Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Integration problems in high functioning autism PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Integration problems in high functioning autism

Integration problems in high functioning autism

140 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Integration problems in high functioning autism

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Integration problems in high functioning autism Dorit Ben Shalom, Zlotowski Centre for Neuroscience, Ben Gurion University of the Negev

  2. An under researched problem By informal estimate, only 10% of people with high functioning ASD have the severe form Researchers have no idea what to look for

  3. My main interest is in the severe form, because so much more is known about the less severe forms

  4. The medial prefrontal cortex and integration in autism Ben Shalom, 2009 Ben Shalom, D. (2009). "The Medial Prefrontal Cortex and Integration in Autism." Neuroscientist:

  5. Logical processing • Level 3 Conscious • Integration • Level 2 Pre-conscious • Animal processing • Level 1 Unconscious •

  6. Emotion the theory of mind hypothesis (Baron-Cohen et al., 1985, Frith & Happe, 1994) Baron-Cohen, S., A. M. Leslie, et al. (1985). "Does the autistic child have a "theory of mind" ?" Cognition 21 (1): 37-46. Frith, U. (1994). "Autism and theory of mind in everyday life." Social Development 3 (2): 108-124.

  7. emotion Autistic Neurotypical spectrum Conscious disorder logical Level 3 processing of emotions Pre-conscious Level 2 integration of emotional states The animal Level 1 level of emotion

  8. Emotion

  9. Memory episodic (Bowler et al., 2000) or ‘complex’ memory atypicalities (Minshew and Williams, 2007) Bowler, D. M., J. M. Gardiner, et al. (2000). "Episodic Memory and Remembering in Adults with Asperger Syndrome." Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 30 (4): 295-304 Minshew, N. J. and D. L. Williams (2007). "The new neurobiology of autism: cortex, connectivity, and neuronal organization." Archives of neurology 64 (7): 945-950.

  10. Memory

  11. Perception the weak coherence hypothesis (Frith, 1989, Happe & Frith, 2006) (emphasis on atypical top down processing) the enhanced perceptual functioning hypothesis (Mottron et al., 2006) (emphasis on enhanced bottom up processing)

  12. Perception

  13. Motor dyspraxia (difficulty in planning complex movements) is more general in ASD, going beyond imitation (mostofsky et al., 2006)

  14. motor Autistic Neurotypical spectrum Conscious disorder logical Level 3 processing of emotions Pre-conscious Level 2 integration of motor actions The animal Level 1 level of motor behavior

  15. Motor

  16. motor emotion memory perception

  17. JS (Smith, 2006) “I have a hard time localizing pain [. . .]. I have a very hard time explaining where aches are located when my doctors ask”

  18. Unrelated JS (Ben Shalom, Faran, & Boucher, 2010) who after 4 repetitions of 8 word pairs with phonological interference knew only 2

  19. Donna Williams (Williams, 2003) “When I was 7 I got a doll's house [. . .]. I picked it up [. . .] in my mouth [. . .]. I later moved onto the series of flattened white blocks [. . .] before stacking them in piles according to size. [. . .] I saw no doll's house”

  20. Ido Kedar (Kedar, 2010) “It was my good fortune that I was able to learn to communicate on letter board or computer with my one finger. Thanks to that, my education is possible”