Figurative Language • Figurative Language refers to any language that uses images or language that makes different kinds of comparisons. Some examples of figurative language are:
Imagery • Imagery is language that appeals to the senses of hearing, touch, taste, sight or smell.
Hyperbole • Hyperbole is an obvious exaggeration, usually intended to be funny. • Examples: • The pavement was so hot, our feet fried. • I’m so hungry I could eat a horse.
Metaphor • A metaphor compares two unlike things without using the word like or as. • Examples: • The streetlight was my security guard. • The sudden storm was a ferocious beast descending down upon us.
Simile • A simile is a description that compares two unlike things to one another using the words like or as. • Examples: • His eyes are as blue as the sky. • My uncle is as goofy as a clown!
He loves the scent of blossoming flowers and the warbles of birds. • imagery
Her head was so full of ideas that it was ready to burst wide open. • hyperbole
My daughter is the sun and the moon to me. • metaphor
I was so hungry that I even ate the plate! • hyperbole
Dessert was a dark chocolate covered with slurpy, pink ice cream. • imagery
Symbolism Symbolism: a symbol is something that can stand for itself or for something else. • Examples: • The dove is a symbol of peace. • Children are a symbol of innocence.
Alliteration • Alliteration: the repeating of the beginning sounds in words. • Examples: • She sells seashells by the seashore. • Mr. Miller makes maple muffins.
Onomatopoeia • Onomatopoeia is the formation of a word by imitation of its sound. • Examples: • Bang • Buzz • Crack • Snap • Pop • Thump • Sizzle
Personification • Personification is giving human qualities to something that is non-human. • Examples: • The wind whispered through the trees. • The large boulder refused to budge.
Oxymoron • Oxymoron: Two words of opposite meaning placed next to each other and read as one phrase. • Examples: • Jumbo shrimp • Student teacher • Inside out
Irony • Use of words that intend to convey the opposite meaning. Irony forms the basis of sarcasm and humor. • Examples: • Wow. Great shirt! • The fire chief’s house burned down. • A car smashes into a school for safe driving.