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Ergonomic Awareness

Ergonomic Awareness

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Ergonomic Awareness

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  1. Ergonomic Awareness Presented by QBE Loss Control Services

  2. Ergonomics From the Greek Words: • “Ergon”- Work • “Nomos”- Laws Fitting the Jobs to the Workers not the Workers to the Jobs

  3. People Vs. Machines People • Decision Making • Small Force Application • Non-Programmed Activities • Teamwork Machines • Pre-Programmed Activities • Repetition • Applying Large Forces • Working in Hazardous Locations

  4. Terminology • CTD’s- Cumulative Trauma Disorders • MSDs- Musculoskeletal Disorders (OSHA) • Repetitive Motion Injuries/Disorders • Repetitive Strain Injuries • Overuse Syndrome

  5. Types of Disorders • Tendon Related • Tendonitis • Tenosynovitis • Epicondylitis • Trigger finger • Nerve Related • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) • Muscle Related • Lower Back Injuries • Sprains • Strains • Inflammation • Circulatory Related • Raynaud’s Syndrome (White Finger)

  6. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  7. Risk Factors for CTDs • Repetition • Duration • Force • Posture • Static Loads • Mechanical (Contact) Stress • Low Temperatures • Vibration

  8. Personal Risk Factors • Off-Job Activities • Exercise • Strength/Fitness • Health

  9. Awkward Posture Ulnar Deviation Flexion Extension

  10. Awkward Posture Bent Neck Overhead Reach Bending Trunk

  11. Contact Stress

  12. Vibration

  13. Psychosocial Issues • Job Frustration • Job Stress • Unresolved Frustration • Management Insensitivity • Anger • Depression • Conflicts with Supervisors

  14. Anthropometry “Scientific measurements of human body to optimize human/equipment interface” • Do not design for the “average person” • Design for largest and then adjust for the range of workers

  15. Ergonomics Process Identify Problem Job Identify Risk Factors Re-evaluate Implement Solutions Compare Risk Factors to Guidelines

  16. Ergonomics Program • Management Leadership/ Employee Participation • Hazard Identification and Control • Training • Medical Management • Program Evaluation • Records

  17. Hierarchy of Controls • Reduce or Eliminate Hazard using Engineering Controls • Change Work Practices and Policies by Administrative Controls • Use Personal Protective Equipment

  18. Engineering Controls • Change Workstation Layout • Change Tools • Change Way Materials Transported • Change Process • Change Packaging • Change Way Tools/Parts Manipulated

  19. Administrative Controls • Reduce Shift Length or Overtime • Rotate Employees Through Several Jobs • Broaden Job Content • Schedule More Breaks • Adjust Work Pace • Training

  20. Personal Protective Equipment • Shoes • Gloves • Knee Pads • Braces? • Wrist Splints? • Back Belts? • Vibration Attenuating Gloves? Not Effective and May Cause More Problems

  21. Ergonomic Tools

  22. Standing Work 37”-43” 34”-37” 28”-35” Precision Light Heavy

  23. VDT Work Stations

  24. What’s Wrong With This Picture ?

  25. What’s Wrong With This Picture?

  26. What’s Wrong with This Picture?

  27. What’s Wrong With This Picture ?

  28. What’s Wrong With This Picture ?

  29. What’s Wrong With This Picture ?

  30. What’s Wrong With This Picture ?

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  34. Ergonomic Chairs?

  35. Bins

  36. Drums

  37. Pallet Stacking

  38. Eliminate Kneeling

  39. Work Table

  40. Loading Trucks

  41. Hoists/Cranes

  42. Carts