TV​​locally.

Blitz – An aggressive defensive formation where the emphasis is placed on rushing to the

quarterback​​to​​sack​​him​​or​​to​​disrupt​​his​​passing​​attempt​​by​​making​​him​​hurry​​his​​throw.

Block- A block is bulldoze like maneuver where a player will collide with another player head

on. There are rules as to what constitutes a legal block on the field, but generally all the action

happens in the front parts of the upper-body. A block can take place in many situations, and there

are many players on the field at all times who are busy blocking. The more common blocks are

used to: 1.) protect the quarterback from getting sacked, 2.) to lead block for a running back or a

receiver​​3.)​​Block​​on​​a​​special​​teams​​play.

Block in the back- A penalty that is assessed for hitting another player from behind. A block

must​​be​​done​​to​​the​​side​​of​​the​​player’s​​body​​(like​​a​​shoulder)​​or​​to​​the​​front.

Blocked kick- A player breaks through or jumps above a line of blockers and disrupts a field

goal​​by​​blocking​​it​​with​​his​​body.

Blocked​​punt-​​A​​player​​breaks​​through​​a​​line​​of​​blockers​​and​​disrupts​​a​​punt​​by​​blocking​​it​​with

his​​body.

Bowl games- Traditional college football sporting events. Bowl games take place after the

college football season ends, usually matching up the best college teams from each conference to

play each other. Teams that participate in Bowl games are selected through the BCS, earning a

Bowl​​bid.​​Bowl​​games​​create​​tremendous​​revenue​​and​​publicity​​for​​the​​participating​​schools.

Bracket-​​the​​way​​teams​​are​​matched​​up​​in​​the​​playoffs

Bye- when a team is either scheduled off during one week of the regular season, or when a team

has​​a​​week​​off​​for​​the​​first​​round​​of​​the​​playoffs

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c cadence before the snap occurs a cadence

C

Cadence- before the snap occurs a cadence is called out by the quarterback. He yells out loud so

everyone can hear the play he is calling. The cadence yelled out in code words that only the

offensive players can understand. Often the quarterback will try to make defense commit an

off-side penalty before the snap by fooling them with his cadence- in essence, mixing up when

he​​calls​​for​​the​​snap.

Call- a determination made by an official on the field; a play choice made by a coach on a series

of​​downs.

Call on the field stands- A statement made by a referee in regards to a challenged call. Means the

original call made was correct, and it also means the coach who challenged the call will lose a

time-out.

Call on the field is overturned- When an official says this, it is because the instant replay video

clearly shows that the call made on the field was incorrect. For a call to be overturned however,

there must be irrefutable evidence that the official made a mistake. In other words it has to be

visually obvious, without a doubt. If, when viewing the instant replay the camera angle is such

that the official has some doubt, it is said to be inconclusive evidence and therefore insufficient

to overturn (reverse) the call. Calls do get overturned on a fairly regular basis because it is not

always possible for the ref to be in the ideal position to view each and every play. Many times

the​​camera​​will​​catch​​things​​the​​official​​simply​​cannot​​see.

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calling for a measurement a request made

Calling for a measurement- A request made by a Head Coach or an Official to see if a first down

was achieved on an offensive play. Sometimes it is too close to tell with a quick visual glance if

a first down was achieved on a play. So a measurement is taken with an instrument called a first

down​​marker.

Center- The center’s job is to work in tandem with the quarterback by snapping the ball at the

quarterback’s request. After snapping the ball he must immediately block oncoming defensive

players. The center waits for the quarterback to give him the verbal signal or tap to snap the

football. The instant the center snaps the ball, the play has started. Is also member of the

Offensive​​Line.​​The​​Center​​snaps​​the​​ball​​to​​the​​QB

Challenge- When a coach disagrees with a call made on the field he may challenge it by

throwing a red flag. A coach is limited by how many challenges he may make in a game, and

will lose a time-out if he loses the challenge, so he must use it wisely. Often a coach will be

prompted to challenge a call by a member of his coaching staff that has access to instant replay.

The coach cannot challenge a call in the last two minutes of each half. In the last two minutes of

the 2nd & 4th Quarter, a challenge must be initiated and reviewed by the Replay Booth. When a

call is challenged, the referee goes to the sideline to view the instant replay for himself before

making​​a​​determination​​(decision).

Challenging the call- Refers to a challenge made by either the coach or the replay booth. A coach

may verbally challenge several calls made by an official during a game, but he only gets to throw

the​​red​​flag​​one​​time​​per​​half.

Cleats- Specialized shoes a player will wear in order to get more traction (grip) on the playing

field.​​There​​are​​small​​spikes​​on​​the​​bottoms​​(soles)​​of​​the​​shoe

Clipping-​​When​​a​​player​​throws​​his​​body​​across​​the​​back​​of​​an​​opponent’s​​leg​​or​​hits​​him​​from

the​​back​​below​​the​​waist,​​a​​penalty​​is​​called.

Coach-​​(see​​head​​coach)

Coach of the year- An honor bestowed on a head coach who has done a fantastic job with the

direction his team has taken. Usually is awarded to a coach who turns around a losing team into a

winning​​team​​upon​​his​​arrival.​​Is​​awarded​​to​​only​​one​​NFL​​coach,​​once​​a​​year.

Coaching staff- Supporting staff to the head coach. In addition to the Head coach there are

several specialized coaches for each position on the field- Quarterback coach, running back

coach,​​receiver​​coach​​etc.

Coast​​to​​coast-​​Running​​from​​one​​end​​zone​​to​​another,​​the​​full​​length​​of​​the​​field,​​and​​scoring

a​​touchdown.

College Football- Many of the same football rules in the pros apply to college as well, but there

are a few differences. A receiver has to have two feet in-bounds when receiving the ball whereas

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in college a player need only have one foot

in college a player need only have one foot in- bounds. And when a penalty is assessed on a

player in the pros, his number is disclosed over the loud speaker. In college this does not happen.

Also in college, the paying of players is illegal, including endorsement deals or receiving extra

money​​from​​the​​school​​for​​living​​expenses.

Color analyst- a color analyst is a television announcer who complements the play-by-play

announcer​​by​​adding​​commentary​​in​​between​​plays.

Coin toss- Representatives from each team gather in the middle of the field after the national

anthem and right before the kickoff for the toss. Determines which team will receive the ball by a

simple ―heads or tails verbal selection made by a designated player while the coin is tossed in

the air. If a team ―wins the toss they get to choose whether they would like to receive the ball or

kick the ball to the opposing team. The other team then gets to decide which side of the field they

would​​like​​to​​receive​​the​​ball.

Combine- A place where potential NFL players are evaluated and rated for their abilities during

the off-season. This information is taken into consideration by team scouts and used to evaluate a

player’s​​draft​​value.​​Various​​physical​​and​​intellectual​​tests​​are​​used​​to​​evaluate​​players.

Community relations- Most NFL teams have non-profit organizations they are partnered within

their area. At certain times of the year some players will volunteer time to assist these

organizations​​in​​reaching​​out​​to​​the​​community​​at​​large.

Completion- when a pass is thrown and caught by a receiver the pass is said to be a completion.

For​​a​​completion​​to​​occur​​the​​receiver​​must​​have​​the​​ball​​for​​at​​least​​a​​count​​of​​three.

Camaraderie- The friendly nature of professional football players coming together to play an

honest​​game.

Conditioning-​​A​​way​​to​​physically​​and​​mentally​​prepare​​players​​for​​the​​rigors​​of​​the​​long​​NFL

season. Conditioning happens year round for most players, and some have specific conditioning

requirements​​outlined​​in​​their​​contract,​​such​​as​​body​​weight​​restrictions.

Conference- The NFL is split and grouped into two conferences: NFC and AFC. There are 16

teams in each conference. The best team in each conference will play each other in the Super

Bowl.

Conference​​record-​​The​​measurement​​of​​wins​​and​​losses​​in​​a​​team’s​​given​​conference.

Contention-​​striving​​to​​win​​in​​competition,​​specifically​​the​​playoffs.

Contract negotiation – When a player, an agent and a football organization are in the process of

spelling​​out​​the​​specific​​terms​​of​​the​​salary​​the​​player​​will​​earn.

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cornerback cb the defensive player who is there

Cornerback (CB)- The defensive player who is there to break-up or intercept the pass. Covers

receivers as they run down field and tackles or assists in tackling an offensive player who is in

the backfield. In general, cornerbacks are swift and very athletic, but are not the biggest players

on​​the​​field.

Cover-​​to​​cover​​someone​​means​​to​​defend​​the​​player​​closely,​​to​​stay​​aware​​of​​where​​he​​is​​on

the​​field​​at​​all​​times.

Cover​​Two-​​A​​zone-style​​defensive​​formation

Creating​​a​​turnover-​​when​​a​​defense​​or​​special​​teams​​unit​​causes​​a​​fumble​​or​​an​​interception​​to

happen

Crossing the plane- To score a touchdown, the nose of the football must cross the goal-line. If a

player is struggling to get into the end-zone and manages to simply extend the football past the

goal-line, a touchdown is scored even if the player’s entire body is not in the end-zone. There is

an imaginary invisible line called the plane that runs from left to right from one orange cone to

the other on each side of the goal line. The line judge watches intently to see if the player did

indeed​​cross​​the​​plane​​with​​the​​ball.

Cut​​–​​there​​are​​two​​meanings:​​to​​release​​a​​player​​from​​the​​team​​and​​―making​​a​​cut‖​​(see

―making​​a​​cut).

D

Dead​​Ball-​​the​​ball​​is​​not​​in​​play​​and​​the​​game​​clock​​has​​stopped-​​no​​action​​may​​commence.

Decibel​​level-​​The​​level​​of​​volume​​created​​in​​a​​stadium​​during​​a​​game.​​Crowd​​noise​​is​​often

compared​​to​​the​​noise​​created​​by​​a​​jet​​plane​​or​​a​​chainsaw.

Defense-​​The​​unit​​on​​the​​field​​whose​​mission​​is​​to​​stop​​the​​offense​​from​​gaining​​positive

yardage​​and​​scoring​​points.

Defensive​​Back-​​The​​players​​of​​the​​defensive​​secondary,​​namely​​cornerbacks​​and​​safeties.

Defensive Coordinator- the defensive coordinator is an assistant to the head coach who

specializes​​in​​defensive​​strategy.

Defensive End (DE)- A member of the defense who plays at each end of the defensive line.

Defensive​​ends​​are​​fast,​​strong​​and​​huge.​​The​​are​​usually​​the​​players​​who​​apply​​pressure​​to

the​​quarterback​​but​​they​​also​​can​​stop​​the​​run​​and​​make​​tackles​​on​​the​​field.

Defensive linemen - These players line up opposite the offensive line. Their basic job is to rush

the quarterback to hopefully get a sack, or to stop the run. They have to contend with massive

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offensive lineman to achieve this which

offensive lineman to achieve this, which is no small feat. These players are huge, very strong and

athletic-​​ranging​​from​​290-320​​pounds.

Delay of game- this penalty is assessed when the play clock expires (goes to zero) before an

offense​​can​​snap​​the​​ball​​to​​start​​the​​play.

Dime​​package​​–​​a​​popular​​Defensive​​formation

Direct​​ticket-​​a​​satellite​​service​​that​​enables​​you​​watch​​every​​NFL​​game​​every​​week.​​Is​​offered

through​​Direct-TV​​satellite​​company.

Disciples- there are a select few coaches in the NFL past and present who are considered

master-minds of the game. They possess a unique approach in the way they coach, and in their

overall philosophy. A disciple is a coach who was once on the coaching staff of one of these

masterminds.

Division-​​Every​​NFL​​team​​is​​grouped​​into​​a​​division.​​Each​​division​​has​​four​​teams.​​NFC

Divisions:​​North,​​South,​​East,​​West.​​AFC​​Divisions:​​North,​​South,​​East,​​West.

Division​​record-​​Describes​​the​​wins​​and​​losses​​a​​team​​has​​within​​their​​own​​division.​​This​​is

really the most important win-loss category for an NFL team because it will ultimately determine

which teams will go to the playoffs and which will not. At least one team from each NFL

division​​will​​go​​to​​the​​playoffs.

Dome-​​An​​enclosed​​stadium​​which​​has​​no​​outdoor​​element.​​The​​game​​is​​played​​entirely​​indoors

Double​​overtime-​​this​​happens​​when​​two​​teams​​have​​gone​​into​​overtime​​and​​neither​​has​​scored

by​​the​​time​​the​​game​​clock​​has​​expired.

Doubtful​​–​​denotes​​the​​injury​​status​​of​​a​​player.​​Doubtful​​means​​there​​is​​about​​a​​25%​​chance

the​​player​​will​​play​​in​​the​​game.

Down- When an offense first gets the ball, they get a fresh set of four downs: 1st down, 2nd

down, 3rd down, 4th down. Each down is an allotted chance and attempt to gain positive

yardage. The goal on every single down is to gain the yards necessary to get another first down

and therefore another fresh set of downs. An offense can continue to stay on the field as long as

it​​can​​move​​forward​​in​​this​​manner,​​or​​until​​a​​touchdown​​is​​scored.

Draft- the system that is in place for NFL teams to select players out of college football- it occurs

one​​time​​a​​year​​in​​the​​off-season.

Draft Pick- Each team is allotted a draft selection called a pick. There are 255 draft picks in the

NFL​​draft.

Draft​​Day-​​The​​day​​when​​the​​NFL​​draft​​occurs

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dropped balls passes that went incomplete

Dropped​​balls-​​passes​​that​​went​​incomplete.​​The​​ball​​was​​passed​​to​​a​​receiver,​​and​​the

receiver​​was​​not​​able​​to​​maintain​​possession​​of​​the​​football.

Drive-​​this​​term​​describes​​a​​current​​or​​completed​​offensive​​series.

Drug suspension- a punishment doled out by the NFL to a player for the use of banned

substances such as steroids or marijuana. Players are given random urine tests. A drug

suspension​​carries​​a​​hefty​​fine​​and​​the​​player​​is​​forced​​to​​miss​​several​​games.

Dumping Gatorade/ice water- No one knows where exactly this tradition started, but when a

coach has Gatorade or ice water dumped on him it is actually a very flattering gesture of respect

made by his team towards him. The coach is said to be so hot that someone has to put the fire

out.

E

Eating up the clock- Describes a team that is taking a long time to run its plays and therefore the

game clock is getting closer and closer to zero. Eating up the clock would be useful for a team

that has the lead in the fourth quarter and does not want to give the other team a chance to get the

ball​​back​​on​​offense​​and​​score​​points.

Ejection-​​when​​a​​player​​or​​coach​​is​​ordered​​to​​leave​​the​​playing​​field​​by​​a​​ref.​​This​​usually​​will

only happen if there is a grievous penalty committed by a player, like starting a fight or punching

an​​official.

Encroachment- When a player crosses the line of scrimmage and makes contact with an

opponent​​before​​the​​ball​​is​​snapped,​​a​​penalty​​is​​called.​​Is​​similar​​to​​the​​offside​​penalty,​​the

difference​​being​​that​​actual​​contact​​is​​made.

Endorsement deal- a lucrative financial contract a corporation has with a certain player or team

to​​represent​​their​​product​​either​​on​​the​​field​​or​​in​​a​​commercial​​advertisement.

End zone- The area of the field were a touchdown is scored. There are two end zones on the

football field and they are each located at opposite ends of the field, hence the term, end-zone.

During a game, the ultimate goal of any offense is to get into the end-zone as many times as

possible.

ESPN-​​A​​channel​​devoted​​entirely​​to​​broadcasting​​and​​reporting​​on​​sporting​​events.

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establishing the run to set up the pass there

Establishing the run...to set up the pass- There is a common theory held in football that that in

order for a passing game to be effective, the running game must be successful first. It is a valid

theory,​​but​​many​​teams​​abandon​​the​​run​​and​​favor​​the​​pass​​when​​game​​situations​​become​​dire.

Execution- Execution is a very important part of being a successful NFL team and player. It is

simply doing one’s job and playing one’s assigned role with precision and consistency while

committing few mistakes. For example, successful receivers execute well by running good routes

and​​catching​​passes​​that​​are​​thrown​​to​​them.

Expansion​​Team-​​A​​team​​that​​was​​added​​to​​the​​NFL

Extra Point- An attempt to add 1 point after a team scores a touchdown. This is done by the field

goal​​kicker,​​and​​is​​almost​​always​​successful​​due​​to​​the​​relatively​​short​​distance​​of​​the​​kick.

F

Facemask- a penalty assessed for grabbing the facemask of another player. This can of course

cause a player much harm. There are two different kinds of facemask penalties: accidental and

intentional. It is up to the referee to decide if a player grabbed the facemask on accident or if he

willfully​​tried​​to​​cause​​another​​player​​harm.

False start- A commonly occurring penalty assessed on the offense for moving prior to the ball

being snapped. Usually is called on an offensive lineman or a tight end. All that has to happen is

a small flinch by an offensive player for this to be called. Every player that is lined up on the line

of scrimmage must remain absolutely motionless until the ball is snapped. The only exception is

the​​quarterback​​himself​​or​​if​​a​​player,​​(such​​as​​a​​receiver)​​is​​in​​motion.

Fair Catch- a signal made by a punt return specialist declaring that he will not run the ball after

catching it. He calls out to the referee and the opposing special teams players that he does not

wish to run the ball. Instead he will catch the ball and have it spotted at the yard line where he

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catches it the return specialist declares a fair

catches it. The return specialist declares a fair catch by waving one arm in the air. This is the

right thing to do sometimes because either the coverage is very good and he will be hit

immediately after catching the ball (and possibly risk losing the ball) or the punt is difficult to

catch.

Fan-​​A​​person​​who​​enjoys​​watching​​the​​game

Fanatic- A more extreme version of the fan; a person who cheers for his or her team with

extreme​​zeal

Fantasy​​football-​​See​​Chapter​​5:​​“Overtime”

Favorite-​​The​​team​​who​​is​​predicted​​to​​win​​the​​game.

Field-​​where​​the​​game​​is​​played.​​This​​often​​used​​term​​is​​short​​for​​football​​field.

Field Correspondent- a member of the television broadcast team who conducts live interviews

with players and coaches on the field and gives periodic game reports such as player injuries and

weather​​conditions.

Field goal- a field goal is kicked by the place-kicker and if successful, results in three points. To

be successful the ball must be kicked in somewhere in between the goal-post. On a field goal

play the ball is snapped to the place-holder. The place-holder holds the ball in place for the

kicker while the offensive line blocks. The choice to kick a field goal is usually made when a

team is in a fourth down situation and the ball is in field goal range. A team almost always will

try to get points on a drive if a touchdown is not scored. The next best thing to scoring a

touchdown​​is​​making​​a​​field​​goal.

Field Goal range- when an offense has moved the ball to a certain point down the field, they are

said​​to​​be​​in​​field​​goal​​range.​​This​​means​​a​​field​​goal​​kick​​is​​doable​​and​​likely​​to​​be​​successful.

Field​​judge-​​a​​referee​​who​​monitors​​the​​backfield​​on​​any​​given​​play.

Field position- The place on the field where the ball is at any given time. You’ll usually hear

something like, that is really good (or bad) field position. This is all in relation to how far or

close​​a​​team​​is​​to​​scoring​​a​​touchdown​​on​​the​​field.

Finding the hole/the lane- When the offensive and defensive lines collide after the snap, gaps are

created in between them. A running back will try to run through these gaps after getting the

handoff. If successful he will run forward for positive yardage. If not, he will be tackled at or

near​​the​​line​​of​​scrimmage.

First Down- The first in a set of four downs. A new set of four downs automatically occurs when

a first down is achieved by an offense. A first down keeps the offense moving down the field en

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route to scoring a touchdown this is also called

route to scoring a touchdown. This is also called, keeping the drive alive. Aside from scoring a

touchdown,​​the​​offensive​​objective​​on​​every​​play​​is​​to​​achieve​​a​​first​​down.

First and Goal- when a team is under 10 yards away from the opposing team’s end-zone. There

are no more chances to achieve a first down at this point. The team will only have four chances

(downs)​​to​​score,​​unless​​a​​penalty​​occurs.

First and ten- When a team moves the ball past the first down marker they have achieved a first

down. Whenever a team gets a first down, it is automatically reset to 1st and 10...The first out of

four​​chances​​to​​gain​​ten​​yards​​to​​get​​another​​first​​down.

First down marker- The first down marker is a bright orange piece of equipment that keeps track

of how far an offense has to go to gain a first down on any given play. It is kept on the sidelines

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at all times and there is one on each side

at all times, and there is one on each side of the field. When a first down is achieved, the marker

is automatically moved down the field ten yards from the exact spot where the ball is placed on

the field at the line of scrimmage. It is the only visual reference players have on the field to know

how​​far​​they​​have​​to​​go​​to​​gain​​a​​first​​down.

Flea-Flicker- The flea flicker is a fun trick play to watch. The quarterback hands the ball the

running back and so it looks like a running play is happening. Before the runner gets to the line

of scrimmage he turns around and tosses the ball back to the quarterback and the quarterback

throws​​the​​ball​​to​​a​​receiver​​who​​is​​usually​​deep​​down​​the​​field.

Football​​-​​The​​ball​​used​​in​​American​​football​​has​​a​​pointed​​prolate​​spheroid​​(also​​known​​as

vesica​​piscis)​​shape,​​and​​has​​a​​large​​set​​of​​stitches​​along​​one​​side.

Formation- a formation is the way an offense or defense is aligned on the field just before a play

begins.​​Each​​player​​is​​in​​the​​spot​​that​​the​​play​​calls​​for​​them​​to​​be​​in.

Fourth and inches- You will hear this whenever a team is in a fourth down situation and is less

than a yard away from achieving a first down. They must then decide whether to go for it or to

punt​​the​​ball​​away.

Franchise-​​another​​term​​used​​to​​describe​​an​​NFL​​team

Free agent- a player who is not under contract by an NFL team. He is free to be signed and play

for any team who wishes to retain his services. There are 3 types of free agents: unrestricted,

restricted​​and​​un-drafted.

Free​​agent​​acquisition-​​when​​a​​team​​signs​​a​​free​​agent​​to​​a​​contract​​and​​makes​​him​​a​​member​​of

their​​team.

Fullback- a sizable player whose primary role is to block for the running back. The fullback can

receive and run the ball however and usually does get in the action at some point during the

game. A big fullback may be used to bust through the line to get a tough yard or two for a first

down, or to score a touchdown when close to the goal-line. Usually a big-bodied, powerhouse

runner can muscle his way ahead for the needed yardage. A fullback is sometimes used as a last

option for the quarterback to throw to when no other receivers are open. Fullbacks mostly line up

in formation next to the running back in the backfield behind the quarterback in what is called a

two​​back​​set.

Fumble- occurs whenever the football is lost from a player’s grasp after first having possession

of the ball for at least a count of three. When the ball is lost it is said to be a live football. A

fumble has the potential to become a turnover if the opposing team recovers the ball. One rule to

remember is, the ground cannot cause a fumble. If a player falls to the ground and upon hitting

the ground full force the ball pops out, it is not a fumble because the ground caused the player to

lose​​possession.

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g game clock the official time keeping instrument

G

Game​​clock-​​the​​official​​time​​keeping​​instrument​​used​​in​​a​​football​​game.

Game Plan- during the week, a team will prepare for an upcoming opponent by designing a game

plan. The game plan consists of specific plays a team thinks will be most effective against the

opponent they are playing. Things like the strengths and weaknesses of the other team are

considered​​in​​preparation.

Gang​​Tackle-​​When​​several​​defenders​​swarm​​to​​the​​ball​​carrier​​and​​bring​​him​​down

Get to the Quarterback- This statement describes how important it is for a defense to apply

pressure​​to​​the​​quarterback​​in​​order​​to​​disrupt​​his​​passing​​attempts

Getting​​invited​​to​​the​​Dance-​​another​​way​​of​​saying​​that​​a​​team​​has​​made​​it​​into​​the​​playoffs

G.M. (General Manager)- An individual appointed to run the overall operations of a football

team, including administrative and personnel duties. Sometimes a club has a coach who is also

the​​G.M.,​​and​​some​​clubs​​do​​not​​have​​a​​GM​​at​​all.

Giveaway takeaway ratio (+/-) - This key stat measures turnovers. How many a times a team

gave away the ball to the other team via an interception or fumble, and how many times the ball

was​​taken​​by​​them​​via​​interception​​or​​fumble.

Goal​​line-​​the​​line​​that​​sits​​at​​the​​threshold​​of​​the​​end-zone;​​The​​gateway​​to​​scoring​​a​​touchdown.

Goal line stand- A grudge match on the goal line of the end zone. The defense digs in to stop the

offense​​and​​the​​offense​​tries​​to​​punch​​it​​through.

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goal post situated to the rear of the end zone

Goal-post- situated to the rear of the end-zone, the goal post is there for kickers to kick field

goals​​and​​extra​​points​​through.

Going For It- you’ll hear this phrase in fourth down situations when a team opts to pass or run

the​​ball​​instead​​of​​punting​​or​​kicking​​a​​field​​goal.

Going down to the wire- a game that will be won or lost in the last minutes and seconds of

regulation

Gridiron-​​another​​name​​for​​the​​football​​field

Guard- A guard is a member of the offensive line whose job is to protect (guard) the quarterback

from oncoming defensive players, and to block (see open holes) for the running backs. These

men are the largest players on the field, and are usually the strongest as well. An NFL guard can

range​​anywhere​​from​​300-400​​pounds.

H

Half- a game is divided into two halves: 1st half and 2nd half. Each half has two 15 minute

quarters​​and​​so​​each​​half​​is​​30​​minutes​​of​​game​​clock​​time.

Halftime- the period of time taken after the first two quarters expire. Halftime is the middle point

of a game when players leave the field and go to their respective locker-rooms to regroup, rest,

and refine their plans for the second-half of the game. Halftime lasts for 12 minutes of game

clock​​time.

Hall of fame- located in Canton, Ohio, this museum-type facility honors and memorializes NFL

players and coaches who were the best of the best while they were active players. A bronze

statue is created in the likeness of the player or coach with a written synopsis of his

achievements. These individuals are voted in through an extremely rigorous process, and most

NFL personnel will not get voted in. For a player to be considered for the Hall of Fame he must

be​​inactive​​from​​the​​game​​of​​football​​for​​at​​least​​5​​years.

Hail Mary- A term used to describe a very long throw down field. The ball is thrown as high and

far as the quarterback can throw it and the receiver(s) will jump up in the air to catch it. This play

is not usually successful because the defense disrupts the pass and the receiver from catching it.

It​​is​​considered​​a​​last​​ditch​​effort​​desperation​​play.

Hand-off-​​When​​the​​quarterback​​gives​​the​​ball​​to​​the​​running​​back

Hash​​Mark-​​a​​line​​indicating​​how​​close​​to​​the​​sideline​​a​​football​​may​​be​​at​​the​​start​​of​​a​​play

Head Coach- The individual who is the sovereign leader of the football team. In military terms

he would be the general who leads the troops into battle. The Head Coach is given control of the

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team and will decide the direction a team will

team and will decide the direction a team will go on many different levels. He is the main

strategist, decision-maker, play-caller and personnel appointer. In many ways a football game

could​​be​​seen​​as​​a​​kind​​of​​chess​​match​​between​​two​​head​​coaches.

Headquarters- Where the actual offices of the team reside and usually the team’s practice facility

as​​well.

Helmet-​​The​​protective​​device​​players​​use​​to​​protect​​their​​heads​​from​​injury

Heisman​​trophy-​​an​​award​​given​​to​​the​​best​​college​​athlete​​in​​the​​NCAA​​one​​time​​per​​year.

Highlights​​–​​The​​best​​and​​most​​entertaining​​video​​clips​​from​​around​​the​​NFL

Highlight reel- You may hear someone say, that play is destined to make the Highlight reel. This

means that an individual player has made such an outstanding demonstration of athletic ability or

coordination that it will be shown on virtually every sportscast in America for that week. His feat

will​​be​​played​​over​​and​​over​​for​​all​​to​​see​​and​​appreciate.

HIKE!! Or HUTT-HUTT!!: A phrase called out by the quarterback at the end of cadence;

prompts​​the​​center​​to​​snap​​the​​ball​​to​​him​​and​​begin​​the​​play.

Holder –the player who holds the ball in place for the kicker after receiving the snap. The holder

comes​​out​​for​​the​​kicker​​on​​field​​goals​​and​​extra​​point​​attempts​​only.

Holding- holding is one of the most common penalties you will see called during a game.

Holding can occur on either side of the ball (offense or defense or on a special teams play). In

essence, one player will hold on to another player illegally and prevent him in some way from

proceeding. In offensive holding for example, an offensive lineman might try to hold on to a

defensive lineman to prevent him from sacking the quarterback. That might happen if the

offensive lineman got beat from the speed or move that the defender made to get past him. In

defensive holding, a defender might hold onto a receiver who blows by him while running his

route. The defender is holding in this case to prevent a big play from happening. There are many

situations​​where​​a​​holding​​penalty​​will​​be​​called.

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holdout when a player withholds his services from

Holdout- when a player withholds his services from a team. Usually occurs during contract

negotiations. The rationale behind a holdout is that if the player is highly valued by a team, the

team​​will​​have​​more​​incentive​​to​​pay​​the​​player​​what​​he​​and​​his​​agent​​feel​​he​​is​​worth.

Home​​field-​​The​​place​​where​​a​​team​​plays​​half​​of​​their​​games​​in​​the​​NFL​​season-​​is​​located​​in

or​​just​​outside​​the​​city​​that​​the​​team​​represents.

Home-field advantage- when a game is played on a team’s Home Field, they are said to have an

advantage due to the familiarity with the field itself and because the crowd is cheering for them

and is loudly opposed to the visiting team. Crowd noise factors into the Home Field advantage

scenario. The louder the crowd noise is, the harder the offense will have running quality plays.

The quarterback will have difficulty calling out plays to his offense because the noise is greater

than his audible play-calling can possibly get, and the offensive players will have difficulty

hearing him. Crowd noise is also thought to psyche-up the defense- in essence giving them more

energy​​to​​stop​​the​​offense​​or​​to​​create​​a​​turnover.

Huddle- a gathering of players to discuss an upcoming play and to clarify what role each player

will play, or how to improve. It is common for the offense and defense to huddle up on each and

every​​play​​to​​strategize.

Hurdle-​​Jumping​​over​​a​​defender​​or​​a​​downed​​player

Hurry-​​when​​a​​quarterback​​is​​chased​​out​​of​​the​​pocket​​by​​the​​defense.

Hurry-Up Offense - An offensive strategy designed to gain as much yardage as possible while

running​​as​​little​​time​​off​​the​​clock​​as​​possible.​​Often​​involves​​making​​plays​​without​​a​​huddle.

I

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i formation a formation that includes a fullback

I formation- A formation that includes a fullback and tailback lined up with the fullback directly

in​​front​​of​​the​​tailback

Icing the kicker- when a timeout is called before a kicker attempts to kick a field goal. It is hoped

that​​this​​will​​cause​​him​​to​​be​​intimidated​​and​​to​​make​​an​​error​​because​​of​​the​​mounting​​pressure

If the playoffs were to start today- you’ll hear this comment by an announcer usually around the

last few games of the regular season. This is just speculation about who the best teams are in

each conference and how the playoff picture would look if the post season was to begin at that

moment​​in​​time.

Incomplete pass- if a pass is thrown from the quarterback to a receiver and the ball either misses

the receiver or the receiver drops the ball, it is an incomplete pass. A receiver must have

possession​​of​​the​​ball​​for​​at​​least​​three​​counts​​before​​it​​is​​ruled​​a​​completion.

In motion- Often you will see a running back, receiver or tight end move around the backfield

while the quarterback is in cadence. One or more players will reshuffle themselves by lining up

in another spot just before the play begins. This is designed to trick or surprise the defense by

confusing​​them.

In the grasp- this penalty is called when a quarterback is in the grasp of a defender and about to

be sacked. While going down, the quarterback tries to get rid of the ball by frantically throwing it

away. This is sometimes allowed, but for the penalty to be called there must be no receiver

anywhere​​near​​where​​the​​ball​​is​​thrown.

Inconclusive evidence- you’ll hear this term used in regards to instant replay. The instant replay

video did not provide enough visual evidence to overturn a call. In other words there are some

doubts that linger even after viewing the instant replay video and so the call that was made on the

field​​stands.

Infraction-​​a​​violation​​of​​the​​rules

Injury Report- The list of injured players a team has from week to week. It is an NFL mandate

that the injury report be released and made public. The injury report is updated weekly and

includes the categories of injured, doubtful, questionable, probable and likely, which describe a

player’s​​status​​and​​ability​​to​​play​​in​​the​​upcoming​​game.

Injured reserve- when a player gets injured and cannot play, a team can place him on injured

reserve without fear of losing the player to another team. A team can keep only a limited number

of players on injured reserve (IR) at any given time and there are rules about when a player can

return​​to​​the​​field​​after​​being​​placed​​on​​IR.

Instant​​Replay-​​a​​video​​clip​​of​​a​​play​​that​​recently​​occurred.

INT-​​abbreviation​​for​​Interception

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interception when a defensive player interferes

Interception-​​when​​a​​defensive​​player​​interferes​​with​​a​​pass​​by​​catching​​the​​ball​​instead​​of​​the

intended​​target.​​An​​interception​​is​​also​​called​​a​​turn-over,​​because​​the​​ball​​is​​turned​​over​​to​​the

team​​who​​intercepts​​it.

Intentional grounding- when a quarterback throws the ball away usually to avoid getting sacked-

there is no receiver close to where the ball is thrown. A QB can throw the ball away but there

must be an eligible receiver close to the spot the ball is thrown. This is similar to the in the grasp

penalty​​with​​the​​difference​​being​​that​​the​​quarterback​​is​​not​​in​​the​​grasp​​of​​a​​defender.

Irrefutable evidence- you’ll hear this phrase used in regards to an instant replay challenge. There

must be clear visual evidence from viewing instant replay for a call made on the field to be

overturned. Irrefutable means it is impossible to deny or disprove. There are times when the

instant replay angle is such that the visual evidence is not strong enough for the call to be

overturned.

J

Jerseys- The uniform shirts that players wear. Each player has a number on the front and back of

his jersey and his last name is printed on the back. There are two versions of the jersey- one is

darker in color and one is lighter. The home team has the right to choose whether they will wear

the darker or the lighter jersey. If the home team chooses to wear a dark jersey, the visiting team

must wear their light jersey, and vice-versa. According to NFL rules a player’s jersey must be

tucked​​in​​at​​all​​times.

Juke- when a player shakes off a defender by making a quick left-to-right fake. The defender is

not sure which way the offensive player is going to go and so he causes the defender to miss

making​​the​​tackle.

K

Key Stats- game statistics that are considered to be the most important factors in a game, such as

passing,​​running,​​turnovers,​​etc.

Kickoff- a kickoff happens at the beginning of the game and of the second half, and after every

score, whether a touchdown or field goal. The kicker places the ball on a tee, and the special

teams players line up along side him for the kick. They can only run downfield after the ball is

kicked

Kicking​​team-​​The​​team​​that​​is​​kicking​​the​​football​​to​​the​​opposing​​team

Kneeling​​the​​ball-​​kneeling​​the​​ball​​is​​used​​in​​the​​following​​situations:​​1.)​​when​​a​​player​​receives

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a punt or a kickoff in the end zone and wishes

a punt or a kickoff in the end-zone and wishes to create a touchback rather than take the chance

or​​running​​the​​ball.​​2.)​​when​​an​​offense​​kneels​​the​​ball​​to​​run​​out​​the​​clock

Knocking​​on​​the​​door-​​when​​an​​offense​​is​​close​​or​​has​​gotten​​close​​to​​scoring​​a​​touchdown

L

Last second victory- denotes that the game winning points were scored, in the last remaining

seconds​​of​​regulation.

Lateral- a lateral is a toss of the ball to the side or behind. It is not a forward pass. A lateral is

used as a way to keep a play alive. Any player that has the ball on offense or defense can legally

throw a lateral to another player from anywhere on the field, even while being tackled. The only

rule​​is​​that​​the​​ball​​cannot​​be​​tossed​​or​​thrown​​forward.

Lead​​blocker-​​a​​player​​who​​blocks​​for​​a​​runner,​​while​​the​​running​​back​​is​​behind​​him.​​The​​lead

blocker clears the way for the running back. Often times a lead blocker will be a fullback or an

offensive​​lineman.

League-​​Another​​term​​used​​to​​describe​​the​​NFL

Line​​–​​abbreviation​​for​​line​​of​​scrimmage;​​offensive​​and​​defensive​​linemen.

Line of scrimmage- an imaginary line crossing the football field beyond which a team cannot

cross until the next play has begun. Its location is based on the spot where the ball is placed after

the end of the most recent play and following the assessment of any penalty yards. A line of

scrimmage touches one edge of the ball where it sits on the ground prior to the snap. There are

actually two lines of scrimmage at the outset of each play: one that restricts the offense and one

that restricts the defense. The area between the two lines (representing the length of the ball as

extended​​to​​both​​sidelines)​​is​​called​​the​​neutral​​zone.

Line​​Judge-​​the​​referee​​who​​monitors​​the​​line​​of​​scrimmage​​on​​any​​given​​play.

Linebacker​​(LB)-​​Linebackers​​are​​members​​of​​the​​defensive​​team​​that​​line​​up​​approximately​​five

to seven yards behind the line of scrimmage, behind the defensive line. In this way they reinforce

or back the line. The linebacker is often the most feared player on the defensive side of the ball

and​​is​​considered​​the​​ideal​​blend​​of​​size,​​strength,​​ferocity,​​speed​​and​​overall​​athleticism.

Live football- the football is said to be live when it has been fumbled and can be recovered by

the​​opposing​​team​​for​​a​​turnover.

Locker room- each team has an assigned locker room within the stadium during a game. It is

where players get dressed and taped up and where they convene before, during and after the

game.

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logo the icon or symbol used to identify

Logo-​​the​​icon​​or​​symbol​​used​​to​​identify​​a​​particular​​NFL​​team

Lombardi Trophy- the Lombardi trophy is the ultimate prize- the reward a team receives for

winning the Super Bowl. Vince Lombardi was a legendary coach who coached for the Green

Bay​​Packers.

Long​​Snapper-​​a​​member​​of​​the​​special​​teams​​who​​specializes​​in​​snapping​​the​​ball​​on​​punts

and​​field​​goals.

Lost it in the light- when you hear this statement, the player lost sight of the football while it was

in mid air, traveling towards him via a pass or punt. Either the sunlight or the Stadium lights

were so bright that they caused the ball to be lost momentarily. You’ll hear this sometimes as a

reason​​a​​player​​was​​unable​​to​​catch​​a​​ball​​that​​was​​headed​​his​​way.

Losing​​streak-​​when​​a​​team​​has​​lost​​more​​than​​one​​consecutive​​game​​in​​a​​row.

M

Making​​a​​cut-​​when​​a​​player​​moves​​abruptly​​to​​the​​right​​or​​left​​while​​running​​forward.​​Making

a​​cut​​is​​either​​done​​to​​shake​​an​​oncoming​​defender​​or​​to​​move​​through​​an​​open​​hole​​that

a​​running​​back​​has​​spotted.

Making the cut - When a player has successfully made it on the 53 man active roster for that year

versus​​being​​let​​go.

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making a play for the ball when an offensive

Making a play for the ball- when an offensive or defensive player aggressively tries to gain

possession of the football while it is in the air. The receiver wants a reception, the defender

wants​​an​​interception.

Maintain the lead- when a team is winning by a certain number of points in a game, they will try

to maintain that lead as best they can by either stopping the opponent from scoring or by scoring

more​​points​​themselves.

Man​​on​​man​​defense-​​a​​defensive​​scheme​​where​​a​​defender​​covers​​one​​offensive​​player​​in

particular,​​instead​​of​​covering​​a​​zone​​on​​the​​field.

Matchup- a term used to describe two teams that will play each other, or two players that will

face​​each​​other​​on​​the​​field.

Mathematically in/out of the playoffs- a statement that is often heard near the end of the regular

season​​that​​describes​​a​​wildcard​​team’s​​chances​​of​​making​​or​​failing​​to​​make​​the​​playoffs.

Merch-​​abbreviation​​for​​merchandise

Mid-field​​-​​The​​middle​​of​​the​​football​​field;​​the​​50​​yard​​line;​​where​​the​​coin​​toss​​takes​​place

Middle-of-the​​road-​​a​​team​​that​​has​​lost​​as​​many​​games​​as​​it​​has​​won.​​(8-8)​​Also​​referred

to​​as​​a​​.500​​team.

Mini-camp-​​A​​time​​in​​the​​off-season​​when​​a​​team​​will​​assemble​​to​​touch​​base​​and​​outline

objectives​​for​​the​​upcoming​​season.​​Usually​​happens​​in​​Spring.

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mobility the ability of a quarterback to move

Mobility-​​The​​ability​​of​​a​​quarterback​​to​​move​​around​​in​​the​​pocket,​​elude​​defenders​​and​​to

run​​down​​the​​field​​if​​he​​has​​to.

Momentum- when a game turns there is said to be a momentum change. The game suddenly is

going in a new direction. A turnover, touchdown, block, sack can all represent momentum

changes​​for​​a​​team,​​giving​​them​​the​​spark​​needed​​to​​turn​​the​​game​​in​​their​​favor.

Moving the Chains- a statement made in regards to a successful offensive series. This means the

offense was able to move the first down markers down the field. The first down markers have

chains​​linked​​between​​them,​​thus​​the​​phrase,​​moving​​the​​chains.

Muff​​-​​loose​​ball​​that​​is​​dropped​​or​​mishandled​​while​​the​​player​​is​​attempting​​to​​gain​​Possession.

MVP- Most Valuable Player...Only one player per year is given this ultimate honor. He is the

Most​​Valuable​​Player​​to​​his​​team​​and​​the​​most​​consistently​​effective​​player​​in​​the​​entire​​League.

N

Nail-biter-​​An​​exciting​​game​​where​​the​​lead​​goes​​back​​and​​forth​​the​​whole​​time

Natural grass- a playing surface that is real grass as opposed to turf (artificial grass). Natural

grass is thought to be a better playing surface for players, as they are less injury prone on it. It is

much​​more​​expensive​​to​​maintain​​however​​and​​can​​only​​be​​used​​in​​arenas​​which​​allow​​Sunlight.

National​​Anthem-​​The​​traditional​​American​​song​​that​​is​​sung​​before​​every​​NFL​​football​​game.

NCAA- National Collegiate Association of America. The benchmark organization that is

responsible​​for​​organizing,​​maintaining​​and​​governing​​college​​football​​in​​America.

Neutral zone- The area between the two lines of scrimmage (representing the length of the ball as

extended​​to​​both​​sidelines).

NFL-​​National​​Football​​League

NFL films- High quality, documentary-style films the NFL shoots every week, at every NFL

stadium.

NFL legends- Players or coaches who are held in the highest regard for a demonstration of

excellence​​in​​the​​professional​​game...Heroes​​of​​the​​past.

Nickel​​Package-​​A​​zone-style​​defensive​​formation

No-Huddle Offense- Ordinarily an offensive unit will huddle together between each play to

discuss the next play. This does not happen in the No-huddle offense. Instead, the players hurry

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to the line of scrimmage and the quarterback

to the line of scrimmage and the quarterback calls out the play audibly in code words only his

team can understand. The ball is quickly snapped and the play starts, wasting little time. Often

the no-huddle offense is used when the game clock is wearing down, or if a team is losing to

another​​team​​by​​a​​wide​​margin.​​Sometimes​​it​​is​​used​​just​​to​​mix​​things​​up.

No​​time​​on​​the​​clock-​​The​​game​​clock​​has​​expired​​and​​either​​the​​half​​or​​the​​game​​is​​over

Nose tackle- a member of the defensive line who plays in the middle. Usually a very big player

who​​specializes​​in​​stopping​​the​​run

O

Off-side- A penalty that is called when a defensive player crosses the line of scrimmage before

the ball is snapped. The player is offside when any part of his body is beyond the line of

scrimmage​​before​​the​​ball​​is​​snapped.

Off-season-​​The​​end​​of​​the​​NFL​​season​​when​​no​​NFL​​games​​are​​played.

Offense- The unit of players whose mission it is to move the football down the field to score

points.​​An​​offense​​has:​​a​​quarterback,​​running​​back,​​fullback,​​wide​​receivers​​and​​tight​​ends

Offensive Coordinator- the offensive coordinator is an assistant to the head coach who

specializes​​in​​offensive​​strategy.

Offensive line- these are usually the biggest and heaviest men on the field ranging between 300

and 380 pounds. Their job is to protect the quarterback from the defensive rush, to block for the

running backs and to open holes for the running backs. By blocking well, they are said to be

buying time‖ for the quarterback. The more time the quarterback has in the pocket the better

chance​​he​​has​​of​​passing​​for​​a​​Completion.

Official​​–​​another​​word​​for​​referee

“Official ___ of the NFL”- it is common for a corporation to become an official sponsor of an

NFL. Banks, shoes, car companies, hospitals, the list is long. Bottom line: big bucks to become

an​​official​​NFL​​sponsor.

On​​the​​Bubble-​​A​​player​​or​​coach​​who​​is​​in​​danger​​of​​being​​released​​from​​the​​team

On the road- when a football team has to travel to another city or state to play a game in another

team’s​​home​​field

Onside kick- an onside kick is a risky trick play that takes place on a kickoff. The kicker will

intentionally kick the ball in such a way that it only travels about ten yards and is difficult for the

receiving team to catch. The objective is for the kicking team to create a turnover and get the ball

back. It is difficult to execute and succeed, but if it is done just right, kicking team can get the

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ball back by either catching the receiving team

ball back by either catching the receiving team off-guard or by being in the right place at the

right time. The rules state that the ball only has to travel ten yards before the kicking team can

make a play for the ball. An onside kick is usually attempted by a team late in the fourth quarter

who​​is​​losing​​by​​a​​wide​​margin​​and​​time​​is​​running​​out.

Open holes- It is the job of the offensive line to open holes at the line of scrimmage for the

running backs so it will be easier for them to gain positive yards after the hand-off. Opening

holes is blocking the defensive players, keeping them entangled (without holding on to them)

long enough for a runner to burst through. It is the job of the running back to find the open hole

in​​the​​line​​and​​make​​the​​split​​second​​decision​​of​​which​​one​​to​​burst​​through.

Opponent-​​the​​opposing​​(opposite)​​team​​or​​player

Out-​​when​​an​​injured​​player​​is​​on​​the​​active​​roster,​​but​​will​​not​​play​​in​​the​​game​​for​​that​​week.

Out-of-bounds​​–​​Outside​​the​​boundaries​​of​​the​​designated​​playing​​field.

Overturning the Call- a call made on the field will be overturned (reversed) if the instant replay

video​​shows​​clearly​​that​​the​​call​​made​​on​​the​​field​​was​​in​​error.

Overtime- Overtime is triggered if the score is tied at the end of regulation. Overtime is 15

minutes in duration, but will end when a team scores. The first team who scores wins and the

game​​is​​over.​​This​​is​​called​​sudden​​death

Owner-​​The​​individual​​who​​owns​​the​​football​​team​​and​​pays​​the​​players​​salaries

P

Pads-​​protective​​equipment​​worn​​underneath​​a​​player’s​​jersey.

Pass Interference- This penalty is called in two different ways. If it is a defensive pass

interference, in some way a defender is illegally interfering with an intended receiver. This could

be done by making any kind of illegal contact with the receiver before the ball arrives to him,

while the receiver is running his route. A defensive interference stops the receiver from

effectively running his route and catching the pass. If it is offensive interference, an offensive

player in some way prevents the defender from making a play at the ball to get an interception.

In the split second when the ball is in the air and within reach of the target, a receiver and a

defender​​can​​clash​​and​​make​​contact​​because​​they​​are​​both​​making​​a​​play​​for​​the​​ball.

Passer rating- a key stat used to measure the effectiveness of a quarterback. Primarily deals with

completion​​percentages.​​How​​many​​passing​​attempts​​resulted​​in​​completed​​passes.

Passing​​yards-​​measurement​​of​​how​​many​​yards​​a​​quarterback​​threw​​for

Passing​​play-​​when​​an​​offense​​chooses​​to​​pass​​the​​ball​​instead​​of​​running​​it.

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pay dirt scoring a touchdown penalty occurs when

Pay-dirt​​–​​scoring​​a​​touchdown

Penalty: Occurs when a player on the field breaks one of the game rules and is caught by a

referee. A Yellow flag is thrown to signify that a penalty has occurred. After consulting with the

other refs on the field, the head referee then discloses what the penalty was, the number of the

player who committed it, and how many yards the team will be penalized as a result. He has a

microphone attached to his jersey, and he makes the announcement over the P.A. system in the

arena and for the benefit of the viewers at home watching on TV. Usually results in a loss of

yardage​​for​​the​​violating​​team.

Penalty Accepted- when a penalty is called, the referee will ask the either the coach or the team

captain on the field if the team would like to accept or decline the penalty. For example, if

holding is called on the defense and the result of the penalty is an automatic 10 yard gain a

choice has to be made by the offense- whether to accept the terms of the penalty or not. In certain

game situations it is more advantageous to decline the penalty because the play may have been

successful​​and​​may​​have​​resulted​​in​​more​​yards​​for​​the​​offense.

Penalty Declined- sometimes a team will choose to decline the terms of a penalty. For example, a

defense may choose to decline a penalty committed by the offense in a fourth down situation.

Rather than give the offense another shot at making a first down the defense would rather force

them​​to​​punt.

Place-holder- the special teams player who gets the snap and holds the ball in place for the kicker

on extra points and field goals. It is common for a backup QB to handle these duties. The place

holder and kicker will practice and perfect the snap, hold and follow through all season long to

avoid​​costly​​errors​​on​​the​​field.

Plane- The plane of the end zone is an imaginary line that goes left to right at the front entrance

of the rectangular shaped end-zone. There are two bright orange cones at each sideline opposite

each​​other.​​A​​referee​​called​​the​​line​​judge​​watches​​intently​​to​​see​​if​​the​​ball​​crosses​​the​​plane.

Play- a pre-planned course of action a team will take on any given down. There are thousands of

possible plays a team can execute: running plays, passing plays, special teams plays etc. During

preparation for a game however, a select group of plays are chosen to use against the opponent

(game​​plan).

Play action- play action is where the quarterback fakes a handoff and chooses to pass instead. By

faking​​the​​run​​he​​can​​confuse​​a​​Defense.

Playbook-​​A​​book​​of​​plays​​a​​team​​will​​learn​​and​​draw​​from​​during​​the​​season.

Play​​by​​play​​–​​the​​announcer​​who​​covers​​the​​game​​on​​TV​​or​​radio.

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play clock the play clock is the clock used

Play Clock- The play clock is the clock used in between plays. It tells an offense how much time

they have before the ball must be snapped. The play clock is positioned in such a way that it is

relatively easy for the players to see it from the field. If the clock expires the play is dead and a

delay of game penalty is called. The play clock is reset to 40 seconds after each play. That means

an offense must huddle, line up, call the cadence and snap the ball in under 40 seconds on every

single​​play.

Player-​​An​​individual​​who​​plays​​the​​game​​of​​Football

Player fines- player fines are financial penalties against players for violating NFL rules of

conduct, or team rules of conduct. Includes misconduct during games or misconduct off the field

such​​as​​drug​​use,​​excessive​​weight​​gain,​​missing​​or​​being​​late​​to​​a​​team​​meeting​​and​​so​​on.

Player suspension- a punishment doled out by the NFL which results in the player missing one or

several games, including loss of pay. Suspensions are common for drug violations and for

grievous​​penalties​​committed​​on​​the​​field​​such​​as​​an​​illegal​​hit​​or​​hitting​​a​​referee.

Playoffs- also referred to as the postseason and the Road to the Super Bowl. The ultimate goal of

any team is to go all the way to the Super Bowl, but to get there a team must earn a playoff berth

(acceptance to the playoffs). Six teams from each conference go to the playoffs, so only 12 teams

out of 32 will have a chance to go to the Super Bowl once the playoffs begin. Once a team loses

in the playoffs they are eliminated from contention. The road to the Super Bowl is tough. It

requires​​relentless​​determination​​and​​a​​demonstration​​of​​excellence​​every​​week

Playmaker- A player who makes big plays on a consistent basis and who is capable of changing

a​​game​​into​​a​​positive​​direction​​for​​his​​team​​through​​his​​abilities​​alone.

Pocket- the pocket is the zone behind the line of scrimmage, directly behind the center in the

backfield​​where​​the​​quarterback​​operates.

Post-season-​​describes​​the​​playoff​​games​​and​​the​​Super​​Bowl

Practice​​(or​​Developmental)​​squad-​​A​​player​​is​​placed​​on​​the​​practice​​squad​​when​​a​​team​​feels

he has potential to be a good player one day, but is not ready just yet. They do not want to lose

his services to another team though. The regular season roster can only carry 53 players so this is

a place where a team can place a handful of gifted players instead of just cutting them outright.

Players on the practice squad get to play against the active roster players in practice settings only

and​​cannot​​play​​in​​a​​regular​​game.​​The​​practice​​squad​​can​​only​​carry​​7​​players​​during​​the​​season.

Predictions- speculation about which teams will win and which will lose in any given week,

followed​​by​​actual​​choices.

Preseason- usually about four games that are played in August during the training camp period.

Although there are a lot of similarities to regular season games, the preseason games do not

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count they are there for nfl teams to evaluate

count. They are there for NFL teams to evaluate new personnel and to prepare the players and

coaches​​for​​the​​regular​​season.

Press Conference- usually given by a coach at the end of a football game to the media. In the

press conference a coach will give account for what happened during the game- whether his team

won​​or​​lost,​​and​​must​​answer​​questions​​from​​the​​media.​​Everything​​he​​says​​is​​recorded.

Prevent defense- a defensive scheme that is used to prevent an offense from scoring a

touchdown. This usually means big chunks of yardage are given up because there is little

pressure​​on​​the​​QB.

Primetime-​​Denotes​​the​​game​​is​​played​​before​​a​​national​​TV​​audience

Pro bowl- The Pro Bowl is a game where the best players in the NFL meet. The players who are

voted into the Pro Bowl consider it a very important resume booster and honor to be there. The

game takes place one week after the Super Bowl in Hawaii and is light-hearted in nature. The

best NFC players compete against the best AFC players for that year. The NFC team wears blue

and the AFC wears red. Each player wears the helmet of the team they represent and play for

during​​the​​regular​​season.

Probable- when a player is listed as probable on the injury report, it means he probably will play

in​​the​​upcoming​​game​​(about​​75%).

Pulling​​for​​/​​who​​are​​you​​pulling​​for?​​-​​in​​other​​words,​​what​​team​​do​​want​​to​​win​​the​​game?

Pump-fake-​​When​​a​​quarterback​​pretends​​like​​he​​is​​going​​to​​throw​​the​​ball.​​This​​usually​​serves

to​​fool​​the​​defensive​​player​​watching​​him

Punt- A form of drop-kicking the football. A punt usually occurs when a team did not make a

first down on the most recent offensive series and it is now fourth down. They choose to give the

ball back to the other team rather than take the chance of turning the ball over at the spot they are

at on the field. A punt will hopefully put the ball deep in the opposing team’s territory, thereby

giving​​them​​a​​longer​​way​​to​​travel​​down​​the​​field​​(bad​​field​​position).

Punter-​​A​​punter​​is​​a​​player​​who​​specializes​​in​​punting.

Q

Quarter-​​A​​division​​of​​game​​time​​lasting​​15​​minutes.​​There​​are​​four​​quarters​​in​​a​​game.

Quarterback (QB)- This player is responsible for distributing the ball to other players on the

offense. His job is very important, as it is he who will drive the team down the field for a score.

He is the one who passes and hands-off the football to other players on his team. He calls out the

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plays verbally to the other players in cadence

plays verbally to the other players in cadence, and yells, HIKE or HUTT-HUTT to the center to

snap the ball and to start the play. All the other players on the field wait for the football to be

snapped​​for​​the​​play​​to​​begin.

Quarterback Sneak - a play commonly used in very short yardage or goal line situations. The

Quarterback​​quickly​​snaps​​the​​ball​​and​​runs​​right​​behind​​or​​beside​​the​​center.

Questionable- when a player is listed as questionable on the weekly injury report it means he has

about​​a​​50%​​chance​​of​​playing​​in​​the​​game.

R

Record-holders- those players past or present who currently hold the best record in a key statistic

category (like running or passing) for a single season, or in the history of the NFL (all-time

leader).

Red flag- Also called a ―red marker. A head coach is the only person on the field who can

throw a red flag. The red flag is tossed by a coach when he wishes to challenge a call made by a

ref

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red zone the red zone is the area closest

Red Zone- the red zone is the area closest to the end zone, from goal line out to the 20 yard line.

You will hear this mentioned when an offense is driving down the field and is getting closer to

scoring​​a​​touchdown.

Ref-​​abbreviation​​for​​Referee​​(see​​below)

Referee – The men on the field who wear the black and white uniforms. They serve the very

important role of enforcing the rules of the game by calling penalties against a player when the

rules of the game are violated. When an infraction of the rules occurs, a yellow flag is thrown

and​​a​​penalty​​is​​called.

Regulation- This is another word for actual game clock time. The end of regulation would mean

the​​end​​of​​the​​game.

Reps-​​to​​get​​playing​​time​​in​​a​​game​​situation

Replay Booth- The replay booth is located in the upper levels of the arena. Their job is to review

the instant replay video. They work in tandem with the officials on the field when a challenge is

made,​​and​​by​​initiating​​a​​challenge​​themselves​​in​​the​​final​​two​​minutes​​of​​each​​half.

Return specialist- the player who catches a kickoff or a punt from an opposing team and who

attempts to run forward for positive yardage. Usually this player is a speedster. The faster he is,

the​​more​​yards​​he​​can​​gain​​before​​getting​​tackled​​by​​the​​opposing​​team.

Returning the football- a team returns the football whenever a kickoff or a punt happens by the

opposing team. Returning the football is a special teams operation. The punted or kicked ball is

received​​by​​the​​punt/kick​​return​​specialist.

Reviewing the Call- When a challenge is made by either a coach or the replay booth, the head

referee will go to the sidelines to view the instant replay and review the call that was made on the

field to see if it was correct. While the review is happening the game clock stops. The referee has

a​​total​​of​​three​​minutes​​to​​view​​the​​instant​​replay​​and​​make​​his​​determination.

Reverse play- a trick play designed to fool the defense. The ball is exchanged twice in the

backfield via a handoff or toss. The defense thinks a runner is going in one direction until the

ball​​is​​handed​​to​​another​​player​​in​​the​​backfield​​going​​in​​the​​opposite​​direction.

Rivalry- a game that takes place between two teams that usually carries some history with it. For

instance, the Bears and Packers have a long standing rivalry between each other. They are in the

same Division and have played against each other for many years. You may hear the phrase,

Long-standing Rivalry or Heated Rivalry. These games are usually entertaining because they

carry​​an​​added​​emotional​​element.

Rookie-​​a​​player​​who​​is​​in​​his​​first​​year​​in​​the​​NFL

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rookie of the year an honor bestowed

Rookie of the year- an honor bestowed on one individual NFL player who performed better than

any​​of​​his​​other​​first​​year​​peers.

Roster- the amount of players that are on a football team and that can be used in a game. During

the​​regular​​season​​there​​can​​only​​be​​53​​players​​on​​the​​roster.

Rotator cuff injury – a common shoulder injury that happens to quarterbacks on the throwing

arm.​​Usually​​a​​surgery​​must​​take​​place​​followed​​by​​several​​weeks​​of​​rest.

Roughing the Kicker: this penalty is called whenever a special teams player intentionally or

unintentionally runs into or makes contact with the kicker or punter. This can happen while he is

kicking or punting, or even after he has kicked or punted the ball. The ball itself can be blocked,

but​​the​​kicker​​or​​punter​​cannot​​be​​touched​​unless​​a​​fumble​​occurs.

Roughing the Passer: When the quarterback is hit or thrown to the ground in a manner that above

and beyond the usual use of force. There are rules the refs follow that tell them when a defensive

player has gone too far. Quarterbacks can be quite vulnerable- a season or career-ending hit

could​​happen​​on​​any​​given​​play.

Route- A route is a specific path an offensive player is directed to run on any given play. Routes

are usually for receivers or tight ends, but running backs also run routes. Routes are important for

both the quarterback and the intended receiver because quarterback will know where to look for

the​​receiver​​on​​the​​field,​​and​​the​​receiver​​knows​​exactly​​where​​to​​be​​to​​catch​​the​​pass.

Run​​the​​Ball-​​a​​decision​​by​​an​​offense​​to​​select​​more​​running​​plays​​than​​passing​​plays​​on

an​​offensive​​series.

Running Back (RB)- a player who specializes in running the football via hand-offs from the

quarterback. Can also catch the ball and run routes like a receiver does. Running backs usually

come in two varieties: finesse or power. A finesse running back is strong and athletic but has the

ability to make cuts and elude defenders with his speed. A power running back is built like a bull

and gashes the defense as he moves forward. The best running backs are those who have a

combination of finesse, power and speed. A running back can be anywhere between 5’8 and 6’3

tall​​and​​200-245​​pounds.

Running out/down the clock- when an offense takes a long time to execute plays. This is usually

done​​in​​the​​fourth​​quarter​​when​​a​​team​​is​​trying​​to​​maintain​​a​​lead.

Running​​play-​​when​​an​​offense​​chooses​​to​​run​​the​​ball​​instead​​of​​passing​​it.

Running north and south- Running the ball straight up the middle of the field between the

Linemen.

Running outside- Running the ball around the offensive and defensive linemen. Instead of

running​​between​​them,​​the​​runner​​will​​go​​around​​them​​to​​the​​left​​or​​right.

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running yards a tally of how many yards a running

Running​​yards-​​a​​tally​​of​​how​​many​​yards​​a​​running​​back​​or​​quarterback​​ran​​for​​during​​a​​game.

Rushing- term used to describe running the football, also used to describe an attempt by the

defense​​to​​sack​​the​​quarterback,​​as​​in​​rushing​​the​​passer.

S

Sack- When a quarterback is tackled by defensive player while he is behind the line of

scrimmage, and while still in possession of the ball- meaning he hasn’t handed it off or passed it

yet.

Safety (S)- a defensive player and a member of the secondary. These players are usually very

strong and athletic. They are designed to hit both receivers and running backs that get into the

backfield.​​They​​are​​also​​responsible​​for​​breaking​​up​​passing​​plays​​and​​getting​​an​​Interceptions.

Safety- when an offense gets tackled in their own end zone by the opposing defense, it results in

an automatic 2 points for the team who sacked the offensive player. The team that got sacked is

then​​forced​​to​​punt​​the​​ball​​away.

Salary​​cap-​​an​​amount​​of​​money​​set​​by​​the​​NFL​​that​​each​​team​​is​​allowed​​to​​spend​​on​​player

salaries​​for​​any​​given​​year.

Schedule- the listing of games a team will play in a season, including the times and dates and

opposing​​teams.

Scout- a member of the coaching staff who is responsible for seeking out and evaluating

potential players. A scout will evaluate players coming out of college and free agents coming

from another NFL team. A scout’s recommendations will be considered when draft day rolls

around.

Scoreboard-​​Where​​the​​score​​and​​game​​clock​​(and​​sometimes​​play​​clock)​​reside.

Scramble-​​When​​a​​quarterback​​rushes​​out​​of​​the​​pocket​​and​​runs​​for​​positive​​yardage

Screen​​pass-​​a​​short​​pass​​that​​is​​usually​​lobbed​​in​​the​​air​​over​​the​​defensive​​line​​to​​a​​running

back.

Scrimmage- A scrimmage is a practice game between two teams during the preseason, but it is

not an official preseason game. It is a more scaled down version of the preseason game. The

game​​does​​not​​count.

Scrubs-​​describes​​backups​​or​​players​​who​​are​​likely​​to​​get​​cut.

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season the time when nfl football games

Season- the time when NFL football games are played. The NFL season is 17 weeks long in

which 16 games are played. Each team has one bye week to rest, which is scheduled for them

before​​the​​season​​begins.

Season​​leaders-​​those​​players​​who​​lead​​the​​NFL​​in​​certain​​key​​stats,​​like​​passing​​or​​running.

Second string- Those players who are not starters but are support personnel. These players either

play​​on​​special​​teams​​and/or​​are​​backups​​to​​key​​personnel​​such​​as​​a​​quarterback.

Secondary- the area of the football field that is beyond the linebackers on the defensive side of

the line of scrimmage...The defensive players who line up behind the linebackers and basically

defend​​the​​pass...The​​area​​of​​the​​field​​defended​​by​​the​​defensive​​backs​​(cornerbacks​​and​​safeties)

Seed- the position a team is placed in the playoffs. The first seeded team is the best team, the

second​​seed​​is​​the​​second​​best,​​the​​third​​seeded​​team​​is​​the​​3rd​​best​​team​​and​​so​​on.

Sell​​out-​​when​​all​​the​​tickets​​to​​a​​football​​game​​have​​been​​sold

Series-​​a​​series​​is​​a​​set​​of​​consecutive​​plays​​or​​downs,​​as​​in​​offensive​​series​​or​​a​​series​​of​​downs

Shotgun- a pass formation where the quarterback is a few yards back in the pocket before the

ball​​is​​snapped​​as​​opposed​​to​​being​​directly​​under​​center.

Sideline- The area of the field where a team resides when not on the playing field. Coaches,

trainers, officials, players and media camp out on the sideline. The sideline is out of bounds on

any​​given​​play​​and​​is​​parallel​​to​​the​​playing​​field.

Sleeper- a player who was not projected to be a productive NFL player and is, or a team who was

not​​projected​​to​​be​​a​​productive​​team​​and​​is.

Slump-​​when​​a​​team​​is​​losing​​and​​not​​playing​​up​​to​​its​​potential

Special teams- the unit that takes the field for blocking, kicking, punting and returning the

football.​​Also​​covers​​the​​opposing​​team​​when​​they​​are​​doing​​the​​same.

Spike- when a player puts an exclamation point at the end of a play by ―spiking the ball on the

ground,​​usually​​in​​the​​end-zone.

Sportscaster- the individual who reports on sporting events to the general public, usually during

the​​sports​​segment​​of​​a​​news​​broadcast​​or​​an​​all-sports​​network​​like​​ESPN

Sports​​writer-​​an​​individual​​who​​covers​​sporting​​events​​for​​a​​website,​​magazine​​or​​newspaper.

Spot-​​where​​the​​football​​is​​placed​​on​​the​​field​​by​​the​​referee.

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spread also known as vegas odds this

Spread- Also known as Vegas odds, this is the amount of points a favored team is predicted to

win​​by.

Snap- When the center releases the ball to the quarterback, place-holder or punter. After the snap

occurs,​​the​​play​​has​​begun

Stadium-​​An​​open-air​​facility​​in​​which​​the​​game​​is​​played​​(no​​roof).

Stance- when you see players crouch down at the line of scrimmage before a play begins they are

in​​stance.​​The​​offensive​​and​​defensive​​linemen​​get​​in​​stance,​​and​​also​​the​​running​​back(s)

Standings- deals with the wins and losses of each NFL team by each division. Who is first and

last​​in​​each​​division?​​Who​​is​​making​​a​​run​​for​​the​​division​​lead/playoffs​​right​​now?

Starters- also known as 1st string players, the starters are in the starting line-up at the beginning

of​​the​​game​​and​​usually​​play​​the​​entire​​game​​during​​the​​regular​​season.

Stats-​​Short​​for​​Statistics,​​this​​is​​the​​numerical​​account​​of​​several​​categories​​which​​measure​​the

quality​​or​​non-quality​​of​​team​​or​​individual​​performance.

Stiff​​Arm-​​When​​a​​player​​has​​the​​ball​​in​​his​​possession​​and​​is​​in​​running​​motion,​​he​​may​​use

a​​stiff-arm​​move​​to​​ward​​off​​a​​defender.

Stop the run- the attempt by the defense to keep to a minimum positive running yardage during a

game;​​stopping​​the​​runner​​from​​getting​​positive​​yardage

Sudden Death- The first team who scores in overtime wins, so the other team is said to have a

sudden​​death,​​with​​no​​chance​​to​​retaliate.

Sunday​​Night​​Football-​​An​​NFL​​game​​played​​before​​a​​national​​audience​​on​​NBC

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super bowl the end all be all sporting event

Super Bowl- The end-all-be-all sporting event played at the end of the NFL season after the

playoffs have ended. The NFL Championship game that decides who is the best team in the

NFL.​​The​​Super​​Bowl​​is​​marked​​with​​Roman​​Numerals​​to​​denote​​how​​many​​have​​been​​played.

Super​​Bowl​​Ring-​​The​​coveted​​Super​​Bowl​​ring​​is​​given​​to​​each​​player​​and​​coach​​of​​a​​team

who​​wins​​the​​Super​​Bowl.

Super Bowl MVP- Awarded to the most valuable player during a Super Bowl game. Super Bowl

selection committee- the committee that decides where the Super Bowl will be held each year.

The​​selection​​process​​is​​rigorous​​and​​is​​decided​​several​​years​​in​​advance.

T

Tackle- physically taking a player down to the ground (who has the football in his possession)

with shear force. In order for a tackle to be completed the player’s knee has to touch the ground.

Also​​another​​name​​for​​a​​defensive​​lineman.

Tailback-​​another​​name​​for​​running​​back

Taking​​it​​to​​the​​house-​​scoring​​a​​touchdown

Taking the field- whenever an offensive, defensive or special teams unit goes on the football

field​​they​​are​​said​​to​​be​​taking​​the​​field

Taped up- a player gets taped up before a game or during a game if he gets injured. Taping up

the player either helps prevent a player from getting injured or prevents him from making an

existing​​injury​​worse.

Team​​Captain-​​The​​designated​​spokesperson​​on​​the​​field.​​The​​offensive,​​defensive​​and​​special

teams​​units​​each​​has​​its​​own​​team​​captain.

Team​​physician-​​a​​personal​​team​​doctor​​who​​is​​at​​the​​game​​on​​the​​sideline​​to​​attend​​to​​player

injuries​​or​​illnesses.

Team​​trainer-​​a​​team’s​​health​​and​​fitness​​coach.

Tee-​​a​​device​​that​​holds​​the​​ball​​in​​place​​for​​the​​kicker.​​Is​​used​​for​​kick-offs.

TD-​​abbreviation​​for​​touchdown

Third and long – when it is third down and an offense has a long way (usually over 7 yards) to

go​​to​​make​​a​​first​​down.

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throwing away the ball when a quarterback throws

Throwing away the ball- when a quarterback throws the ball intentionally out of bounds to avoid

getting​​hit​​or​​to​​avoid​​throwing​​a​​possible​​interception.

Tight end (TE)- A player who is part receiver and part blocker. Generally is a sizeable athlete,

ranging anywhere from 220-280 pounds. On any given play a tight end could have more of a

blocking​​role​​or​​more​​of​​a​​receiving​​role.​​Lines​​up​​on​​the​​left​​or​​right​​end​​of​​the​​offensive​​line.

Timeout- a stoppage of the game clock. Each team gets 3 timeouts per half. A timeout will

usually be called when a team needs to strategize, but it can be called for a variety of reasons,

such​​as​​stopping​​the​​clock​​so​​a​​game​​winning​​field​​goal​​can​​be​​kicked.

Touchback- when a player takes a knee in the end zone. Ball is automatically placed on the 20

yard​​line​​on​​the​​following​​offensive​​series

Touchdown- A touchdown is achieved by crossing the plane of the end zone and results in 6

points for the team who scores. To score a touchdown the ball has to cross the goal-line while

still​​in​​the​​player’s​​possession.

Training camp- a period of time in Late July or August when a team gathers to prepare for the

regular​​season​​and​​finalize​​the​​53​​man​​roster.

Trash talk- when a player or coach is saying all types of things on the field that are intended to

rattle​​the​​nerves​​of​​an​​opposing​​player​​or​​referee.

Trick Play- a trick play such as the flea-flicker or reverse, is specially designed to deceive the

defense. If successful, the defense will be fooled into going one way while the offense goes

another.

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tryout when a player visits a team

Tryout- When a player visits a team for an interview and physical evaluation. The team evaluates

the​​player​​and​​the​​player​​evaluates​​the​​team​​to​​see​​if​​it​​will​​be​​a​​good​​fit.

Turf Toe- a fairly common injury a player can sustain from playing on turf. Can be very painful

and​​sometimes​​even​​keeps​​a​​player​​out​​of​​the​​game.

Turnover- a turnover is when the ball is lost or taken away by the opposing team via a fumble or

interception.

Two Back set- describes the use of two running backs or a running back and a fullback who are

lined​​up​​in​​the​​backfield​​behind​​the​​quarterback.

Two minute warning- this happens two times during a game: once at the end of 2nd quarter and

once at the end of the 4th quarter. An automatic time-out is triggered when the clock winds down

to​​two​​minutes.​​Neither​​team​​loses​​a​​timeout.

U

Under Center- When a quarterback is directly behind the center before the ball is snapped, as

opposed​​to​​being​​in​​the​​shotgun

Underdog- any team that is not predicted to win. The underdog is usually considered to be the

inferior​​team​​in​​any​​given​​match-up.

Unnecessary exuberance- a penalty that is assessed against a player for celebrating too much

after scoring a touchdown or making a big play. The refs have rules they go by as to what

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constitutes an unnecessary celebration

constitutes an unnecessary celebration. At a certain point in the late 80’s the NFL thought some

players were getting a little too elaborate with their celebration dances after scoring a

touchdown,​​so​​this​​rule​​was​​put​​in​​place.

Unnecessary roughness- a penalty that is called on a player for using excessive force in his

contact​​with​​another​​player.​​Some​​players​​just​​go​​a​​little​​too​​far.

Upright-​​another​​word​​for​​goal-post.

V

Victory-​​a​​win

Vince Lombardi – legendary coach of the Green Bay Packers. His name is on the Super Bowl

trophy

W

W-​​abbreviation​​for​​win

Watch the film/watch the tape- After a game it is common for a team or a player to watch a

replay of a game that has been recorded. It is hoped that mistakes made during a game will not

be​​repeated.

Weapon-​​denotes​​a​​player​​who​​is​​capable​​of​​making​​big​​plays​​on​​the​​field.

Wearing down the defense- when an offense has been on the field for a fairly long amount of

time. The longer they are on the field, the more energy the defense expends by trying to stop the

offense.

West coast offense- an offensive approach that is signified by a quick release (pass) from the

quarterback, distributing the ball to the receivers and avoiding a sack. The west coast offense

was created and mastered by the 49ers (specifically Joe Montana and Jerry Rice) in the 1980’s

and​​90’s

Wide Receiver (WR)- An offensive player who is out there to run routes down the field and

catch balls thrown from the Quarterback. Can serve as a decoy or blocker as well. Receivers are

among​​the​​fastest​​players​​on​​the​​field.

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wildcard two wild card teams will make

Wildcard- two wild card teams will make the playoffs from each conference. A wildcard team is

a team that was just good enough to make it into the playoffs. They were not the best team in

their own division, but they have a better record than other non-division winners in their

conference. Although it is rare, a wildcard team can win all their playoff games and make it to

the​​Super​​Bowl.​​The​​Steelers​​did​​just​​that​​in​​2005,​​winning​​it​​all.

Wideout-​​another​​name​​for​​a​​wide​​receiver

Winning streak- when a team wins more than one game consecutively they are said to be on a

winning​​streak.

Wins​​and​​losses-​​how​​many​​games​​a​​team​​has​​won​​versus​​how​​many​​they​​have​​lost

X

X’s​​and​​O’s-​​the​​details​​and​​plays​​of​​a​​game

X​​Factor-​​the​​key​​to​​winning​​the​​game

Y

Yard- a unit of length on the football field equaling 3 feet. There are 100 yards on the football

from​​one​​end​​zone​​to​​another.

Yard lines- There are 100 yards on a football field. The yard lines are in place to mark where the

ball and line of scrimmage are at any given point. The 50 yard line is the midpoint of the field.

After crossing the 50 yard line in either direction the numbers descend 49,48,47...etc, all the way

to​​the​​1​​yard​​line​​and​​then​​the​​goal​​line.

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yardage term used to describe several yards

Yardage-​​term​​used​​to​​describe​​several​​yards

Yellow​​flag-​​a​​yellow​​flag​​is​​thrown​​by​​a​​referee​​when​​a​​penalty​​is​​committed.

Yellow line- the yellow line is a graphic imposed on the field for the viewers at home to see

visually​​how​​far​​an​​offense​​has​​to​​move​​the​​football​​to​​achieve​​a​​first​​down.

“You gotta play four quarters”- refers to the importance of playing the entire game with a

consistent amount of effort and quality execution. Often a team will play great for two or three

quarters​​of​​a​​game​​and​​falter​​at​​the​​end.

Z

Zone defense- defensive scheme were a defensive player has a certain area of the field to cover

that is assigned to him based on the position he plays. If an offensive player veers into his zone

he is responsible for covering him or tackling him. The defensive player can assist in tackling an

offensive​​player​​who​​veers​​into​​another​​zone​​however.

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enjoy the game

Enjoy​​​​the​​​​Game!!

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