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Digital Game-Based Learning in WebCT Bob Bramucci

Digital Game-Based Learning in WebCT Bob Bramucci. WHAT IT IS. Audience Analysis What’s a Game? Do Games Work? Why Not Games? What’s a Non-Programmer to Do? Game Taxonomy Software To Learn More… Future. WHAT IT’S NOT. Trying to Sell Anything Training for Specific Software

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Digital Game-Based Learning in WebCT Bob Bramucci

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  1. Digital Game-Based Learning in WebCTBob Bramucci

  2. WHAT IT IS • Audience Analysis • What’s a Game? • Do Games Work? • Why Not Games? • What’s a Non-Programmer to Do? • Game Taxonomy • Software • To Learn More… • Future

  3. WHAT IT’S NOT • Trying to Sell Anything • Training for Specific Software • Exhibiting Games I’ve Authored • Advocacy for Going “Game Crazy”

  4. Audience Analysis

  5. Statistics (from Prensky, 2001) • Sesame Street is over 30 years old. • Pong, the first computer game, appeared in 1974. • The IBM PC was introduced in 1981. • MTV began in 1981, over twenty years ago. • Students 18-22 have never known a world without digital games (or rotary dial phones, network-only television, or analog music).

  6. The Average Teenager: • Watches over 3 hours of TV per day • Surfs the Internet 10 minutes to 1 hour per day • Plays 1-1½ hours of digital games per day • By the time they graduate from college, they will have nearly as much experience with electronic entertainment as they do with school.

  7. What’s a Game?

  8. What’s a Game? • Homo Ludens: it’s play, and • Play is something one chooses to do. • Play is intensely and utterly absorbing. • Play promotes the formation of social groupings. • Starbuck & Webster (1991) • Games elicit involvement and give pleasure.

  9. Games Have: Marc Prensky: • Rules • Goals and objectives • Outcomes and feedback • Conflict/competition/challenge/opposition • Interaction • Representation or story Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi: “Flow”: absorption, time distortions, loss of self (but it reemerges even stronger afterwards)

  10. Do Games Work?

  11. Research Games:

  12. Why Games Work • Games are engaging, entertaining and fun. • Games motivate participation and persistence. • Games are interactive and utilize active learning techniques. • Games use multiple modalities of learning • Games provide immediate feedback. • Games can provide a safe and inexpensive means of simulating and practicing real-world experiences. • In contrast to exams, games are seen as stress reducers rather than stress inducers. • Games help to calibrate comprehension---i.e., teachers can see strengths and weaknesses and adjust accordingly. • Games capitalize on the virtues of (and universal popularity of) play.

  13. Why Games Work: The Short Answer • Engagement • Interactivity

  14. Why Not Games?

  15. Statistics • The games business is BIG---at $7.5 billion dollars per year, it’s about the same size as the movie business. • So is training and education (an estimated $2 trillion dollars).

  16. Convergence • Telephony and Computers • Movies and Video Games • Computers and Appliances • PDAs and Cell Phones However, there’s not much talk about convergence of digital games and education. Why?

  17. Why the Resistance? • “No Pain, No Gain” • Puritan Heritage • Madonna/Whore Complex • Tradition-Bound Culture of Higher Education

  18. Higher Education “Why, in spite of the fact that teaching by pouring in, learning by passive absorption, are universally condemned, that they are still so entrenched in practice?” --John Dewey, 1918 The lecture method is still predominant in higher education.

  19. What’s a Non-Programmer to Do?

  20. Criteria • Customizable Content • No Programming • Suitable for Academic Content • Inexpensive Tradeoff: not bleeding-edge.

  21. Game Taxonomy

  22. Types of Digital Games • Email • Adventure • Puzzle • Board • Full-Motion Video • Arcade • Shooters Lots of other types (e.g., driving, flying, fighting) but no educational examples.

  23. Software

  24. Email Games Sample Game: “Quack, Quack, Quack”

  25. Text Adventure Games

  26. Adventure Games

  27. Puzzle Games

  28. Puzzle Games, cont.

  29. Board Games: Quiz Shows

  30. Board Games: Concentration

  31. Board Games: Jeopardy

  32. Board Games: Sqaures

  33. Board Games: Millionaire

  34. Full-Motion Video Games

  35. Arcade Games: Pac Man

  36. 3D Shooter

  37. Game Creation Engines

  38. Games Created with Game Engines

  39. TO LEARN MORE… Books Web Site

  40. Books

  41. WEB SITE TOUR:http://faculty.fullerton.edu/bbramucci/games/index.htm

  42. Book Summaries

  43. Software

  44. Training

  45. Links

  46. FUTURE

  47. Future Plans • Implement games • Build Communications Area (discussion boards, listserv) • Incorporate Simulations into Web Site Next Year’s Projects: • Geographical Metaphor for Navigation in WebCT • Development of Expertise

  48. THANKS!Email: bramucci@rccd.cc.ca.us

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