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Chapter 5: Server Installation
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Chapter 5: Server Installation

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  1. Chapter 5:Server Installation

  2. Learning Objectives • Make installation, hardware, and site-specific preparations to install Windows 2000 Server • Install Windows 2000 Server using different methods, including from a CD-ROM, from the installation disks, over a network, unattended, and from another operating system

  3. Learning Objectives (continued) • Go through a Windows 2000 Server installation step by step, and test the installation • Upgrade a Windows NT server and domain • Create an emergency repair disk

  4. Learning Objectives (continued) • Install a service pack • Troubleshoot installation problems and uninstall Windows 2000 Server

  5. Installation Preparations • Preliminary steps: • Information about what hardware components are installed • Determination of which file system to use • Creation of an Administrator account • Name of the server • An installed NIC • Determine which protocols to install

  6. Example Hardware Components Information Form

  7. Example Hardware Components Information Form (continued)

  8. Note Specifics of Driver Screenshot of hardware device (Ctrl-Alt-PrtScrn)

  9. Troubleshooting Tip • Record the BIOS setup information and save it for later troubleshooting in the event that the computer’s battery is defective or in case you need it to restore one or more BIOS settings • Try f1 on gateway during gateway screen on boot • A lot of systems tell how to get into setup at the beginning of the boot, e.g. “Hit DEL to enter setup

  10. Sample BIOS Setup Screen Note Boot Order Figure 5-1 BIOS setup screen

  11. Troubleshooting Tip • Obtain the latest device drivers before you start the installation, such as those for the NIC, HAL.dll (for SMP computers), SCSI adapters, CD-ROM drives, RAID arrays • Check device site for latest drivers • I suggest you let Win2K install its default, then a later time install newer drivers

  12. Make Important Decisions in Advance • How to partition the disk or disks • What file system(s) to use • What to name the server • What password to use for the Administrator account • What protocols to use • What licensing method to use • Whether to make the server a DC (Domain Controller)

  13. Decide Whether to Set Upa Dual Boot System • Other systems that can reside on the same server as Windows 2000 Server include MS-DOS, Windows 3.x, Windows 95, and Windows 98 • If you decide this, you are limited to a FAT partition

  14. Partitioning • If you create FAT and NTFS partitions, create the FAT partition before you start (or leave an existing FAT partition if you create a dual boot system) • You cannot see NTFS systems from a FAT booted system

  15. Boot.ini File • The Boot.ini file on the system partition contains information about the location of both operating systems in a dual boot configuration

  16. Sample Boot.ini File Figure 5-2 Boot.ini file 2 sections: boot and Operating systems that can be started

  17. Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) pathname • multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINNT="Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional" /fastdetect • Operating system is is a folder \WINNT • multi(0) on a non-scsi disk installed (always has the value 0) • disk(0) (always 0 for non-scsi) • rdisk(0) on first disk on the channel path. 1 for second disk 2 for third disk, 3 for forth disk • partition(1) in partition 1 • multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(1)partition(2) \WINNT="Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional" /fastdetect • Operating system is is a folder \WINNT • multi(0) on a non-scsi disk installed (always has the value 0) • disk(0) (always 0 for non-scsi) • rdisk(1) on second disk on the channel path. • partition(2) in partition 2 • scsi(1)disk(2)rdisk(0)partition(1) \WINNT="Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional" /fastdetect • Operating system is is a folder \WINNT • scsi(0) scsi id = 1 • disk(2) third disk in the scsi chain • rdisk(0) • partition(1) in partition 1

  18. FAT Partitions • Windows 2000 will format a 2 GB or smaller partition as FAT16 and a partition larger than 2 GB as FAT32

  19. Server Naming • Use a name that is easy to type • No to NJrt1242 • Make the name descriptive of the server’s function or of the organization • NCOMPRIME • Select a name that is easy to remember and use • Make sure the name is not already used on the network

  20. Administrator Password • Use a “strong” or difficult-to-guess password for the critical Administrator account • Characteristics of a strong password: • Over seven characters long • Has a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols m1ch@el m!cha3l • Includes at least one symbol in characters two through six

  21. Protocol Selection • Consider using the default TCP/IP setup as a starting point and add other protocols later as needed

  22. Licensing Methods • Per server licensing: A server software license based on the maximum number of clients that log on to the server at one time • Per seat licensing: A server software license that requires that there be enough licenses for all network client workstations

  23. Initial Server Installation • Standalone server: A server that is not a member of a domain, but that is a member of an existing workgroup or that establishes its own workgroup, such as in peer-to-peer networking • Member server: A server that is a member of an existing Windows 2000 domain, but that does not function as a domain controller • (Either type of server can be later set up as a domain controller)

  24. Installation Options • CD-ROM only • Floppy disk and CD-ROM • Network installation • Installation from an existing operating system • Unattended installation

  25. Installation Programs • Use Winnt.exe from scratch (installation disks or CD-ROM) and from computers already booted from MS-DOS or Windows 3.x • Use Winnt32.exe from computers already booted from Windows 95/98, Windows NT, or Windows 2000 (for an upgrade)

  26. Command-line Switches for Winnt

  27. Command-line Switches for Winnt (continued)

  28. Command-line Switches for Winnt32

  29. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued) Debug Log

  30. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)

  31. Command-line Switches for Winnt32 (continued)

  32. CD-ROM Installation • Set the computer’s BIOS to boot first from CD-ROM • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM • Turn the computer off and then back on (you may need to press Enter to boot from CD-ROM) • After Winnt.exe starts, follow the instructions on the screen

  33. Floppy Disk and CD-ROM Installation • Set the BIOS to boot first from drive A: • Power off the computer • Insert Setup Disk #1 and the CD-ROM • Turn on the computer, booting from the Setup Disk #1 • After Winnt.exe starts, insert Setup Disk #2 and follow the on-screen instructions

  34. Making Copies of the Setup Disk • Format 4 floppy disks • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM • Click Start and then click Run • Enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path \bootdisk\makebt32.exe • Click OK • Follow the on-screen instructions

  35. Network Installation • Copy the installation files from the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM which are in the folder \I386 • Share the host’s folder and set appropriate permissions • Map the host’s shared folder from the target server computer • Run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe from the shared folder • Follow the on-screen instructions

  36. Installation from an Existing Operating System • Boot the computer to use its existing operating system • Insert the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM • Click Start, click Run, enter the drive letter of the CD-ROM and the path to the Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe file, such as \I386\winnt32 plus any switches • D:\ENGLISH\WIN2000\SERVER\I386> • Follow the on-screen instructions

  37. Installation Tip • If you install Windows 2000 from MS-DOS, you can reduce the installation time from several hours to under an hour if you start the SMARTDRIVE utility before running Winnt.exe

  38. Unattended InstallationOver the Network • Create an answer file using Setup Manager or Notepad • Use the /s and /u (or /unattend) switches to specify the location of the installation files and of the answer file such as: • Winnt32 /s:\\mainserver\I386 /unattend:unattend.txt • Use a uniqueness database and the /UDF switch to further customize the unattended installation

  39. Unattended Installation via CD-ROM • An alternative to a unattended network installation is to create an answer file to use along with booting via the CD-ROM, but name the file, Winnt.sif

  40. Creating Duplicate Unattended Installations • Use Sysprep.exe to clone computers that have the same hardware configuration • Use Syspart.exe to clone computers that have different hardware configurations

  41. Installation Troubleshooting Tip • If Setup starts, but does not find mass storage, restart the installation, press F6 as soon as possible and load the manufacturer’s driver (such as for a SCSI adapter) • If Setup does not start because you are using an SMP computer, restart the installation, press F5, and provide the computer manufacturer’s Hal.dll

  42. Installation Part 1 • When the Windows Setup starts, it inspects the computer hardware and loads drivers and then presents a screen on which to press Enter to start the installation

  43. Installation Part 1(continued) Figure 5-3 Beginning setup options

  44. Installation Part 1(continued) • Read the licensing agreement and press F8 • Select the partitioned or unpartitioned disk space on which to install Windows 2000

  45. Installation Part 1(continued) Figure 5-4 Detecting partitions

  46. Installation Part 1(continued) • Select the file system to use, FAT or NTFS • Setup automatically checks the disks, copies files, and reboots into the graphical mode

  47. Quick Quiz You have a 1 GB partition that you want to format for FAT. What version of FAT will Windows 2000 use to format this partition? Answer: FAT16 The ___________________ file contains information about the location of both operating systems in a dual-boot system. Answer: Boot.ini When the ARC path starts with multi(), this means that Answer: the operating system is located on a non-SCSI or on a SCSI disk with the BIOS enabled .The password auto!2#rank is an example of a _____________________ password. Answer: strong Which Winnt32.exe command enables you to create a log from which to analyze installation problems? Answer: /debug level:file

  48. Installation Part 2 • Setup gathers and verifies information about the computer, such as the keyboard and pointing device • Setup next enables you to configure regional and keyboard settings, such as the language that you use

  49. Installation Part 2(continued) • Enter your name and the name of your organization • Enter the product key which is obtained from the back of the Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM jewel case

  50. Installation Part 2(continued) Figure 5-5 Name and organization information