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GEOLOGICAL PowerPoint Presentation


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  1. GEOLOGICAL TIME PROJECT By: Brian Period 5 11-12-04

  2. Cambrian • Ordovician • Silurian • Devonian • Mississippian • Pennsylvanian • Permian GEOLOGICAL ERAS Exit Project Pre-Cambrian • Pre-Cambrian Paleozoic • Triassic • Jurassic • Cretaceous Mesozoic Cenozoic • Tertiary • Quaternary

  3. Pre-Cambrian Era Began: 4600 million years ago (mya) Ended:570 mya Duration of Time: 4030 million years (my) • Pre-Cambrian Era makes up about 90% of Earth’s history. • Earth developed, forming mountains, seas, the atmosphere, and the origins of life. • Fossils are rare because many of them were soft bodied animals. • Fossils did not preserve well anyway because many of the rocks formed in the Pre-Cambrian Era were igneous rocks and objects do not preserve well in igneous rocks. • Most fossils were single-celled organisms. Navigational Era Slide Exit Project

  4. Pre-Cambrian Organisms Spriggina Floundersi, Segmented Worm Anthozoa Coral Medusina mawsoni, Jellyfish Navigational Era Slide Exit Project

  5. Paleozoic EraThe Age of Invertebrates Began: 570 mya Ended: 225 mya Duration of Time: 345 my Mississippian Period Cambrian Period Pennsylvanian Period Ordovician Period Permian Period Silurian Period Devonian Period Navigational Era Slide Exit Project

  6. Cambrian Period Began: 570 mya Ended: 500 mya Duration of Time: 70 my • All organisms lived in the sea. • The Burgess Shale was formed in this period and has well preserved fossils such as worms and other soft bodied organisms. • Trilobites, crab-like bottom scavengers, were the most common fossils of the period. • Brachiopods, clam-like organisms, are the 2nd most common organism in the Cambrian Period. Paleozoic Era Slide

  7. Cambrian Organisms Trilobite Fossilized Algae Brachiopod Paleozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  8. Ordovician Period Began: 500 mya Ended: 425 mya Duration of Time: 75 my • Hard-shelled animals develop. • Ordovician seas over North America deposit many sediments forming sedimentary rock. • Lava flows were common in Europe and North America. • A warm climate was common in the Northern Hemisphere, but it was colder in the Southern Hemisphere. Paleozoic Era Slide

  9. Ordovician Organisms Bryozoans Favistella Rugosa Coral Paleozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  10. Silurian Period Began: 425 mya Ended: 405 mya Duration of Time: 20 my • Plants appear. Oldest plant fossils found in the Silurian Period are found in Australia. • Mountains were developed by lava flow in Britain and Scandinavia. • Salt deposits form in the New York, Ohio, and Michigan area. • Tectonic plates start to form Pangea. Paleozoic Era Slide

  11. Silurian Organisms Halysite Euryptid Eurypterus Echinoderm Paleozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  12. Devonian Period Began: 405 mya Ended: 345 mya Duration of Time: 60 my • First land animals appear. The majority of them are amphibians. • Spiders and insects also appear. • New English and Canadian mountain building occurs. White Mountains form in Alaska Paleozoic Era Slide

  13. Devonian Organisms Cladoselache Bothriolepis Dinichthys Paleozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  14. Mississippian Period Began: 345 mya Ended: 310 mya Duration of Time: 35 my • Named for limestone bluffs on the Mississippi River. • Middle North America was submerged under seas • Amphibians develops even more • Extensive submergence of the continents. Paleozoic Era Slide

  15. Mississippian Organisms Onychaster, Mississippian Starfish Cephalapod Edophosaurus Paleozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  16. Pennsylvanian Period Began: 310 mya Ended: 280 mya Duration of Time: 30 my • Coal-forming swamps in North America and Europe grow. • Reptiles appeared from amphibian ancestors. They lived on land. • Amphibians still grow in numbers. • Fossils of reptiles are numerous in shales in Kansas. Paleozoic Era Slide

  17. Pennsylvanian Organisms An illustrated Diplovertebron Branch of a Cordaite Lepidodendron Paleozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  18. Permian Period Began: 280 mya Ended: 230 mya Duration of Time: 50 my • Appalachian and Ural mountains form. • South America was in an ice age for the majority of this period. • Salt forming deserts develop in the Western U.S. • Brachiopods, trilobites, bryozoans, and many other dominant species died out by now. Paleozoic Era Slide

  19. Permian Organisms Mesosaurus Cooperoceras Diplocaulus Paleozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  20. Mesozoic Era The Age of Reptiles Began: 230 mya Ended: 70 mya Duration of Time: 160 my Triassic Period Jurassic Period Cretaceous Period Navigational Era Slide Exit Project

  21. Triassic Period Began: 230 mya Ended: 180 mya Duration of Time: 50 my • The Palisade Mountains are formed in California. • Volcanism in New England and New Jersey. • Reptiles flourish in this period. • Forests of conifers and cycads appear. Mesozoic Era Slide

  22. Triassic Organisms Saltoposuchus Plateosaurus Kannemeyeria Mesozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  23. Jurassic Period Began: 180 mya Ended: 135 mya Duration of Time: 45 my • First mammals and birds appear • Conifers and cycads become abundant • Western U.S. mountains such as Sierra Nevada's and Range Mountains. The Great Basin was also formed • Many modern forms of insects appear. Mesozoic Era Slide

  24. Jurassic Organisms Cryptocleidus Brontosaurus Stegosaurus Mesozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  25. Cretaceous Period Began: 135 mya Ended: 70 mya Duration of Time: 65 my • Andes and Rockies were formed. Mountain building in Antarctica and Northeastern Asia occurs. • Many modern trees such as oak, beech, holly, and ivy appear. • Dinosaurs and reptiles are the dominant species. • Also marks the end of the dominance of dinosaurs and reptiles. Mesozoic Era Slide

  26. Cretaceous Organisms Tyrannosaurus Triceratops Brachiosaurus Mesozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  27. Cenozoic PeriodThe Age of Mammals Began: 70 mya Ended: TO THE PRESENT Duration of Time: 70 my (so far) Tertiary Period Quaternary Period Navigational Era Slide Exit Project

  28. Tertiary Period Began: 70 mya Ended: 1.8 mya Duration of Time: 68.2 my • The Alps in Europe rose. • Primates, horses, and human-like organisms appear. • Many mammals take on their modern day appearance. Cenozoic Era Slide

  29. Tertiary Organisms Notharctus Diatryma Hyracotherium Cenozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  30. Quaternary Period Began: 1.8 mya Ended: TO THE PRESENT Duration of Time: 1.8 my (so far) • Ice age covers most of the Northern Hemisphere in continental ice caps. • First humans appear. • Civilization begins in the Quaternary Period. Cenozoic Era Slide

  31. Quaternary Organisms Wooly Mammoth Bison Human Skeleton, Neanderthal Cenozoic Era Slide Exit Project

  32. Thank You I hope you enjoyed my Geologic Time Project. Ice Age Exit Presentation Navigational Era Slide