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中考专题复习 2 冠词 PowerPoint Presentation
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中考专题复习 2 冠词

中考专题复习 2 冠词

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中考专题复习 2 冠词

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  1. 中考专题复习2冠词

  2. 不定冠词a,an • 主要用法: • 1. 用来表示一类人或事物,如:She is a teacher. • 2. 指某一类人或事物中的一个,如:An elephant is bigger than a horse. • 3. 泛指某一人或事物,如:A man is waiting for you at the school gate. • 4. 相当于“one”的概念,如:I just bought a new dictionary. • 5. 其主要的难点是用在固定词组中: • 如:have a walk/a rest /a look in a hurry 匆匆忙忙 • make a face 作鬼脸 do sb a favour 帮某人忙 • a number of =many have a good time (玩得好) • have a cold (感冒) have a headache (头痛) • have a break=have a rest等

  3. 二、不定冠词a,an的辨析 • 1、不定冠词a, an • a用在辅音音素开头的词前 eg. a book • a useful book a “u” • [ju:sful] [ju:] • an用于元音开头的词前. eg. an apple • an hour an “F” • [au] [ef]

  4. 三、定冠词the • 1)特指某人/某物 • The book on the desk is mine. • 2)世上独一无二的事物前 • the sun , the moon, the earth, the sky • 3)形、副最高级及序数词前 • The third boy is the tallest of all. • (但当这些词前已有其他限定词,如物主代词、所有格、指示代词时,则不能再用the) • He is my first English teacher. • 4)the + 姓的复数表示 “某家人”或“某夫妇”。 the Greens 格林一家/ 格林夫妇

  5. 5)上文已提过的人、物前6)西洋乐器前play the piano, play the drum7)方位词前on the left/right, in the east/west/south/north8)某些形容词前,指某一类人the old, the fat9)专有名词前the Great Wall, the Yellow River10)固定词组in the morning

  6. 四、不用冠词的情况 • 1、(1) 名词前已有指示代词,(this,that,these,those) • e.g. This is my pen. • (2) 形容词性物主代词(my,his,our等) • e.g. Do you like that boat? • (3) 名词所有格 • e.g. They are Rose’s books.

  7. 2. 语言,学科,三餐,球类,棋类前 4 人名,国名前 注意,the US, the UK除外 3 星期,月份,季节,节日前 5 固定词组,e.g. by bike

  8. Exercise

  9. B ( )1.There is ____ “s” in ____ word “bus”. A. a ; a B. an ; the C. a ; the D. an ; a( )2.Maths is ___ useful subject. You can’t drop it , I think. A. an B. a C. the D. /( )3.____ bad weather it is! A. How B. What a C. How a D. What B D

  10. ( )4.—What color is ___ orange? --It’s _____ orange. A. an; an B. an ; the C. an ; / D. / ; an( )5.Mr. Li is ____ old worker. A. an B. a C. some D. /( )6.Look at ____ picture! There’s ____ house in it. A. a ; a B. the ; the C. a ; the D. the; a C A D

  11. A ( )7.One morning he found ____ handbag. There was ___ “s” on the corner of ___ handbag. A. a ; an ; the B. a ; a ; the C. a ; a ; a D. the ; an ; a( )8.What ___ interesting story it is! A. a B. an C. the D. /( )9.Meimei is ___ best student in her class. A. a B. an C. / D. the B D

  12. B ( )10.Tom is ___ kind boy. All ___ students love him. A. a ; / B. a ; the C. an ; / D. an ; the ( )11.Is ___ book on the desk mine? Yes. A. the B. a C. an D. /( )12.Even while he was in ___ hospital, he went on writing songs. A. a B. an C. the D. / A D

  13. ( )13.Don’t read _____. A. in bed B. in the bed C. on bed D. on the bed( )14.Smith is ____ honest man. A. a B. the C. an D. /( )15.China has ___ population of 1,200,000,000. A. / B. an C. the D. a A C D

  14. A ( )16.What’s ____ for “椅.子”? A. English B. an English C. the English D. any English( )17.Mary is ___ cleverer of the two girls. A. the B. a C. an D. much ( )18.____ young must look after ___ old. A. The ; a B. The ; the C. A ; a D. A ; the A B

  15. C ( )19. ___ earth is one of ____ planets. A. The ; sun’s B. The ; the sun C. The ; the sun’s D. The ; the suns’( )20.Tokyo is ___. A. the capital of Japan B. capital of Japan C. Japan capital D. a capital of Japan( )21.Kate sometimes plays ___ violin(小提琴) and sometimes plays ___ table tennis before supper. A. / ; the B. the ; / C. the ; the D. / ; / A B

  16. D ( )22. –Have you seen ___ pencil? I left it here this morning. --Is it ___ red one ? I saw it. A. a ; the B. the ; the C. the ; a D. a ; a ( )23.There is_______ orange tree behind_____ house. A. an ; the B. a ; a C. the ; the D. an ; /( )24.—How long did you stay there ? --About half ___ hour. A. / B. one C. a D. an A D