Qualitative Research Software • C. Candace Chou, Ph.D • Department of Curriculum and Instruction • School of Education • University of St. Thomas • email@example.com • Modified from Lyn Richards slides on “Computing Qualitative Research with QSR NUD*IST rev4” • http://www.qsr.com.au/
What do qualitative researchers want to do with data? • What sort of questions? • Theory-seeking, making-sense, pattern-finding. • What sort of data exploration? • Managing complexity, bringing in context, showing diversity. • What sort of answers? • Rigorously argued, vividly illustrated, exploring alternatives, justifying claims.
What are you trying to do? • What do you want to do with the data? • how to manage it? • how to store it? • how to search it? • code it? How? • What sort of data? • how varied? • what is on computer? • what can’t go on?
Questions to Ask Before The Coding Process • Theoretical Framework • Hypotheses or Research Questions • Coding scheme • Creative coding (free nodes) • Descriptive coding (known variables) • Unit of Analysis
Working with documents • Why code? • creative coding records ideas from the data and links to where they came from • descriptive coding records things you know about people, sites, cases etc. • Document Preparations • Save transcripts as plain text (N6) or regular Word document/Web page (Nvivo) • Determine unit of analysis (line, sentence, paragraph, or document)
Data Types • Interviews • Transcripts • Field notes • Focus groups • Structured qualitative questionnaires • Rambling trains of conversation • Compiled evidence and journals • News reports, Web pages, etc
Qualitative Research Examples • Online student interaction patterns • Interviews with special education professionals on attitudes towards students • Social construction of Knowledge in computer-mediated communication
Why Qualitative Research Software • Hand-coding cannot handle large data set • Provides more than just descriptive analyses • Visualization of coding patterns and coding results • Text search • Auto-coding • Cross-tabulation of multiple variables
What Software to Use? • Mac • Text Analysis Markup System (TAMS): Freely available for Mac OS X user http://osx.freshmeat.net/projects/tams/?topic_id=234%2C97%2C858%2C853 • PC • N6: evolved from Non-numerical Unstructured Data Indexing Searching and Theorizing (NUD*IST) • NVivo: analyzes rich text and provides graphical analysis • Free demo for download at http://www.qsr.com.au/products/productoverview/product_overview.htm