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Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) – The Course PowerPoint Presentation
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Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) – The Course

Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) – The Course

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Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) – The Course

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  1. Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) – The Course Special Use Airspace (SUA) and Temporary Flight Restricted Airspace (TFR) Segment

  2. Agenda • CHAPTER 1 - SYSTEM DESCRIPTION • What is the Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ)? • Special Use Airspace and Temporary Flight Restricted Area (SUA/TFR) • CHAPTER 2 - ADIZ EQUIPMENT & PROCEDURES • ADIZ Standards, Ingress/Egress Procedures and Exceptions (POTOMAC CONSOLIDATED TRACON (PCT) controlled) • CHAPTER 3 - TRAINING • Special awareness rule affecting pilots who fly in the vicinity of the ADIZ • Navigating the New *DC ADIZ course on (District of Columbia) • CHAPTER 4 - RISK ASSESSMENT & MITIGATION • Risk Mitigation through System Design, Risk Assessment & Controls, Training and Communication. • Flight training organizations and individuals • CHAPTER 5 - AVIATION SAFETY REPORTING SYSTEM (ASRS) • Voluntary Reporting and Feedback Systems

  3. CHAPTER 1 - System Description Special Use and Temporary Flight Restricted Airspace

  4. Special Use Airspace • Prohibited and Restricted Areas regulated under 14 CFR Part 73 • Will result in pilot deviation if transgressed • Prohibited areas – no operation permitted at any time • Restricted areas – hours of operation and frequency listed on IFR/VFR chart-panel • Warning Area (Caution Advised) • Extends 3-miles outward from the U.S. Coast • Activity may be hazardous to non-participating aircraft • Military Operating Areas (Extreme Caution Advised) • DOD authorized to operate in excess of 250knots, low-level, and aerobatic maneuvers within MOA • Pilots should exercise extreme caution and contact FSS/ATC to determine hours of operation • Alert Area (Responsible for Collision Avoidance) • High volume pilot training

  5. Special Use Airspace • Controlled Firing Areas (CFA) • Contains activities if not conducted in a controlled environment could be hazardous to aircraft. • Spotter aircraft, radar and ground lookout positions are used to alert the CFA that an aircraft is approaching

  6. Temporary Flight Restrictions • Purposes for protection of persons and property in the air or on the surface • Protection associated with incident on the surface • Operation of disaster-relief aircraft • Unsafe congestion of sightseeing aircraft • Protect declared National disasters in State of Hawaii • Protect Presidential and other public figures • Safe environment for Space-Agency operations

  7. System Description Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ)

  8. Airmans Information Manual (AIM) All references are to the ‘Onshore ADIZ’ located in Washington D.C.

  9. ‘Offshore’ and ‘Onshore’ ADIZ procedures are starkly different – yet both are referenced in the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM)

  10. System Description - ADIZ ON-LAND ADIZ EXISTS IN WASHINGTON DC – ONLY • Border is 30NM radius of the DCA/VOR, Washington DC • Speed restrictions 180KIAS to 30NM and 230KIAS to 60NM • Specific procedures for Leesburg Airport and Maneuvering area and fringe airports (6-airports) • Ingress/Egress procedures • Airport Facility Directory Northeast (AFD) • Sector frequencies and radials on reverse side of Washington Terminal Area Chart • Online training at required by new rule FAR 91.161

  11. Washington Terminal Area Chart Effective 8/30/07 New ADIZ – 30NM DCA VOR

  12. Washington Sectional (Reverse-side) WOOLY Gate Interstate 270 FDK175R LUCKE Gate 126.75 132.775 Interstate 95 BAL023RDCA047R DCA341RAML023R 127.325 MRB150R VA Route 7 DCA310R PALEO Gate JASEN Gate AML341R 126.75132.775 127.325 VA Route 29 DCA270R CSN054R AML233R OTT107RDCA120R 127.325 FLUKY Gate Boundary abeam Chesapeake Beach DCA237RAML193R 125.125 West side of Lunga Reservoir WHINO Gate DCA215R 127.325 125.125 BRV336R BRVGate GRUBY OTT205RDCA173R Northern boundaryWicomico River Western boundaryPotomac River / Widewater Beach BRV029R Rev 8/17/0712:50PM

  13. Higher Level Monitoring TheFAA has promised the security folks to do ‘higher level monitoring’

  14. Higher Level Monitoring Every VFR track in the ADIZ must be continuously accounted for…

  15. New SECURITY SERVICES Positions • Pilot must file a separate VFR flight plan for ‘extra-ADIZ’ services • Pilot should verify intentions with the controller

  16. New SECURITY SERVICES Positions • ADIZ EAST • Chesapeake (BWI) area 132.775 • ADIZ SOUTH • Mount Vernon (DCA) area 125.125 • ADIZ WEST • Shenandoah (SHD) area 127.325

  17. SECURITY SERVICESPOSITION IFR Class B Flight Following • ADIZ traffic only • No Class B • No FF


  19. ATC Security Positions – Summary • No ATC basic radar services or flight following • No ATC IFR separation or VFR flight following services • “Transponder Observed” does not convey ATC services are provided • Controllers must report loss/intermittent Mode C, suspicious activity or destination change

  20. ATC Security Positions - Expanded A separate VFR Flight Plan must be filed for flight following or separation services upon exiting the ADIZ Instrument Qualified, equipped and current? – go IFR! Do not depart on a 1200 Code – EVER!!

  21. ATC Security Terminology – “Transponder Observed” • The aircraft’s assigned beacon code and position has been observed. • Pilots who hear this transmission should not expect or assume any ATC services • The term conveys the transponder reply is observed and its position correlated for movement through security airspace.

  22. Security Tracking Procedures (Controllers) • Maintain radio communications with all aircraft operating within the DC ADIZ. • Report loss of communications. • Continuously track all DC ADIZ aircraft to ensure that they squawk the assigned transponder code with altitude. • Report intermittent or loss of Mode C. • Report any suspicious activity or unannounced change of destination.

  23. Security Tracking Positions– Summary of Responsibilities • Security positions will be checking……. • Deviation from assigned course/altitude • Radio Failure • Loss of RADAR track • Transponder Failure or Equipment Malfunction

  24. JYOA009 08

  25. CHAPTER 2 - ADIZ Equipment & Procedures Special Terms & Procedures, Ingress/Egress and Standard Requirements

  26. Equipment and Procedures • STANDARD EQUIPMENT AND PROCEDURES • Two way radio • Operating Transponder/C • ADIZ flight plan: except Towered Pattern and Fringe Airport exiting • LEESBURG AND FRINGE AIRPORTS (non-towered) • Discrete code except : • JYO Outbound 1226 /X Inbound 1227 /X • Fringe airport outbound 1205 • Towered Pattern 1234 • LEESBURG AND FRINGE AIRPORTS (non-towered) • Two way communication with ATC except: • JYO uses CTAF • Fringe monitor Guard (121.5) • Non-Towered Pattern work use CTAF AND monitor guard






  32. CHAPTER 3 - Safety Awareness Rule (FAR 91.161) Training Course, Certificate and Surveillance

  33. New ADIZ Training Requirement SUMMARY: The FAA is requiring ``special awareness'' training for any pilot who flies under visual flight rules (VFR) within a 60-nautical-mile (NM) radius of the Washington, DC VHF omni-directional range/ distance measuring equipment (DCA VOR/DME). DATES: This final rule is effective on February 9, 2009

  34. Approved Training Site – This training has been developed and provided by the FAA on its Web site and focuses primarily on training pilots on the procedures for flying in and around the Washington, DC Metropolitan Area Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ) and the Washington, DC Metropolitan Area Flight Restricted Zone (FRZ).

  35. ADIZ Special Awareness - Rule • PIC/SIC operating VFR within 60NM of Washington DC VORTAC • Complete ADIZ Special Awareness Training, and; • Download and Print the Certificate of completion • Only online training at approved • Excludes Pt. 121 & Pt. 135 ambulance operations, the U.S. Armed Forces or a Law Enforcement Agency

  36. Inspection of Certificate of Training • 14 CFR 91.161(c ) Inspection of training completion • Must present upon request to FAA, NTSB; Federal, State or local Law Enforcement office; or authorized representative of TSA • Verify by pilot number in SPANS

  37. ADIZ Course Completion Certificate

  38. Steps to obtain ADIZ Special Awareness Training • Register your e-mail address on to obtain an account • Select Advanced Learning Center

  39. Steps to obtain ADIZ Special Awareness Training • Enter ‘Navigating the New DC ADIZ’ on keyword search • Select the ‘view course’ link Navigating the New DC ADIZ - Course Table of Contents • “Click here to go to my courses” to resume any courses you are currently enrolled in

  40. Training – Completed but need to print the Certificate? • Log-in to account • Select ‘My Courses’ on ‘’ page • Choose the link to the course title you desire • The certificate page allows you to download and print a copy of your certificate of completion in two sizes – wallet size and 8.5” x 11” regular award size

  41. CHAPTER 4 - Risk Assessment & Mitigation Flight Standards (AFS-800 and FAASTeam)

  42. ADIZ pilot deviations – 2003 to 2007

  43. Airspace Incursions, Minus ADIZ

  44. Airspace Incursions, ADIZ Only