PEREVALA OLGA Specialized School on Computer Techniques №13, Cherkasy
The Ways of Development Communicative Grammar
Grammar has held & continues to hold a central place in language teaching. It should be integrated into communicative activities.They draw upon the personal feelings and motivation of the students in order to elicit utterances in English that approach genuine communication.
It should be better : • to present new grammar structures in illustrative communicative situations; • pay attention not only to the form of grammar structure but to the meaning & training of the given material in every day life; • students should be aware of the function of new grammar item.
Teaching Communicative Grammar is based on such aspects : Functional Structural Situational content
Grammar is unseparately connected with using of language in daily life and developing speaking skills
Teaching Indefinite Tenses at the elementary level such situations may be used: • Tell us what you usually do at home to help your family with chores; • Tell us what you’ll do at the weekends to help your family clean the house; • Tell us what you planned to do yesterday, but failed.( I didn’t…) • Ask your friend what he/she will do next week;
Explaining Continuous Tenses the following situations may be helpful: • You have come back from school & your brother is at home too. Your mother is still at work .She is calling you because she wants to know what everyone is doing at the moment. You let her know what you & your members of the family are doing; E.g. Tania is riding her bicycle in the yard. Roman is playing the piano. Granny is cooking dinner.
Someone was playing ball outside & broke your neighbour’s window. Your neighbour suspects you of having done this. He comes over & starts accusing you of it.You try to defend yourself & your sister giving your reasons. E.g. I simply can’t have done it. I was staying inside listening to music all the time. My sister was doing her homework.
ILLUSTRATIVE SITUATION • It’s autumn.It is late October. The weather is bad. It is raining heavily. People are hurrying along the street. A young man is standing at a bus stop & waiting. People are looking at him with surprise. Whom is he waiting for ? He has a bunch of red roses in his hand. He is cold. His hands are cold. He is waiting but she is not coming.
Answer the following questions & discuss in groups: • Is the young man waiting for a bus? • Whom is he waiting for? • Why is he standing at a bus stop?
No speaking is possible without the knowledge of grammar, without the forming of a grammar mechanism. • If a learner has acquired such a mechanism, he can produce correct sentences in a foreign language.
Grammar should be well explained. • Grammar schemes & illustrative presentations are of great help in presenting new grammar material
A picture is worth a thousand words A picture is worth a thousand words
Present Continuous Tense VING AM IS ARE +
PLURAL - (e)s [s] [z] [iz] NOUN Number
Singular Plural A cat Cats [s]
A tiger Tigers [z]
A photo Photos [ z ]
A box Boxes [ iz]
It’s much easier to learn Grammar : • Through verses & songs; • Through proverbs & sayings; • Through grammar games; • Through different types of exercises
Poem : “ What are they doing?” • Mom is mending a pocket. • Dad is reading the press. • Bob is making a rocket. • The flat is in the mess. • Mom is cooking dinner, • Dad is playing chess. • Bob is fighting with Nina, • The parents have a stress.
“Are you sleeping, Brother James ?” Are you sleeping , are you sleeping , Brother James ? Morning bells are ringing, Morning bells are ringing. Ding, dong, ding. Ding, dong, ding. Song :
Memorize the following proverbs & sayings paying attention to the use of the Present Continuous Tense. • Know where one is going. • One’s left hand does not know what one’s right hand is doing. • Don’t cut the bough you are standing on. • Fiddle while Rome is burning. • The tortoise wins the race while the hare is sleeping.
Grammar Game “ Make-Believe ” • Teacher: Good morning, children ! The bell has gone. The lesson has begun. You are sitting. I’m standing because I want to see you better. Now I’ll write the date. Oh, I’m tired. I’d better go to the country & go for a walk. The weather is fine, the birds are singing. What am I doing ? Quite right, I’m listening to the birds. Oh, look, how many flowers there are in the field. I’m fond of flowers. What am I doing now ? Yes, I’m picking flowers. Lena, help me, there are so many flowers. What is Lena going ?
Student 1: She is picking flowers. Student 2: She is helping you. You may continue this game between two teams. The first team is “ artists”, another team is ”spectators”. The task is given: “ Make – believe that you are chopping wood “. The first one performs actions, the second team comments them.
Make up the guestions for quiz : “ It’s a superlative world “
Question Blues At first let’s repeat question words by means of
Special Questions is are • the……est • there Where Which What ?
-er -est -more -most Adjective Degrees of Comparison
Which / high / waterfall / world? a) Angel Falls (Venezuela) b) Victoria Falls ( Zimbabwe) c) Niagara Falls (USA/Canada)
a) America b) Africa c) Asia Which /large/ continent / world?
Which /far/ planet /from the sun? a) Neptune b) Pluto c) Uranus
Which / deep / ocean / world? a) Pacific b) Atlantic c) Indian
Where / the Eiffel Tower? a) in London b) in Paris c) in New York
Where / the Statue of Liberty? a) in Washington b) in New York c) in London
How many / continents/ there are/ world? a) five b) four c) six
What / the capital of Italy? a) Madrid b) Cairo c) Rome
Professional Materials from : • English Teaching “ Forum”, Volume 43,№,2005; • English Grammar in proverbs & sayings, L.M. Myedvyedyeva , 1990; • English, January 2004; • Teaching Communicative Grammar ( the article by Moiseyenko N.B.); • Students’ book, 6-th form ,O.Karpyuk