Download
raves club drugs and drugs of abuse n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse

Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse

259 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Raves, Club Drugs, and Drugs of Abuse Dr. Milton H. Cambridge Demand Reduction Outreach and Prevention Coordinator

  2. Raves • Early 80’s subculture in England • Clandestine or commercialized • Loud “techno” music/dancing • Lights and visual stimuli • Promoted as Alcohol Free • Club drugs bought, sold, consumed • Unique costumes or themes

  3. Environment • All night event • Clandestine – warehouses, deserts, woods, etc. • Commercialized – established clubs • Hot • Loud • Crowded • Dancing • Criminal element often present

  4. Promotions • 14-25 year olds targeted group • Alcohol-free events • Appearance of not promoting drug use • Websites, posters, word of mouth • Paraphernalia – available on internet • Spiritual or cultural stimulation/ enhancement • One website “rated” the social and sexual performance, hangover, and spiritual effects of drugs – no mention of dangers

  5. Rave Paraphernalia • Water bottles • Light sticks • Pacifers • Bags of small candy/breath mints • Eye-drop bottles • Dust & surgical masks/Vick’s Vapo-Rub • Caffeinated beverages • OTC stimulants

  6. Dangers • Dehydration • Hyperthermia (high body temperature) • Caused by drugs, heat, and dehydration • Drug use (intentional or unintentional) • Crime (sexual & physical assault, homicide, robbery, property damage, etc.) • Crowds • Hearing loss over long periods of exposure • Lack of compliance with safety regulations

  7. Club Drugs and Trend Drugs • Ecstasy • Ecstasy + Viagra • Ecstasy + Prozac • Ecstasy + Ketamine • Ecstasy + LSD • Methamphetamine • PMA • 4-MTA • GHB • LSD • Ketamine • Rohypnol • Viagra • Oxycodone • PCP • Heroin • Inhalants • Marijuana • Dextromethorphan

  8. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine • E, XTC, X, rolling, tachas, snackies, speedies • Stimulant and hallucinogenic properties • Effects: increased stimuli & sensations • Signs: euphoria, involuntary teeth grinding • Causes memory loss, brain damage, “Alzheimer’s” • OD: hyperthermia, teeth clenching, seizures, unconsciousness, heart failure, heat stroke • Route: ingested, snorted, injected • Onset/Duration: 30-60 minutes/4-6 hours

  9. Total Ecstasy ED Mentions Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network

  10. Ecstasy ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop.

  11. Methamphetamine • Speed, ice, crystal, crank, batu, christmas trees, pink, elbows, Ozs, cinnamon, blade • Schedule II, stimulant for ADD, narcolepsy • Signs: tachycardia, hypertension, hyperthermia, violent behavior • OD: agitation, hostility, hallucinations, seizures, hyperthermia, death • Chronic use causes paranoia, hallucinations, picking at the skin, violent & erratic behavior • Route: ingested, smoked, snorted, injected • Onset/Duration: depends on route/6-8 hours

  12. Yaba • Methamphetamine + caffeine • Crazy medicine, Hitler’s drug, Nazi speed • Red, orange, or green small pills, most commonly with “WY” stamped on them • Originated in Thailand • Signs: tachycardia, dehydration, paranoia, sweating, insomnia, irritability, hallucinations, depression • Route: Oral, inhalation, injection • Onset/Duration: depends on route/6-8 hours

  13. Paramethoxyamphetamine • PMA, 4-MA, death, Mitsubishi double stack • Synthetic hallucinogen • Signs: tachycardia, hypertension, dyspnea, hyperthermia, nystagmus, muscle spasms, visual hallucinations • OD: dysrhythmias, pulmonary edema, renal failure, vomiting, seizures, coma (60mg), extreme hyperthermia (>108 hours after death) • Onset/duration: depends on route • Route: ingested, inhaled, injected • Esp. hazardous with other amphetamines, alcohol, cocaine, prozac

  14. 4-Methylthioamphetamine • 4-MTA, MTA, flatliners, golden eagle • Resembles amphetamine, developed as an anti-depressant, releases serotonin • Effects: Stimulant/euphoric effects • Signs: restlessness, muscle twitches, involuntary muscle contractions, tremors, seizures, coma • Duration: up to 12 hours • Route: ingested • Unknown toxicity & side effects • Sold as ecstasy

  15. 4-Methylthioamphetamine

  16. Methamphetamine ED Mentions Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network

  17. Amphetamines ED Mentions Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network

  18. Amphetamines ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop. Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network

  19. GHB • Gamma Hydroxybutyrate, C4H8O3 • Georgia Home Boy, Grievous Bodily Harm, liquid X, goop • Made from sodium / potassium hydrochloride & gamma-butylrolactone (GBL) • Signs: drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, status seizures, respiratory depression/cheyne-stokes, coma • OD: unconsciousness, muscle stiffness, seizures, severe respiratory depression, coma • Route: ingested (liquid) • Onset/Duration: 10-20 minutes/2-4 hours • If made incorrectly, can burn mouth & esophagus

  20. GHB/GBL ED Mentions Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network

  21. LSD • D-lysergic acid diethylamide • Acid, cid, blotter acid, “candy flipping” • Most powerful hallucinogen known • Put in gel wraps, breath fresheners, “Smartie” candies, blotters, sugar cubes • Signs: hallucinations, tachycardia, hypertension, dilated pupils, hyperthermia, nausea, vomiting • OD: exaggerated signs as above, death is rare • Route: ingested, snorted, injected • Onset/duration: 20-90 minutes/6-12 hours

  22. LSD ED Mentions Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network

  23. LSD ED Mentionsper 100,000 pop. Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network

  24. Ketamine Hydrochloride • Special K, K, Ket Kat, Cat Valium • Dissociative anesthetic • Signs: hallucinations, vomiting, hypertension, bradycardia, irrational behavior, seizures, respiratory depression, unconsciousness, hypoxia. • Long-term side effects of regular use unknown • Onset/duration: 15 sec-5 mins/30-60 mins • Route: Oral, snorted, injected • 4/21/02 – DEA seized 3,998 vials (Missouri)

  25. Ketamine ED Mentions Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Drug Abuse Warning Network