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Ch 16&17 PowerPoint Presentation

Ch 16&17

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Ch 16&17

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Ch 16&17

  2. William Travis, Jim Bowie, and Davy Crockett were defenders of the Alamo.

  3. The first capital of the Republic of Texas was Houston. • The Texas Constitution was similar to the U.S. Constitution but specifically legalized slavery • The majority of American settlers in Texas came from the southern states

  4. The largest group of European immigrants in Texas in the 1840s was from Germany. • Presidents Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren declined to annex Texas because Texas would have entered the Union as a slave state

  5. A key issue in the presidential election of 1844 was the annexation of Texas. • Texas politicians supported annexation in order to help Texas solve its financial and military problems.

  6. In the 1844 election the Whig candidate, Henry Clay, initially opposed annexation of Texas and then halfheartedly supported it.

  7. Mexico cut off all diplomatic relations with the United States after the U.S. annexation of Texas. • When Texas became a U.S. state, the Mexican government was angered because it considered Texas a “stolen province.”

  8. U.S. forces won the Mexican War after successive victories at Veracruz, Cerro Gordo, and Mexico City. • The treaty that ended the Mexican War was known as the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

  9. Mexican soldiers launched an assault on U.S. troops in 1846 because General Taylor refused to remove his troops from the border region.

  10. the first time many newspapers covered a U.S. conflict • Reporters used horses to send articles back East quickly. • the war was one of the first to be photographed.

  11. Transcendentalist writer and philosopher Henry David Thoreau went to jail for refusing to pay taxes because he believed they would support the war in Mexico • Northern abolitionists opposed the Mexican War, fearing that theUnited States might gain lands in the Southwest

  12. the Gadsden Purchase, the U.S. government paid Mexico $10 million for the southern parts of what are now Arizona and New Mexico

  13. Manifest Destiny • Americans believed that the U.S. should expand to the Pacific Ocean • They believed that the U.S. was the promised land