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Progressivism and the WWI Home Front

Progressivism and the WWI Home Front

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Progressivism and the WWI Home Front

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  1. Progressivism and the WWI Home Front • I. Early Protest • II. Theodore Roosevelt • III. Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson • World War One Home Front • Civil Liberties

  2. I. Early Protest

  3. Percentage of Wealth Owned by Richest 2% of the Population

  4. J. P. Morgan’s 1600 ton steam yacht

  5. Average Work Week for Laborer: 52 Hours

  6. Child Working in the Coal Mines

  7. American Children in 1910 • Only 1/3 enrolled in primary schools completed their courses. • Less than 1/10 finished high school

  8. Eugene V. Debs “Too long have the workers of the world waited for some Moses to lead them out of bondage. I would not lead you out if I could; for if you could be led out, you could be led back again. I would have you make up your minds there is nothing that you cannot do for yourselves.”

  9. 1912

  10. Theodore Dreiser “Our civilization is still in a middle stage, scarcely beast, in that it is no longer wholly guided by instinct; scarcely human, in that it is not yet wholly guided by reason.”

  11. Henry Demarest Lloyd, Author of Wealth Against Commonwealth (1896)

  12. Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle “Other men . . . worked in tank-rooms full of steam, . . . in which there were open vats upon the level of the floor, their particular trouble was that they fell into the vats . . . . Sometimes they would be overlooked for days, til all but the bones of them had gone out to the world as Anderson’s Pure Beef Lard!”

  13. Jane Addams

  14. II. Theodore Roosevelt

  15. Theodore Roosevelt “The absolute vital question, was whether the government had power to control” the trusts.

  16. Popular Pressure to continue Trust Busting, 1905

  17. Hepburn Act, 1906

  18. Origins of Food and Drug Administration

  19. Theodore Roosevelt expanded the National Park System by 125 million acres.

  20. 1902 Cartoon

  21. No harm came from the concentration of power in one man’s hands, “provided the holder does not keep it for more than a certain, definite time, and then returns it to the people from which it sprang.” - Theodore Roosevelt

  22. Roosevelt Engineered Taft’s Nomination in 1908

  23. III. Roosevelt, Taft & Wilson

  24. Split in the Republican Party, 1910

  25. The New Nationalism • Women’s suffrage • Popular election of United States Senators • Conservation of natural resources • Restriction of child labor • Worker’s compensation • A Federal income tax • An inheritance tax

  26. Woodrow Wilson

  27. The New Freedom “Free men need no Guardians”

  28. Election of 1912

  29. Trusts Using the Mallet of the Tariff to Drive Up Profits at the Expense of the Consumer

  30. Anti-Trust Cartoon This Sentiment led to the Creation of the Federal Trade Commission

  31. IV. World War One Home Front

  32. Woodrow Wilson on War “It is not an army that we must shape and train for war, it is a nation.”

  33. Training Doughboys for World War One

  34. One of the Commission on Training Camp Activities “Sin Free” Zones

  35. Rise in Federal Budget

  36. 2/3 of the money came from bonds

  37. Revenue Act of 1916 • Raised taxes on high incomes and corporate profits. • Estate tax.