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Post-1968 Party System Reforms

Post-1968 Party System Reforms

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Post-1968 Party System Reforms

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  1. Post-1968Party System Reforms October 25, 2011

  2. Why does the U.S. have a 2-party system? • Ballot Access Laws • What are they? • How do they affect third parties? • Duverger’s Law • What is it? • Why does it work? • What are its implications? • Big tents/coalitions of enemies • Median voter theorem  moderate politics

  3. Are the parties too similar?

  4. Post-1968 Party System Reform • Like the Progressive Era reforms: • Rebalance PIG, PIE, PO relationship • More PIE power • Unlike Progressive Era reforms: • Reform was instigated by the parties themselves

  5. Direct Primaries, 1912-1968

  6. 1964 and 1968 DNCs

  7. McGovern-Fraser Commission • Commission on Party Structure and Delegate Selection • 18 Guidelines for delegate selection, aimed at: • Making candidate selection more reflective of the will of the PIE • Making delegate composition more representative of the party’s membership

  8. On the Republican Side • Delegates and Organization Committee (DOC) • Recommendations included: • Delegate quotas based on age and gender • Standing committee membership quotas for minorities http://www.gop.com//images/legal/2008_RULES_Adopted.pdf

  9. Some Implications: • Candidates are chosen by PIE in direct primaries and caucuses • National conventions “rubberstamp” nominations • Candidates are selected based on popular appeal, not ties to POs • Money and media play a larger role • Tension between national and state POs