Napoleon Crossing the St. Bernard(1800) ~Jacques-Louis David • Napoleon in his famous crossing of the Alps. • Painting took two years to finish. • Propaganda? • Napoleon actually crossed the Alps on a mule. • Mules have better balance and traction, are lower to the ground, and do better in cold weather.
Napoleon Crossing the Alps (1848) • ~Paul Delaroche • More Accurate? • Compare this image with the previous image! • What differences do you see? • Painted about 30 years after Napoleon's death. • A painting like this would have never been acceptable to Napoleon, because it doesn't glorify him.
Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of the Empress Josephine in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris on 2 Dec 1804 ~Jacques-Louis David
Consecration of the Emperor Napoleon I and Coronation of the Empress Josephine in the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris on 2 Dec 1804 ~Jacques-Louis David • Napoleon's Coronation-This large painting (6’x9’) took two years to complete! Propaganda? • Long, detailed title - meant to immortalize event in history • Napoleon's parents disapproved of his coronation of himself as Emperor of France - they never attended the coronation ceremony • Parents added to painting - shows approval of him being emperor (Middle, just left of Napoleon in the throne in the back).
It was also thought that if Napoleon were portrayed as crowning himself, he would come off as “full of himself” so David painted Napoleon crowning his wife Josephine.
Napoleon in His Study (1812) ~Jacques-Louis David • Another oil painting done by Napoleon's favorite painter, David. • This one was painted in 1812, near the end of his glorious empire. • Click here to find out what is going on in the painting: • http://www.nga.gov/kids/napoleon/nap3.htm
Napoleon at Fontainebleau after the first abdication 6 April 1814 ~Paul Delaroche Compare this image with the previous one
Episode of the Retreat from Russia (1835) ~Joseph Ferdinand Boissard de Boisdenier
Episode of the Retreat from Russia (1835) ~Joseph Ferdinand Boissard de Boisdenier In Napoleon’s wake [was] a mob of tattered ghosts draped in…odd pieces of carpet, or greatcoats burned dull of holes, their feet wrapped in all sorts of rags…[We] stared in horror as those skeletons of soldiers went by their gaunt, gray faces covered with disfiguring beards, without…weapons…with lowered heads, eyes on the ground, in absolute silence.” ~ Memoirs of Philippe Paul de Segur, French general and historian
Ségur reported the retreating French army had engaged in cannibalism. • Campaign was Napoleon's worst blunder • Began with 600,000 men • Returned to France with just over 50,000.
Caricature of Napoleon's Russian campaign. • Note that his face is composed of the corpses of his own (and Russian) troops.
Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure
Napoleon Bonamite http://www.noob.us/humor/robot-chicken-napoleon-bonamite/