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PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS. How to form these verbal tenses ( revision ) How to use them together Examples and exercises. Past Simple Tense. Regular Verbs : We add –ED to the verbs - walk → walk ed - try → tr ied - stop → stop ped - love → love d
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PAST SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS Howtoformthese verbal tenses (revision) Howto use themtogether Examples and exercises
Past Simple Tense • Regular Verbs: Weadd–ED totheverbs - walk→ walked - try → tried - stop → stopped - love → loved • Irregular Verbs: We use theform of thesecondcolumn of your irregular verbslist. BUILD builtbuilt GO wentgone SWIM swamswum PUT putput
Past Simple Tense • AffirmativeSentences - I / He walked in thepark - I / He wenttothepark • NegativeSentences - I / He didn’twalk in thepark - I / He didn’tgotothepark • InterrogativeSentences - Didyou / he walk in thepark? - Didyou / he gotothepark? • Short answers - Yes, I / he did (walk / go). - No, I / he didn’t (walk / go)
PastContinuous Tense • We use thepast tense of theverb “TO BE” (was / were) as anauxiliaryverb • Weaddthe –ING form of themainverb. - PLAY→ PLAYING - SWIM → SWIMMING - WRITE → WRITING • Both are necessary - Wewereplaying… - Theywereswimming…
Pastcontinuous Tense • AffirmativeSentences - I waswalking/ He waswalkingin thepark - I wasgoing/ He wasgoingtothepark • NegativeSentences - I wasn’twalking in thepark - He wasn’tgoingtothepark • InterrogativeSentences - Wereyouwalking in thepark? - Washe goingtothepark? • Short answers - Yes, I / he was (walk / go). - No, Theyweren’t (walk / go)
Past Simple and ContinuousUse of WHEN and WHILE Describe thesituation in English RINGGGG, RINGGGGGGG!
Past Simple and ContinuousUse of WHEN and WHILE Whenthephone RANG, he WAS PLAYING the piano. He WAS PLAYING the piano whenthephone RANG. While he WAS PLAYING the piano, thephone RANG. Thephone RANG while he WAS PLAYING the piano.
Past Simple and ContinuousUse of WHEN and WHILE Thesetwo tenses can becombined in thefollowingway: • WHEN + PAST SIMPLE TENSE - When I woke up, thesunwasshining - Thesunwasshiningwhen I woke up. • WHILE + PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE - Whileshewasplayingthe piano, thedoorbellrang - Thedoorbellrangwhileshewasplayingthe piano. (Check “ONLINE RESOURCES” for extra activities)
PastPerfect Simple: form and use • AffirmativeSentences - I / He hadwalkedin theparkbeforeyou CALLED Sarah. - I / He hadgivenyouthebookwhen I CAME in. • NegativeSentences - I / He hadn’twalked… - I / He hadn’tgiven… • InterrogativeSentences - Hadyou / he walked…? - Hadyou / he given ? • Short answers - Yes, I / he had(walk / give). - No, I / he hadn’t(walk / give)
TIME LINE FOR PAST TENSES • Past Simple tense – Chronologicalorder • Past tense and continuous tense forthedurativeaction • PastPerfect – fromthepastto a former time (flashback)