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Labor Migration in the GMS The World Bank Program PowerPoint Presentation
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Labor Migration in the GMS The World Bank Program

Labor Migration in the GMS The World Bank Program

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Labor Migration in the GMS The World Bank Program

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  1. March 14, 2007 Labor Migration in the GMS The World Bank Program

  2. Structure • Labor Migration in the GMS • The World Bank Program

  3. I.Labor Migration in the GMS: Migration Patterns Source: International Migration in Thailand, ILO and Ministry of Labor, Thailand

  4. I. Labor Migration in the GMS: Featuresspecific to the GMS • Undocumented migration • Informal channelling of remittances • Internal displacement and refugees • Close link between domestic and cross-border migration

  5. II. The World Bank Program:Objectives • Improve knowledge on labor migration issues in the GMS with a focus on socio-economic impact on sending and receiving countries as part of GMS Working Group on Human Resource Development • Raise awareness of decision makers • Strengthen the capacity of governments and development partners

  6. II. The World Bank Program:Outputs • Literature review • New analysis: • 2000 Thailand Population Census • 2003 Thailand Agricultural Census • Kanchanaburi Demographic Surveillance System (IPSR) • New survey, Prey Veng, Cambodia 2006

  7. II. The World Bank Program:Issues • Demographics of migrants • Migration process • Living and working conditions of migrants • Evolution of policies and shaping factors • Impact of migration on migrants and families • Impacts of migration on sending and receiving countries

  8. II. The World Bank Program:Benefits of Migration Employment: • Migrants: Employment opportunity and higher income than in country of origin • Country of origin: Reduced unemployment • Receiving country (Thailand): Helps cover labor market gaps

  9. II. The World Bank Program:Benefits Continued Economic growth in receiving country: • Migrant workers contribute to economic growth in Thailand • Migration maintains/increases productivity in certain sectors in Thailand Poverty reduction in sending country: • Migration helps reduce poverty in household of origin through remittances (Lao, Cambodia, Vietnam)

  10. II. The World Bank Program:Costs of Migration • Risks faced by migrants in pre departure, during migration, at destination and upon return • Social impact on receiving communities • Effect on local wages in receiving communities

  11. II. The World Bank Program:Knowledge Gaps • Flows and impacts of remittances • Economic contribution of migrants • Impact on local wages and employment • Impact of migration on migrants’ earnings • Impact of migration on poverty and living standards of families back home

  12. II. The World Bank Program:Next steps • Fill the knowledge gaps highlighted – irregular migration in Thailand and impacts on local employment and wages • Improve data collection efforts to capture migrants in household surveys • Broaden analytical approach to more countries • Help integrate results in the development of policies