CISE in Dynamic Change John Cozzens Program Director Div of Computing and Communications Foundations Phone: 703-292-8912 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org www.nsf.gov
CISE Strategic Objectives • Enhance research portfolio • Increase fundamental CS research • Cyberinfrastructure • Cybertrust • Science of design • Broaden participation • Improve organizational effectiveness
Evolution of the Computational Infrastructure Cyberinfrastructure TCS, DTF, ETF Terascale NPACI and Alliance PACI NSF Networking Prior Computing Investments SDSC, NCSA, PSC, CTC Supercomputer Centers | | | | | | 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010
Cyberinfrastructure consists of … • Computational engines (supercomputers, clusters, workstations, small processors, …) • Mass storage (disk drives, tapes, …) • Networking (including wireless, distributed, ubiquitous) • Digital libraries/data bases • Sensors/effectors • Software (operating systems, middleware, domain specific tools/platforms for building applications) • Services (education, training, consulting, user assistance) All working together in an integrated fashion.
Integrated Cyberinfrastructure… Education & Training Applications Discovery & Innovation Domain Specific Cybertools DevelopmentTools & Libraries Grid Services & Middleware Shared CI Hardware
Trust Homeland Security CIP CS National Cyber Security Context Homeland SecurityCritical Infrastructure ProtectionCyber Security Cyber Trust
Cyber Trust Vision • Society in which: • Computing systems operate securely and reliably • national scale infrastructures: water, power, communication, transportation, ... • localized systems: cars, homes, ... • Computing systems protect sensitive information • health, banking, libraries, e-commerce, government records must conform to public policy • Systems are developed and operated by a well-trained and diverse workforce • Without fear of sudden disruption by cyber attacks
NSF’s Cyber Trust Initiative • Coordinated effort for research and education in • Security • Reliability • Privacy, etc. • Essentially, all the attributes so that a computing, communication, or information system can be trusted
Cyber Trust – Current Activities • Research Grants • Active grant programs in Trusted Computing, Network Security, Data and Application Security, Secure Embedded and Control Systems • FY02 total funding about $15M, including base and ITR • about 65 grants, ranging from about $200K to $2M • Scholarships for Service program • Education: • 19 institutions, $46M; FY02: 6 for $8.6M + $9M supplement • Average estimated student production through FY02: 283/yr. • FY03 grants to 4 institutions, $10.3M • Capacity Building • 19 active grants $4M total; FY02: 10 for $1.9M • Centers • I/UCRCs: • Center for Identification Tech. Research (Biometrics) $600K, WVU • Cyber Protection Center (planning grant FY02, 3 institutions)
Cyber Trust – Plans for Growth • Research Grants: • Direct significant portion of FY03 appropriation increase to Cyber Trust research programs (~$15M added, for total of about $30M) • ITR funding will augment • FY04: Cyber Trust announcement: single and multiple-investigator grants; include multidisciplinary • Centers: • Initiate new center-scale activities under Cyber Trust theme announcement • Leverage existing NSF center competitions: • I/UCRCs: 1 in place, 1 maturing, another award expected • STCs – several pre-proposals received, now in review • ERCs – current competition nearly complete • ITR – Large: two related awards this year
CISE Reorganization: Drivers • Scientific: changes to the field • Current organization is essentially the same as in 1985 • Administrative: proposal pressure • Up 125% since 1997 (vs. 16% for NSF) • Financial: end of ITR • How to invest those funds
CISE Reorganization: Strategic Objectives • Realign divisions • To achieve coherence • To mirror the field • Cluster similar programs • Support cross-cutting themes • Build on success of ITR to invigorate CISE core
CISE Reorganization: Goals • Increase productivity and efficiency for investigators and program officers • Increase grant size and duration • Sharpen focus of CISE programs • Increase agility in the CISE organization • Integrate education and research • Broaden participation in CISE activities
Former CISE Organization CISE Over 45 Programs ACIR ANIR C-CR EIA IIS Networking Research, Middleware Commun. Sig. Proc. Embed Sys Dsgn Aut Architecture Advanced Computation Research Cross-cut. Programs [Edu, Divrs, Infra, Expr] Dig. Soc. HCI Info Mngt Robotics Cognitive
Key Concept: Clusters • Comprehensive activity in coherent area of research and education • Teams of Program Officers and Staff working closely with community • Initially: groups of existing programs • Eventually: one program per cluster
Computing & Communication Foundations (CCF) • Formal and mathematical foundations • Computer science theory; numerical computing; computational algebra and geometry; signal processing and communication • Foundations of computing processes and artifacts • Software engineering; software tools for HPC; programming language design; compilers; computer architecture; graphics and visualization • Emerging models for technology and computation • Computational biology; quantum computing; nano-scale computing; biologically inspired computing
Shared Cyberinfrastructure (SCI) • Infrastructure Development • Creating, testing, and hardening next-generation deployed systems • Infrastructure Deployment • Planning, construction, commissioning and operations • Middleware Infrastructure - Enabling deployment of large scale applications - Supporting grid applications
Information and Intelligent Systems (IIS) • Systems in context • Human computer interaction; educational technology; robotics; computer-supported cooperative work; digital government • Understanding, inference, & data • Databases; artificial intelligence; text, image, speech, and video analysis; information retrieval; knowledge systems • Data-driven science • Bioinformatics; geoinformatics; cognitive neuroscience; …
Computer and Network Systems (CNS) • Computer systems • FY04: Programs in distributed systems; embedded and hybrid systems; next-generation software systems • FY05: single cluster with fall deadline • Network systems • FY04: General topics and focus areas; research in networking, sensors, and software wireless • FY05: single cluster with fall deadline • Computing research infrastructure • FY04: current infrastructure programs (RI, RR, MII) • FY05: single cluster with (next) summer deadline • Ongoing: Major Research Instrumentation (MRI)
Key Concept: Themes • Focused areas of research that cut across clusters and divisions • Address scientific and national priorities • Have program announcements and funds • Examples: • Cybertrust • Education and workforce • Science of design • Information integration
Cybertrust Theme • Vision: A society in which • Computing systems operate securely and reliably • Computing systems protect sensitive information • Systems are developed and operated by well-trained and diverse workforce • Research on foundations, network security, systems software, and information systems • Integrated education and workforce activities • Program announcement being created
Education and Workforce Theme • Goal • Much greater integration of education and workforce development with research projects • Fiscal Year 04 • Research/Education program: CRCD/EI (late fall) • Workforce program: ITWF (late fall) • Increased synergy with research programs (e.g., cybertrust) • Fiscal Year 05 • One program with education, workforce, and integration • Ongoing • numerous cross-directorate programs
Infrastructure and Instrumentation (current)
Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) • Announcement: NSF 01-171 • Deadline: 4th Thursday of January • Award Size: $100K to $2M • Submit to: Disciplinary Division • Limitation: No more than 3/institution • Acquisition or development of major research instrumentation by U.S. institutions that is, in general, too costly for support through other NSF programs
CISE Research Infrastructure (RI) • Announcement: NSF 00-5 • Deadline:3rd Monday in October each year • Award Size: $800K to $2M • Limitations: PhD granting US institutions • Submit to: CISE/CNS • Provides infrastructure for research groups requiring strengthening of research facilities in a variety of environments. • Stimulates experimental work in CISE research.
CISE Research Resources (RR) • Announcement: NSF 01-100 • Deadline:1st Monday in February • Submit to: CISE/CNS • Three subprograms: • CISE Instrumentation: Acquisition of resources in areas supported by CISE required for 2 to 4 research projects. $30K-$200K over 1-3 years • Collaborative Research Resources: Support establishment, enhancement, and operation of major resources for multi-investigator, synergistic research or research/education. $200K-$500K over 1-3 years. • Distributed Research Resources. Establish/maintain unique, geographically distributed resources that can be accessed remotely by CISE researchers around the country. $100K-$300K per year for 3 to 4 years.
Minority Institution Infrastructure (MII) • Announcement: NSF 96-15 • Deadline:2nd Tuesday in February each year • Award Size: $800K to $1.5M • Limitations: Minority-serving institutions with a disciplinary area related to CISE • Submit to: CISE/CNS • Provides infrastructure for research groups requiring strengthening of research facilities in a variety of environments. • Stimulates experimental work in CISE research.
Status and Proposed Plans • November 2003 • Start operating with new divisions • FY 2004 • Transition year, with many of changes • Last year of ITR (and it will be different) • FY 2005 • Full implementation of new organization • Beginning of Cyberinfrastructure activity
Conclusion • Significant and fundamental CS&E research and education will provide foundation for future advances in many areas of S&E. • Advances in fundamental CS&E are central to broader societal concerns as well. • The community cannot rest on success in IT, but must continue to increase support for • underlying science • well-educated workforce.