Environmentalism 171-172 • Nature has inherent value • Technology should be more sensitive to nature • Human beings should pursue a practice of limited growth
Liberal or Conservative? • Pollution? • Global Warming? • Endangered Species? • Clean Water? • Deforestation? • Animal Rights? • Recycling?
History • John Muir-Naturalist who described nature in prose. Argued that nature has value by itself. • Rachel Carson-Marine Biologist, criticized the chemical industry for using hazardous chemicals on crops (DDT) in Silent Spring. • Paul Ehrlich- argued that overpopulation of the planet would result in famines and disease.
Ecosocialism (172) • Think back to the movie “The Corporation” • Externalities-someone else’s problem. • Capitalism raises profit and efficiency above all else. • Production should be limited to socially necessary goods
Murray Bookchin (173) • Anarchist-Environmentalist-Argued for sustainability by following the following ideas: • Decentralized government • Participatory democracy • No hierarchy • Respect for the entire planet
Ecofeminism (173-174) • Earth as object to be controlled. • Women as objects to be controlled. • Patriarchy. • Gaia hypothesis.
Deep Ecology (174) • Biocentrism • What’s deep about deep ecology? • Nature has rights. • Balance not domination • List on 175 • Duty to act.
Current Trends (175-179) • Animal Rights • Monkey Wrenching • The Eco-Village Movement • Green Political Parties • Sustainability • Bioregionalism • Genetically Modified Foods (GMO)
Animal Rights (175-176) • Animals have rights. • Not to harmed • Not be experimented on • Endangered species act
Monkey Wrenching • Two kinds • Violent (?) • Nonviolent (?) • Goal is to prevent the smooth flow of an operation that is seen as harmful.
The Eco-Village Movement • Tune in, turn on, drop out. • Communal living, intentional communities.
Green Political Parties • German Green Party 1979 • US Green Party (see list on 178)
Sustainability • Planning for the 7th generation. • Policies: • Natural gas vehicles. • Solar and electric vehicles. • Bicycles and bikeways. • Mass transit • Reduce, reuse, recycle.
Bioregionalism • Boundaries on maps don’t represent natures boundaries. Planning should keep in mind how nature works.
Genetically Modified Foods (GMO) • Question: Doesn't the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) require genetically engineered foods to be safety tested like they do for new drugs and food additives before they are sold to the public for consumption? • Answer: NO! With limited exceptions, under current FDA regulations, companies are not even required to notify the agency they are bringing new genetically engineered products to the market.