Progressivism and the WWI Home Front • I. Early Protest • II. Theodore Roosevelt • III. Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson • World War One Home Front • Civil Liberties
Average Work Week for Laborer: 52 Hours
American Children in 1910 • Only 1/3 enrolled in primary schools completed their courses. • Less than 1/10 finished high school
Eugene V. Debs “Too long have the workers of the world waited for some Moses to lead them out of bondage. I would not lead you out if I could; for if you could be led out, you could be led back again. I would have you make up your minds there is nothing that you cannot do for yourselves.”
Theodore Dreiser “Our civilization is still in a middle stage, scarcely beast, in that it is no longer wholly guided by instinct; scarcely human, in that it is not yet wholly guided by reason.”
Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle “Other men . . . worked in tank-rooms full of steam, . . . in which there were open vats upon the level of the floor, their particular trouble was that they fell into the vats . . . . Sometimes they would be overlooked for days, til all but the bones of them had gone out to the world as Anderson’s Pure Beef Lard!”
Theodore Roosevelt “The absolute vital question, was whether the government had power to control” the trusts.
Theodore Roosevelt expanded the National Park System by 125 million acres.
No harm came from the concentration of power in one man’s hands, “provided the holder does not keep it for more than a certain, definite time, and then returns it to the people from which it sprang.” - Theodore Roosevelt
The New Nationalism • Women’s suffrage • Popular election of United States Senators • Conservation of natural resources • Restriction of child labor • Worker’s compensation • A Federal income tax • An inheritance tax
The New Freedom “Free men need no Guardians”
Trusts Using the Mallet of the Tariff to Drive Up Profits at the Expense of the Consumer
Anti-Trust Cartoon This Sentiment led to the Creation of the Federal Trade Commission
Woodrow Wilson on War “It is not an army that we must shape and train for war, it is a nation.”
Revenue Act of 1916 • Raised taxes on high incomes and corporate profits. • Estate tax.