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Regional Geography PowerPoint Presentation
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Regional Geography

Regional Geography

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Regional Geography

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  1. Regional Geography

  2. Definition to learn: • A Region is an area on the earth’s surface which is different to all areas around it. • It has different characteristics e.g. physical (climate soils, rocks, drainage), cultural, administrative, economic, human.

  3. Types of Region: • PHYSICAL REGIONS (Climate or Geomorphological) • ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS • CULTURAL REGIONS • SOCIO-ECONOMIC REGIONS I.E. CORE/PERIPHERY, INDUSTRIALLY DECLINED REGIONS • URBAN REGIONS

  4. PERIPHERAL REGIONS • A peripheral region is a region which is distant from the core and lacks economic, political and administrative investment e.g. BMW, Mezzogiorno, Greece, Scottish Highlands • Usually the poorest part of the country. • Usually will have negative aspects to its physical geography eg drought, boggy soils

  5. REGIONAL DEFINITIONS • CORE REGIONS- A core region is the wealthiest part of an area of land. It is the centre of economic,politicaland administrative life in a region e.g. Dublin, Paris Basin. • Usually the capital of a country is in the core region.

  6. CORE REGION - PARIS BASIN Each Region to be studied under these headings

  7. Paris Basin Primary Economic Activities

  8. Paris Basin Physical Characteristics

  9. Relief • Low-lying area less than 200 m • Huge down fold in sedimentary rocks • Rock layers folded in east • Ridges or scarps on landscape

  10. Soils • Fertile • Vary depending on underlying rock (Clay, chalk, limestone) • Different soil types- different farming areas (pays) • Limon soils- centre of region, productive agriculture (Ile De France) ideal for the growth of cereals • Clay soils – Brie Region (heavier soils) suitable for dairy farming

  11. Drainage • Three Rivers flow across the region • Seine • Somme • Loire

  12. Climate • Changes from West to East • West; Influence of the sea creates a Maritime climate. Similar to Ireland’s climate. • Summers cool (16 deg) • Winters mild (5 deg) • Rainfall 800 mm • East; As the sea’s influence does not reach this part of the region there is a hotter Continental climate. • Summers hot (19 deg) • Winters cold (2 deg) • Rainfall less than 700 mm • Inbetween; Transitional

  13. Paris Basin Primary Economic Activities

  14. Important Factors Fertile soil Mild Climate Low-lying relief Proximity to wealthy urban market Transport (pg 384) Gov / EU Policies (pg 384)

  15. Agriculture • Fertile limon soil • Mild climate, spring rainfall, long hours of sun • Cereal crops- wheat, barley & maize • Alluvial soils close to Seine • Intensive commercial farming • Mechanised farms • Easy access to wealthy market (over 21 million people)

  16. Agricultural Produce Wheat Barley Sugar beet Dairy farming (cheese & butter) Viticulture

  17. Farm production in different farming areas in Paris • IL DE FRANCE (LIMESTONE LIMON SOILS) • BEAUCE (LIMESTONE LIMON SOILS) • BRIE AND VALOIS (CLAY SOILS, DAIRY FARMING) • THE CHAMPAGNE REGION (CHALK RIDGES, CLAY SOILS)

  18. Task • Sketch a map of the Paris Basin • Label the areas • Label the soil type in the area • Label the type of farming/what is produced in the area because of the soil type Pages 385 and 386 in book

  19. Homework Question: Examine the factors that influence the development of a primary economic activity in a Core region you have studied. • Due tomorrow 3rd April

  20. Answer Layout: Sentence starter: The factors which impact a primary economic activity _________ in a core region I have studied _________ are: Fertile soil/relief (3 SRPS) Mild Climate (3 SRPS) Transport infrastructure (pg 384) (3 SRPS) Government / EU Policies (pg 384) (3 SRPS)

  21. Access / Communications River Seine Ports (Le Harve) Road & Rail networks focus on Paris TGV rail Train à Grande Vitesse (French high speed train). Metro Two international airports Direct link to London via Channel Tunnel