Arts of the Object Ceramics Metalwork Glass Woodwork Textiles Architecture Tombs Mosques The Arts of the Book Calligraphy Illustration Principal Arts
Main Styles of Islamic Art • Geometric • Calligraphic • Organic/Figural • Medallions
Geometric • Based on mathematical shapes
Calligraphic • Uses Arabic script as the focal point of a design Marble foundation stone from Egypt
Organic/Figural • Identifiedby: • Curving lines • Humans or animal • Flowers or vines
Medallion • Central image that is more important than other elements of the design
Pop Quiz Identify the Style
Which Style? Geometric
Which Style? • Organic/Figural • Can you see the bird?
Which Style? • Medallion Style
Which Style? • Calligraphic • “Science, its taste is bitter at the beginning but, at the end, sweeter than honey.”
Arabo-Andalusian Music What to listen for: • Timbre • Lute • Improvisation • Microtones • Quarter step above the previous note • Arabic music has 17 notes • Meter/Tempo Lute
Petra • Rock Tomb • Hellenistic similarities • What movie? • Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Frontal view of the Khaznet-Fir`awn (the Treasury of Pharoah), a second century A.D. rock tomb in Petra.
Hypostyle Mosque • Prayer hall is formed of rows of columns • Usually multiple columns vertically • Dominant style in the early period Hypostyle Hall of the Mosque of the Umayyad, Damascus
Central-Dome Mosque • Prayer hall's space is dominated by a central dome surrounded by smaller and lower semi-domes. The Selimiyye Mosque in Edirne
Iwan Mosque • Prayer hall is an iwan, or up to four iwans, surrounding a courtyard. • Most popular type in the medieval period Two of the Four Iwan of the Friday Mosque in Isfahan
The Dome of the Rock(Qubbat al-Sakhra) View of the interior of the Dome of the Rock, showing the inner ambulatory arcade.
Ka'ba in MeccaMasjid al-Haram • Center of worship and pilgrimage • The qibla towards which worshippers face when praying.
Calligraphy • Calligraphy – beautiful writing • The most revered form of artistic expression in the Islamic world • Word of God in visual form
Characteristics of Calligraphy • Earliest form of Arabic script was called Kufic script. • Pages from the Koran, Syria or Iraq. 9th century • Ink, pigments, and gold on vellum, 8” x 11 ½”
Qur'an (Koran) • The red dots above and below the letters indicate accents • The medallion in the margin signifies a text division