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All Incident Reporting System

All Incident Reporting System

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All Incident Reporting System

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  1. NFIRS 5.0 All Incident Reporting System National Fire Information Council United States Fire Administration

  2. NFIRS 5.0 All-Incident Reporting System

  3. Introductions • Name, Department? • Responsibility related to fire incident reporting? • If you were not here, what one thing might you be doing – that you would rather not be?

  4. Development of NFIRS • America Burning1972 (Commission on Fire Prevention and Control) • United States Fire Administration (USFA) was created to evaluate the Nation’s fire problem

  5. Objectives • The participants will be able to: • describe the benefits of NFIRS 5.0 • explain what led to the organization and development of NFIRS • identify the modules which are part of NFIRS 5.0 • state the purpose of the NFIRS Handbook and Quick Reference Guide (QRG)

  6. National Fire Information Council (NFIC) 44 States 36 Metro Fire departments (500,000 pop. or more) www.nfic.org

  7. National Fire Information Council (NFIC) • To encourage and perpetuate the use of the National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) by states and local fire departments. • To provide a direct line of communication between its members and the United States Fire Administration (USFA). PURPOSE: The purposes for which the National Fire Information Council (NFIC) was formed are:

  8. Need for Data Fire service leaders need up-to-date, comprehensive data for decision making • Program Effectiveness

  9. Need for Data Fire service leaders need up-to-date, comprehensive data for decision making • Program Effectiveness • Resource Deployment

  10. Need for Data Fire service leaders need up-to-date, comprehensive data for decision making • Program Effectiveness • Resource Deployment • Codes & Standards Development

  11. Need for Data Fire service leaders need up-to-date, comprehensive data for decision making • Program Effectiveness • Resource Deployment • Codes & Standards Development • Need for New Programs and Services

  12. Need for Data Fire service leaders need up-to-date, comprehensive data for decision making • Program Effectiveness • Resource Deployment • Codes & Standards Development • Need for New Programs and Services • Legislative Initiatives

  13. Need for Data Fire service leaders need up-to-date, comprehensive data for decision making • Program Effectiveness • Resource Deployment • Codes & Standards Development • Need for New Programs and Services • Legislative Initiatives • Identify Training Needs

  14. Need for Data Fire service leaders need up-to-date, comprehensive data for decision making • Program Effectiveness • Resource Deployment • Codes & Standards Development • Need for New Programs and Services • Legislative Initiatives • Identify Training Needs • Product Safety

  15. Why Change?

  16. Why Change? NFIRS Reporting Office

  17. Participants in NFIRS 5.0 Design U.S. Fire Administration International Association of Fire Chiefs International Association of Fire Fighters Federal Wildland Fire Agencies National Association of State Fire Marshals National Fire Information Council National Fire Protection Assn. Local Fire Departments

  18. 1. Changing Role of the Fire Service Factors Considered • Multi-Discipline Agencies • Complex Incident Types • Greater Reliance on Information to Manage Limited Resources

  19. Internet 2. Changing Technology

  20. State Agencies State Law Makers National Policy Makers Fire Service Local Official Information Partners Media Public Fire Chief 3. Demand for Information

  21. Develop an All-Incident Reporting Standard Open Specification Address Information Needs of Local, State, Federal Agencies & Information Partners Visible, Significant Use at Local Level Local/State Option Focus on Ease of Use for Local Departments Simplified & Abbreviated Reporting Fire Department Resource Management Tools Track apparatus use and actions taken at the scene Track personnel and activities performed on the scene Backwards Compatible with NFIRS 4.1 Allows for phased implementation NFIRS 5.0 Objectives

  22. NFIRS 5.0 Development Strategy • Designed tomeet the needs of the Local Fire Department. • Each data element was carefully scrutinized for inclusion in the system . . . • Is it COLLECTABLE by a typical firefighter at the scene? • Is it REPORTABLEin an information system? • Is it USEABLEby the local fire department?

  23. NFIRS 5.0 Key Features & Benefits

  24. Simplicity of Reporting • Single Entry of Data • Accuracy • Acceptance • Participation • Point and Click • Check-off Boxes

  25. Abbreviated Reporting • In a contained fire in a building NFIRS 5.0 will allow firefighters to use the abbreviated report form

  26. Simplified Choices

  27. BAKERY STORE + PLUS + = EQUALS = Broad use category On-site Materials Property Type Combining Data Elements • Property Type • Fire Protection Systems • Equipment involved in starting the fire

  28. Multiple Actions Taken • Can list multiple actions taken - Shows the productivity of the department - A single scene can involve Extinguishment, overhaul, Rescue, EMS - Explain unusual circumstances

  29. Other Local Options • Capture Resources, Staff, and Apparatus used on the scene.

  30. Flexibility • Room for expansion • Special studies field • National Code Plus One

  31. Other Benefits for Users • Contributing Factors - Captures up to two factors - Ability to capture relationships between injury and contributing factors • Human Factors - gangs, alcohol, drugs, cigarette, etc. - Improved collection of data on Juvenile Firesetter and the elderly • Cause of Ignition - Intentional, Unintentional, Under Investigation, or undetermined after investigation • GIS Compatible

  32. Module 1Basic (All Incidents) Module 2Fire Module 3Structure Module 4Civilian Casualty Module 5Fire Service Casualty REQ’D NFIRS 5.0Required Modules Module Use Primarily Driven By Incident Type….

  33. NFIRS 1 - Basic Module

  34. NFIRS 1 - Basic Module • is completed for every incident

  35. NFIRS 2 - Fire Module

  36. NFIRS 2 - Fire Module • required for all fires that extend beyond container

  37. NFIRS 3 - Structure Fire Module

  38. NFIRS 3 - Structure Fire Module • is used for fires involving buildings

  39. NFIRS 4 - Civilian Fire Casualty Module

  40. NFIRS 4 - Civilian Fire Casualty Module • Captures data regarding civilian casualties resulting from a fire

  41. NFIRS 5 - Fire Service Casualty Module

  42. NFIRS 5 - Fire Service Casualty Module • Used to report injuries, deaths or exposures to fire service personnel

  43. Module 1Basic Module 7HazMat Module 2Fire Module 8Wildland Module 3StructureModule 9Apparatus Module 4Civilian CasualtyModule 10Personnel Module 5Fire Service Casualty Module 11Arson & Module 6EMSJuvenile Firesetter REQ’D NFIRS 5.0Optional Modules Module Use Primarily Driven By Incident Type….

  44. NFIRS 6 - EMS Module

  45. NFIRS 6 - EMS Module • gathers data relating to provision of emergency medical care

  46. NFIRS 7 - HazMat Module

  47. NFIRS 7 - HazMat Module • used to document REPORTABLE Hazardous Materials Incidents

  48. NFIRS 8 - Wildland Fire Module

  49. NFIRS 8 - Wildland Fire Module • Used to document reportable wildland fires

  50. NFIRS 9 Apparatus/Resources Module