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Selecting and Wiring Flowers

Selecting and Wiring Flowers

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Selecting and Wiring Flowers

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  1. Selecting and Wiring Flowers

  2. Wiring Techniques • essential to the floral designer • only wire a flower if it cannot be used satisfactorily without it

  3. Reasons for Wiring • straighten slightly crooked stems • support weakened stems • keep flowers upright and help prevent wilting • hold flowers and foliage in a desired position

  4. Reasons • prevent flower heads from breaking off the stem • replace flower stems on corsages so the corsage stem is not bulky • add accessories to corsages and arrangements

  5. Selecting wires • commonly sold in twelve pound boxes • wires 18 inches long • number of wires per box varies according to the size of the wire

  6. Selecting wires • coated with green enamel • helps prevent rusting • makes them less noticeable in the design

  7. Selecting wires • may be purchased on spools for special needs such as making garlands or wreaths

  8. Sizes of wire • Diameter measured in gauges • size ranges from 18 - thickest, to 32 – thinnest • 20-26 gauge is the most common

  9. Sizes of wire • proper size is important • too large a wire will damage the flower • too thin the flower will not be supported

  10. Sizes of wire • select the smallest wire that will support the flower and still hold it in place

  11. Methods of wiring • straight wire method • used when the stem remains attached to the flower • most often used when wiring flowers for vase arrangements

  12. Straight Wire • hold a piece of 20 gauge wire about one half inch from the end • insert into the calyx - fleshy part of the flower below petals

  13. Straight wire • push wire up toward your finger • wrap the wire carefully around the stem going between the leaves • wire should show as little as possible

  14. Hook Method • used on daisies, asters, chrysanthemums and other flowers used for corsages and funeral work • method is recommended for any flower that breaks easily at the stem

  15. Hook Method • hook helps prevent flower from breaking off of stem • stem may be removed or left intact • depends on use of flower

  16. Hook Method • for corsage work, stem is cut 1/2 inch below the calyx • all remaining foliage is removed from stem

  17. Hook Method • wire is pushed up through the calyx and out the top of the flower • wire may also be pushed along the center of the stem

  18. Hook Method • bend end of wire that sticks out top of flower into a hook • pull the wire and the hook downward so that the hook disappears into the flower head

  19. Hook Method • if using the flower in a corsage, it is now ready to be taped • if using in an arrangement, wire is bent around stem to support it

  20. Piercing method • used on flowers that have an enlarged calyx • such as carnations and roses • stem is removed about one inch below calyx if for corsage

  21. Piercing method • insert a wire through the calyx at a point halfway between the calyx and the petals

  22. Piercing method • if for a vase arrangement, push wire till it sticks two inches beyond the calyx • bend both ends of wire down • wrap longest end around stem

  23. Piercing method • for corsage, push the wire through to the midpoint • bend both sides down and tape

  24. Wrap method • used on foliage made of many small leaflets • leatherleaf • flowers composed of many small florets

  25. Wrap method • cut the stem so that a small portion of the stem remains on the leaf • make a hairpin from 26-28 gauge wire

  26. Wrap method • hang the hairpin over the lowest pair of leaflets so that the bend in the hairpin rests behind the stem

  27. Wrap method • wind one wire over both the other wire and the stem of the leaflet • wrap the stem and wire with tape

  28. Stitch method • used most commonly on broad, leathery skinned leaves • foliages that have been wired are much easier to use because the wire creates an extended petiole

  29. Stitch method • from the back side of the leaf, take a 26 gauge wire and pass the wire through the leaf under the midrib • stitch is made about halfway up the leaf

  30. Stitch method • bend both ends of the wire down the back of the leaf • wrap one half of the wire around the other half and the petiole several times

  31. Stitch method • tape the stem beginning at the base of the leaf

  32. Wiring • it is important to select the method that best suits the type of flower and its intended use • keep all wire hidden as much as possible

  33. Floral Taping • non sticky tape that will stick to itself when stretched • used primarily in corsage work to cover wires • bind wires to flower stems

  34. Floral Taping • bind wired or taped flowers together • half inch width is the most common • one inch is also made but is not readily available

  35. Floral Taping • primary brand names are “Floratape” and “Parafilm” • various colors available • moss green and foliage green are the most common

  36. Floral Taping • white tape is used in wedding work while brown may be used for dried flowers • taping requires skill that is developed with practice

  37. Floral Taping • taping is achieved by stretching the tape as you wrap it around the stem or wire or twist the wire or stem into the floral tape

  38. Floral Taping • the tape becomes sticky as you stretch it and will stick to itself • properly taped wires will be smooth and lightly taped

  39. Floral Taping • if the tape does not adhere to the wire and is loose, increase the tension on the tape.