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Putting all the pieces of loan compliance together

Putting all the pieces of loan compliance together

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Putting all the pieces of loan compliance together

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  1. Putting all the pieces of loan compliance together Rebecca Ketter, CCBCO 6/19/09

  2. A Big Year for Changes Unparalleled crisis brings unparalleled reaction… • HOEPA/HMDA • TILA • RESPA • HVCC • SAFE An alphabet soup of changes!!!

  3. “HIGHER PRICED” – 10/1/2009 “Higher-priced mortgage loans” - “consumer credit transactions secured by consumers’ principal dwellings” that are • For first liens - 1.5 percentage points above the “prime offer rate” • For second-lien loans - 3.5 percentage points over • Came to be because of TIL changes. Note: Requirements for “higher-priced loans” extend to home purchase and home improvement loans and refinances as proposed

  4. “HIGHER PRICED” Cont… • Prohibits a lender from making a loan without regard to borrowers' ability to repay the loan from income and assets other than the home's value. • A lender complies, in part, by assessing repayment ability based on the highest scheduled payment in the first seven years of the loan. To show that a lender violated this prohibition, a borrower does not need to demonstrate that it is part of a "pattern or practice." • Prohibits a lender from relying on income or assets that it does not verify to determine repayment ability. • Bans any prepayment penalty if the payment can change during the initial four years. For other higher-priced loans, a prepayment penalty period cannot last for more than two years. • Requires that the lender establish an escrow account for the payment of property taxes and homeowners' insurance for first-lien loans.

  5. HMDA - effective 10/1/09 Compliance is mandatory for loan applications taken on or after October 1, 2009 and for all loans that close on or after January 1, 2010 (regardless of the application date). • Currently a HMDA rate spread is reported if the yield between the APR and Treasury Securities is 3% on first liens and 5% on subordinate liens. • This will be replaced with the “Average Prime Offer Rate” and will now be a rate of 1.5% for first liens and 3.5% for subordinate liens. • HMDA reporting for 2009 shall have January to September 30 applications reported as the 3 to 5 rate spread, and applications taken after October 1 reported using the new 1.5 to 3.5 rate spreads.

  6. Truth In Lending changes • Apply to dwelling-secured consumer loans for which a creditor receives an application on or after July 30, 2009. • Early Disclosures are no longer just for purchases; Truth in Lending now includes: • Refinances • Home Equity (closed-end) • Dwelling secured = no longer just the primary dwelling • 2nd home, for example • Business purpose is still exempt

  7. Early disclosure timing • Deliver or mail no later than three (3) business days after we receive the application. • Applies to purchase. • Applies to Non-purchase. • Applies for primary dwelling. • Applies for a dwelling other than the primary dwelling.

  8. Cannot Charge Fees!!! We cannot charge the customer any fees, other than a credit report fee • Until early disclosures are received by the customer.

  9. We must make corrections!! • Before closing (at least 3 days before) • If the APR falls outside of tolerance limits (more than 1/8 of 1 percentage point in a regular transaction, or more than 1/4 of 1 percentage point in an irregular transaction, as defined in §226.22(a)) – this limit did not change • New disclosures must be sent • No later than 3 business days before closing

  10. We must wait! Seven (7) business day waiting period • Creditors must wait seven business days after they provide the early disclosures before closing the loan

  11. Waiting Period for Corrected Disclosures • Closing may not occur until 3 business days after the consumer receives the corrected disclosures. • New rules assume receipt is 3 business days after mailing, • thus closing can be not sooner than 6 days after sending the corrected disclosures. • Board stated they will not adopt separate rules or presumptions for overnight shipping or electronic delivery.

  12. Business Day – Different Definitions • Business Day for Early Disclosures • 3 business days and uses the "days on which a creditor’s offices are open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its business functions" definition (to remain consistency between TILA and RESPA) • Business Day for Waiting Periods • (7 business days to consummation; 3 business days for corrected) = "all calendar days except Sundays and specified legal public holidays specified at 5 USC 6103(a)"

  13. Clear as mud?

  14. January 1, 2010 - RESPA • New Application Definition • New Good Faith Estimate (now 3 pages long) • New HUD-1 (also now 3 pages in length) • New HUD-1a • Servicing disclosure – was effective January 16, 2009

  15. Principles of RESPA Reform • Help consumers shop for the best loan • Shopping leads to greater competition & lower prices • Key final terms of the loan disclosed to the borrower at closing • Preserve a competitive market for all settlement service providers

  16. Application Not until 1/1/2010 • Applicationmeans the submission of a borrower’s financial information in anticipation of a credit decision relating to a federally related mortgage loan, which shall include: • the borrower’s name, • the borrower’s monthly income, • the borrower’s social security number to obtain a credit report, the property address, • an estimate of the value of the property, • the mortgage loan amount sought, • and any other information deemed necessary by the loan originator. • An application may either be in writing or electronically submitted, including a written record of an oral application.

  17. Good Faith Estimate Changes Some closing costs will have tolerance levels; we will have 30 days from the date of closing to correct errors, and repay consumers any overcharges, to avoid violations. • Zero (0%) for: • (i) The origination charge; • (ii) While the borrower’s interest rate is locked, the credit or charge for the interest rate chosen; • (iii) While the borrower’s interest rate is locked, the adjusted origination charge; and • (iv) Transfer taxes. • 10 % for: • Lender required settlement services • Lender-required services, title services and required title insurance, and owner’s title insurance… • Government recording charges.

  18. Lets take a look.

  19. Binding GFE – effective 1/1/2010 The loan originator is bound, within the tolerances, to the settlement charges and terms listed on the GFE provided to the borrower, unless a new GFE is provided prior to settlement.

  20. GFE Page 1 • Important dates • Summary of loan terms • Escrow account information • Summary of settlement charges

  21. GFE Page 1

  22. GFE Page 2 • contains all costs associated with the loan • two categories: • Adjusted Origination Charges • All Other Settlement Services

  23. GFE Page 2

  24. GFE Page 3 • Primarily an instruction page • List of which charges can change • Table of other loan options • Shopping chart

  25. GFE Page 3 Instructions

  26. Moving on to the HUD (settlement statement)

  27. HUD-1 Settlement Statement

  28. In General • revised to compare with GFE • categorized - eliminate fee proliferation • 3rd party charges listed outside column • added page to HUD-1/1A • highlights key loan terms

  29. Right-to-Cure Inadvertent or technical errors not a violation of RESPA Section 4 IF revised HUD-1 is provided within 30 calendar days after settlement

  30. HUD-1 Page 2 34

  31. Fee Categories – 700s • eliminated commission percentage • Lines 701 & 702 = commission split • Line 703 = disbursed commission • Line 704 = if outside settlement; P.O.C. 35

  32. Fee Categories – 1100s “Title services” Means any service involved in the provision of title insurance (Lender’s & Owner’s) 36

  33. “Title Service” • Includes, but is not limited to… • title examination & evaluation • preparation & issuance of commitment • preparation & issuance of policies • AND • all administrative services & processing services required to perform these functions • (e.g. document delivery, preparation & copying, wiring, endorsements, & notary) 37

  34. HUD-1, page 3 38

  35. Comparison Chart • compares charges listed on GFE & • actual charges listed on the HUD-1/1A • identifies tolerance compliance • or violation • 3 categories: charges that cannot • increase, sum of charges that cannot • increase more than 10% and charge • that can increase 39

  36. Comparison Chart 40

  37. Loan Terms • ensures borrowers that they • received loan applied they • applied for • highlights key loan terms 41

  38. Loan Terms 42

  39. HVCC • Home Valuation Code of Conduct • Loans originated on or after May 1, 2009, and delivered to Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. • The purpose of HVCC is to preserve Appraiser independence from improper influence by the parties who order appraisals. • Independence from Loan Production. All members of a lender’s loan production staff are prohibited from selecting or otherwise influencing the selection of an appraiser, as well as having any substantive communications with an appraiser relating to the appraiser’s valuation. • Borrower must be given a copy of any appraisal report concerning the borrower's subject property, promptly upon completion, and no less than three days prior to the closing of the loan. • Lenders are required to perform quality control tests on a randomly selected 10 percent sample of the appraisals or valuations used by the lender.

  40. S.A.F.E. act of 2008 • Establishes Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and Registry comprehensive database • Coverage – “Loan originators” - Takes loan applications and offers or negotiates terms of loans for compensation or gain. (Advising on loan terms, preparing loan packages, or collecting information on behalf of the consumer would qualify as “origination.”) • Minimum Standards – For state licensing and registry laws for “originators” include: • Annual licensing and registration; • Unique identifier; fingerprints and background checks: • Demonstrated financial responsibility, character, and general fitness • Minimum educational requirements and written examination • Restrictions against licensees being issued to persons that have had license revoked, pled guilty or been convicted of a financial crime or breach of trust

  41. You’re SAFE for now… • The federal agencies released a proposed rule to implement S.A.F.E. on June 1, 2009 • The database established by the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (CSBS) and the American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators (AARMR) to support the licensing of mortgage loan originators by the States is not ready.