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Identity development in adolescence

Identity development in adolescence

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Identity development in adolescence

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Identity development in adolescence Achieving a sense of self

  2. Erik Erikson • Influenced by Freud’s psychodynamic theory of development • Viewed social influence as more important than sexual impulses • 8 stages of development

  3. Basics of Erikson’s theory • Physical maturation • “Epigenetic principle” • Psychosocial crises • Maturation and societal expectations • Positive and negative outcomes • Main theme of life: quest for identity

  4. Stages of development • Trust vs. mistrust • Autonomy vs. shame and doubt • Initiative vs. guilt • Industry vs. inferiority • Identity vs. role confusion/diffusion • Intimacy vs. isolation • Generativity vs. stagnation • Ego integrity/“Wisdom” vs. despair

  5. Identity “status” (J. Marcia) • Moratorium or crisis • Foreclosure • Diffusion • Identity “achieved”

  6. The self • Self-concept • social self • ideal self • Self-esteem