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The Henrician and Edwardian Reformation, Marian Reaction, and Elizabeth I

The Henrician and Edwardian Reformation, Marian Reaction, and Elizabeth I

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The Henrician and Edwardian Reformation, Marian Reaction, and Elizabeth I

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  1. The Henrician and Edwardian Reformation, Marian Reaction, and Elizabeth I Henry VIII held no Protestant convictions. He objected to papal control of the English Church not for doctrinal reasons, but because he believed that he should be its Supreme Head. In 1521 Henry VIII published a book in defense of the seven sacraments against the ideas of Martin Luther (in the actual writing he was helped by Sir Thomas More,) and willingly accepted from the Pope the reward of the title of "Defender of the Faith."

  2. King Henry VII

  3. Margaret Tudor [to Scotland], Henry VIII’s Sister

  4. Arthur, Prince of Wales[1500] Young Henry VIII

  5. Young Catherine of Aragon

  6. Henry VIII [r. 1509-1547]

  7. Stained Glass Window of Catherine of Aragon

  8. Mary I [28 years old]

  9. Henry VIII’s CHildren 1510 Daughter - died1511 Son - died1513 Son - died1514 Son - died1516 Mary - survived1518 Daughter - died1533 Elizabeth - survived1534 Son - died1535 unknown - died1536 Son - died1537 Edward- survived

  10. Henry Fitzroy (1519-36), Duke of Richmond (1525):Illegitimate Son of Henry VIII

  11. Archbishop Thomas Cranmer

  12. #1--Catherine of Aragon [1485-1536]

  13. Henry VIII

  14. The Henrician Reformation • Catherine of Aragon bore one surviving child- Mary. • Catherine was in her early 40s • Henry asked Pope Clement VII (via Wolsey) for an annulment based on Lev. 18:16 & 20:21 • He fancied Anne Boleyn • C V (HRE) influenced Clement • NO ANNULMENT

  15. Henrician Reformation • The Reformation Parliament (1529-36) andthe twisting of the Papal arm • Charged English Clergy with praemunire • "Submission of the Clergy" (May 1531) • Act in Conditional Restraint of Annates (1532) • Act in Restraint of Appeals (1533) • January 1533, Henry VIII married the pregnant Anne Boleyn, and in May Cranmer dutifully declared the marriage to Catherine invalid. A daughter, Elizabeth, was born in September 1533.

  16. Henrician Reformation • 1534 Act of Supremacy stated simply that the English Monarch (in this case H8) was “the only supreme head on earth of the Church of England.”

  17. #2--Anne Boleyn [1501-1536]

  18. Anne Boleyn Miniature

  19. Queen Elizabeth I [1546]

  20. Tower of Londonfrom the Air

  21. Tower of London:The Bloody Tower

  22. Tower Green[Where Anne Boleyn was Executed]

  23. #3--Jane Seymour [1508-1537]

  24. “Baby” Edward VI

  25. Henry VIII’s Family

  26. Henry VIII Medallion: Head of the Church of England

  27. Sir Thomas More,Lord Chancellor of England

  28. Henry VIII

  29. Thomas Cromwell

  30. #4--Anne of Cleves [1515-1557]

  31. Anne of Cleves

  32. Anne of Cleves Miniature • Henry referred to Anne as “The mare of Flanders” and the union was over with very quickly. Hans Holbein, who painted and delivered the portrait of Anne to Henry was fired.

  33. Henry VIII at Middle Age

  34. #5--Katherine Howard [1525-1542]

  35. Katherine Howard

  36. Hampton Court[Where Katherine Howard Was Arrested]

  37. #6--Katherine Parr [1512-1548]

  38. “Prayers and Meditations” authored by Katherine Parr

  39. Katherine Parr

  40. Henry’s Deathbed

  41. Edward VI

  42. Edward VI [r. 1547-1553]

  43. The Edwardian Reformation • Raised as a Protestant, E VI makes more concrete changes in English Church doctrine • Cranmer introduces the Book of Common Prayer (1549) (: /) • The Act of Uniformity 1549 (An Acte for the unyformytie of Service and Admynistracion of the Sacramentes throughout the Realme.) • All images in churches to be dismantled • Celibacy no longer required by clergy • Lady Jane Gray named as heir

  44. Lady Jane Grey “Ruled” England from July 10–19, 1553

  45. Queen Mary I or “Bloody Mary”[r. 1553 – 1558]

  46. Philip II & Mary Tudor

  47. The Marian, or, Catholic Reaction/Restoration • 1st Act of Parliament was to have H8’s marriage to her mother validated thus invalidating everything that followed. • Cardinal (Pole) became Archbishop of Canterbury (Cranmer’s fate) • Married Philip II of Spain • All who were found guilty of heresy were executed (Foxe’s Book of Martyrs) • Mary dies, 1558, childless

  48. Elizabeth I,Queenat last! r. 1558 - 1603