Classification of Matter Graphic Organizers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 classification of matter 2 physical vs chemical properties 3 states of matter n.
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Classification of Matter Graphic Organizers

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  1. 1. Classification of Matter 2. Physical vs. Chemical Properties 3. States of Matter Classification of Matter Graphic Organizers The Heart of the Matter

  2. MATTER Mixtures Pure Substances Heterogeneous Homogeneous Elements Compounds Examples: Solution Solute Solvent

  3. MATTER Made of Atoms Has Mass & takes up Space Mixtures Made of more than one type of matter Pure Substances Made of one type of matter Atom + Atom = Element Heterogeneous Made of more than one phase Can be separated Homogeneous one phase Elements Made of one type of atom Compounds Made of 2 or More atoms bonded together Examples: Trail Mix Salad Solution All its regions are Identical Ex: Kool-Aid Atom + Atom = Molecule Solute The stuff that is dissolved In the liquid Ex: Kool-Aid mix Solvent The liquid that forms the solution Ex: Water Molecule + Molecule = Compound

  4. Properties of Matter Chemical Properties Describe how it can form a new substance States Solid Liquid Gas Plasma Physical Properties Describe a Substance Chemical Reactions Atoms in two substances combine to form new substances Signs of Change Odor Change in Temp Change in Color Bubbles form Solids form Characteristics Color Shape Size Texture Mass Volume Density Changes of State Melting Freezing Boiling Condensation Ionization Relaxation Examples 2Na+Cl22NaCl 2H2+O22H2O Examples Burning Rusting Rotting Tarnishing

  5. States of Matter Plasma ________Energy Atoms ____stuck together Gas ______Energy Atoms _____stuck together __________ __________ ____________ ____________ _______Point ______Point Temperature Liquid ____________Energy Atoms __________stuck together _________Point _________ Solid _____Energy Atoms ______stuck together _________Point _____________

  6. States of Matter Plasma Highest Energy Atoms not stuck together Gas High Energy Atoms not stuck together Ionization Relaxation Evaporation Condensation Boiling Point Dew Point Temperature Liquid Medium Energy Atoms loosely stuck together _Melting Point Melting Solid Low Energy Atoms tightly stuck together Freezing Point Freezing

  7. Match the Columns • Molecule____ • Element ____ • Compound ____ • Volume ____ • Mixture ____ • Atom ____ • Mass ____ • Matter ____ • Amount of matter in an object • The smallest building block of matter • 2 or more atoms combined together • The amount of space an object occupies • Is made of atoms • A substance with only 1 type of atom • A substance with 2 or more atoms bound together • A combination of different substances which retain their individual properties

  8. Match the Columns_Answers • Molecule__C__ • Element __F__ • Compound _G__ • Volume _D___ • Mixture __H__ • Atom __B__ • Mass __A__ • Matter __E__ • Amount of matter in an object • The smallest building block of matter • 2 or more atoms combined together • The amount of space an object occupies • Is made of atoms • A substance with only 1 type of atom • A substance with 2 or more atoms bound together • A combination of different substances which retain their individual properties