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The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and Labeling

The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and Labeling

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The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and Labeling

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  1. GHS The Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and Labeling

  2. Agenda • What is GHS • Compliance Dates • The new 2012 Hazard Communication • Labeling Requirements • Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • Current HazMat • Training Requirements

  3. What is the GHS? • Globally Harmonized System for Hazard Classification and Labeling • A common and coherent approach to classify chemicals for a global economy. • Specifically defines and classifies hazards for chemical substances, dilute solutions, and mixtures. • Communicates information on labels and safety data sheets (SDS). • Provides Infrastructure for Establishment of National and International Comprehensive Chemical Safety Programs

  4. Why is the GHS needed? • To Eliminate the Variation in Chemical Classifications and Hazards. • To Provide Consistency on Phrases Used to Indicate the Severity of Hazard Across Different Hazard Types. • To Offer Better Employee Protection • Information should be conveyed in more than one way for comprehensibility and understanding • Reduces Confusion • Enhances Understanding of Hazards • Helps Address Literacy and Language Concerns

  5. DOT CPSC OSHA FIFRA GHS EU NJ RTK PROP 65 Putting it all Together Canada

  6. Flammability 0°F 20°F 40°F 73°F 100°F 140°F 200°F OSHA HCS Combustible Flammable OSHA/NFPA Combustible Flammable 73F Extremely/Highly Flammable GHS Flammable Combustible 20°F ANSI Z129.1 Flammable Extremely Combustible DOT Flammable Combustible IMO Flammable 150°F 20°F 80°F EPA FIFRA Extremely Flammable 20°F 150°F CPSC Extremely/Flammable

  7. Differences in the way we currently communicate about the hazards of a chemical

  8. What GHS Changes • Classification Criteria: Class and Category • Health Hazards • Physical Hazards • Environmental Hazards • Mixtures • Hazard Communication • Labels • Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) • Replaces Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS’s)

  9. Changes to HazCom Compliance with GHS • Labels - New Standards • MSDS - SDS - Extensive Changes • Added: Training on the Labels & SDSs • Keep existing HazCom training programs. • Add information as it comes into workplace. • Example: Replace MSDSs with SDSs in your facility’s book. • Replace Labels and MSDS Training Sections with New Standard. • Written Program - Mostly Unchanged • Definitions have changed. • Still requires review and update. GHS Does NOT Replace a Facility Specific HazCom Program

  10. Who is Affected? • Manufacturers, Distributors, Importers • Change SDS information and format. • Change container labeling. • Employers • Training employees on changes to: • SDS (change from MSDS to SDS and 16-section format). • Container Labels (including secondary containers). • Update HazCom training to the new standards. • Update HazCom written plans to the new standards. • Employees • Recognize and understand hazards based on: • Information in new SDS format. • Pictograms on container labels. • Precautionary and hazard statements.

  11. Effective Dates and Requirements

  12. Definition Updates New • Hazard classification • Hazard category • HNOC (Hazard not otherwise Classified)* • Hazard statement • Label elements • Pictogram • Precautionary statement • Product identifier • Pyrophoric gas* • Safety data sheet • Signal word • Simple asphyxiant* • Substance Revised • Chemical • Chemical name • Hazardous chemical • Health hazard • Label • Mixture • Physical hazard • Trade secret

  13. New Definition – Hazard Classification & Category • Specific criteria for classifying; • Health hazards • Physical hazards • Environmental Hazards (not regulated by OSHA) • Hazard Class - Indicates the nature of the hazard. • Hazard Category - The degree of severity within each hazard class. • 1 = Most Severe 4 = Least Severe

  14. Health Hazard Classsification • Acute Toxicity • Skin Corrosion/Irritation • Severe Eye Damage / Eye Irritation • Respiratory or Skin Sensitization • Germ Cell Mutagenicity • Carcinogenicity • Reproductive Toxicity • Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Single Exposure • Specific Target Organ Toxicity – Repeated Exposure • Aspiration Toxicity • Simple Asphyxiants* -Not part of GHS, OSHA requirement

  15. Chemical Classifications Example

  16. Chemical Classifications: Example Physical Hazards • Explosives • Flammable Aerosols • Oxidizing Gases • Gases under Pressure • Compressed Gases • Liquefied Gases • Refrigerated Liquefied Gases • Dissolves Gases

  17. Chemical Classifications: Physical Hazards (continued) • Flammable Liquids • Flammable Solids • Self-Reactive Chemicals • Pyrophoric Liquids • Pyrophoric Solid • Pyrophoric Gases* • Self-heating Chemicals • Chemicals, which in contact with water, emit flammable gases • Oxidizing Liquids • Oxidizing Solid • Organic Peroxides • Corrosive to Metals • Combustible Dusts* * OSHA Requirement, Not Part of GHS

  18. Chemical Classifications: ExampleEnvironmental Hazards • Acute Aquatic Toxicity • Chronic Aquatic Toxicity Not Part of OSHA HazMat Requirements

  19. Labels - Product • Standardization for all Product Labels. • Each Label Must Include: • Product Identifier • Supplier Information • Signal Word • Hazard Pictogram • Hazard Statement • Precautionary Statement • Each Label May Include “Supplemental Information”

  20. Product Label Elements Example

  21. Labels: Product Identifier and Supplier Information • Product Identifier: The Name of the Product • Supplier Information: • Company Name • Address • Telephone Number

  22. Labels: Signal Word • Signal Word • Quickly Communicates the Relative Severity of the Hazard • Only 2 Signal Words Will Appear: • “DANGER” (more severe hazard) • “WARNING” (less severe hazard) • Only one signal word is permitted per label • Not all Labels Will Have a Signal Word • Some chemicals are not hazardous enough to require that a signal word appear on the label

  23. Labels: Pictograms • There are 9 pictograms. Only 8 are regulated by OSHA • Health Hazards • Physical Hazards • Environmental Hazards (Not regulated by OSHA) Not Part of OSHA HazMat Requirements

  24. Health Hazard Pictograms ! Irritant, skin sensitizer, acute toxicity, narcotic effects, respiratory tract irritant, hazard to ozone layer Skin corrosion/burns, eye damage corrosive to metals Carcinogen, mutagenicity, Repro toxicity, respiratory sensitizer, target organ toxicity, aspiration toxicity Acute toxicity, fatal or toxic

  25. Physical Hazards Pictograms Gases under pressure Explosives Self reactive Organic peroxides Oxidizer Flammables Self reactives Pyrophorics Self heating Emits flammable gas Organic peroxides Corrosive to metals

  26. Labels: Hazard Statement • "Hazard statement" means a statement assigned to a hazard class and category that describes the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the degree of hazard. • There are specific hazard statements that must appear on the label based on the chemical hazard classification. • Examples: • Flammable liquid and vapor • Causes skin irritation • May cause cancer

  27. Hazard Statements: Class and Severity • A specific harmonized hazard statement for each level (degree of hazard) within each hazard class: • Example: Flammable liquids • Category 1: Extremely flammable liquid and vapor • Category 2: Highly flammable liquid and vapor • Category 3: Flammable liquid and vapor • Category 4: Combustible liquid

  28. Label: Precautionary Statements • "Precautionary statement" means a phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling. • Examples: • Wear respiratory protection • Wash with soap and water • Store in a well ventilated place

  29. Precautionary Statements Additional Information • Precautionary Statements are not necessarily a mandate for employees to follow. • The employer is to evaluate the precautionary statements to determine if these need to be followed by employees. • This decision may be based on several factors: • How chemical used. • Where it is used (ventilation concerns). • How much of the chemical is used (quantity). • Air sampling or testing results (permissible exposure limits). • How long the chemical is used (time). • Other considerations.

  30. Precautionary Statement Employer Evalution Example • A precautionary statement may state - “Wear respiratory protection” • Employees may not be required to wear a respirator based on the employer’s evaluation of the factors previously listed (how, where, how much, time) • (using outdoors)

  31. Label: Other Information (Discretionary) • Other information that may be included on the label: • Physical state • Color • Hazards not otherwise classified • Route of exposure • Storage and disposal • Hazard prevention and emergency response instructions

  32. Simple Label

  33. More Complex Label

  34. Current Label Example

  35. New Label Example - DRAFT

  36. Labels: Product In Use in the Workplace (RTU) • Secondary labeling systems are still permitted • Must be consistent with the new HazCom standard. • No conflicting hazard warnings or pictograms. • May use written materials (e.g., signs, placards, etc.) in lieu of affixing labels to individual stationary process containers. • Employer can use GHS compliant labels (same as shipping)

  37. Safety Data Sheets • Under the new Haz Com Standard, Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are now called Safety Data Sheets (SDS). • All SDSs will have a consistent 16-section format • Flexibility of format removed. • Classification for health and physical hazards based on very specific GHS criteria.

  38. Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) • Identification • Hazard(s) Identification • Composition/Ingredient Information • First-aid Measures • Fire-fighting Measures • Accidental Release Measures • Handling and Storage • Exposure Controls / Personal Protection • Physical and Chemical Properties • Stability and Reactivity • Toxicological Information • Ecological Information* • Disposal Consideration* • Transport Information* • Regulatory Information* • Other information including date of preparation of last revision 16 Part Format in a Specific Order * Not Regulated by OSHA

  39. SDS Format

  40. SDS Format

  41. SDS Format

  42. SDS Format

  43. SDS Format

  44. SDS Format

  45. SDS Format

  46. SDS Format

  47. SDS Format

  48. SDS Format

  49. SDS Format

  50. SDS Format