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First Aid Fundamentals PowerPoint Presentation
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First Aid Fundamentals

First Aid Fundamentals

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First Aid Fundamentals

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  1. Carrier Air Wing ELEVEN EAWS Common Core TutorialCreated by:NCC(AW) M. J. WILSONCommand Career Counselor

  2. First Aid Fundamentals

  3. State the three objectives of first aid Save Life Prevent Further Injury Prevent Infection

  4. State the methods of controlling bleeding • Direct Pressure • Elevation • Pressure points • Tourniquet (last resort)

  5. State the location of principal pressure points on each side of the body (10) • Temple • Jaw • Neck • Collar Bone • Inner Upper Arm • Wrist • Upper Thigh • Groin • Knee • Ankle

  6. Describe the symptoms of shock • Vacant / Lackluster Eyes • Shallow or Irregular Breathing • Cold, Pale Skin • Nausea • Weak or Absent Pulse • Feeling Faint

  7. State the treatment for shock • Lay victim down with feet elevated 6” - 12” • Cover victim to maintain body heat

  8. Describe the three classifications of burns • First Degree- mildest, producing redness, increased warmth, tenderness and mild pain • Second Degree- red and blistered skin; severe pain • Third Degree- destroyed tissue, skin and bone in severe cases. Pain maybe absent due to nerve endings being destroyed

  9. Describe the symptoms for heat exhaustion • Skin is cool, moist, and clammy • Pupils are dilated • Normal or Subnormal body temperature • Sweating profusely

  10. Discuss treatment for heat exhaustion • Move the victim to cool or air conditioned area • Loosen clothing • Apply cool wet cloths to head, groin and ankles • Fan victim; do not allow victim to become chilled • If conscious, give a solution of one teaspoon salt dissolved in a liter of cool water • Transport to Medical Facility

  11. Discuss the symptoms for heat stroke • Hot and/or dry skin • Uneven pupil dilation • Weak, rapid pulse

  12. Discuss treatment for heat stroke • Reduce heat immediately by dousing the body in cold water • Apply wet, cold towels to the body around the shoulders and neck. Additional packs can be placed on ankles and groin area • Move victim to coolest possible place • Maintain an open airway

  13. State the difference between and “open” and “closed” fracture • Closed (Simple) fractures are internal and do not break the skin • Open (Compound) fractures cause an open wound in the tissue or skin

  14. State the steps in rescuing a person from electrical shock • Turn off the current immediately • If unable to secure power, remove victim using a non-conductive object (dry broom handle, oar, board, etc) • Administer artificial ventilation • Check for pulse and start CPR if necessary

  15. Describe the method for clearing an obstructed airway • Stand behind victim and wrap your arms around the victim’s waist. • Grasp your wrist and place thumb side of your fist against the victim’s abdomen above the navel and just below the rib cage. • Give 4 quick upward thrusts to the victim

  16. Define hypothermia • General cooling of the whole body caused by exposure to low or rapidly falling temperature, cold moisture, snow or ice

  17. Give symptoms of hypothermia • Slow and shallow breathing • Faint or undetectable pulse • Body tissues feel semi-rigid, and the arms and legs may feel stiff

  18. Discuss treatment for hypothermia • Wrap patient in warm blankets and place in a warm room • Do not give hot drinks or other stimulants until he/she regains consciousness • Get medical attention immediately

  19. Discuss the two types of frostbite and treatment • Superficial- Ice crystals form in the upper skin layers after exposure to temperatures of 32 degrees or lower • Deep Frostbite- Ice crystals form in the deeper tissues after exposure to a temperature of 32 degrees or lower. • Treatment- Get victims indoor, re-warm the area by placing them in warm water or with hot water bottles. Never rub frostbite areas and seek medical attention immediately

  20. General Safety Fundamentals

  21. Define the purpose of the Naval Aviation Safety Program • Preserve human and material resources • Material resources include naval aircraft, ships, facilities and weapons

  22. Who is the principal advisor to the CO on all aviation safety matters • Aviation Safety Officer

  23. Who is the principal advisor to the CO on all ground safety matters? • Ground Safety Officer

  24. Who must comply with established safety standards? • All Hands

  25. List factors that can contribute to aviation mishaps • Human Error • Maintenance & Support Factors • Administrative & Supervisory Factors • Material failures or malfunctions • Environmental factors

  26. Define a Class A mishap • Resulting in property damage of $ 1,000,000,000 or more • Or an injury or occupational illness resulting in a fatality or permanent total disability

  27. Define a Class B mishap • Resulting in property damage is $200,000 or more, but less than $1,000,000,000 • Or an injury or occupational illness resulting in permanent partial disability; or three or more personnel are inpatient hospitalized

  28. Define a Class C mishap • Property damage is $10,000 or more, but less than $200,000 • Or a non-fatal injury that causes any loss of time beyond the day or shift on which it occurred; or a non-fatal illness or disease that causes loss of time from work or disability at any time

  29. Define a Class D mishap • Property damage is less than $10,000 • Or a non-fatal injury (no lost time or first aid case) that does not meet the criteria of a Class C mishap

  30. State the objective of the Aviation Gas-Free Engineering Program (AVGFE) • To ensure a safe environment is maintained when working on aeronautical equipment fuel systems

  31. AVGFE technician shall have what qualifications and training • Must be a Quality Assurance Representative (QAR) or Collateral Duty Quality Assurance Representative (CDQAR) • Must be a graduate of the AVGFE course

  32. Explain the hazards of Radio Frequency energy • Can cause life-threatening electric shock, burns, biological changes, and cataracts. • Can cause premature or unwanted activation of electro-explosive devices in ordnance

  33. Discuss the concept of Operational Risk Management (ORM) • Systematic, decision-making process used to identity and manage hazards that endanger naval resources.

  34. State the 5 steps or ORM • Identify hazards • Assess hazards • Make risk decisions • Implement controls • Supervise

  35. Chain of Command Fundamentals

  36. What are the two chain of commands for operating forces • Operation- From the President, through the Secretary of the Navy to a commander of a unified or specified command • Administrative- through the Secretary of the Navy and the Chief of Naval Operations to the operating forces

  37. What is a unified command • Composed of elements of two or more services. It has a broad continuing mission, and has a single commander. Examples: • Atlantic Command • Pacific Command • European Command • Southern Command • Central Command • Readiness Command

  38. Name the three Fleet Commanders • Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet • Commander, U.S. Atlantic Fleet • Commander, U.S. Naval Forces Europe

  39. Which fleets fall under each commander • Atlantic Fleet = 2nd Fleet • Pacific Fleet = 3rd & 7th Fleets • Europe = 6th Fleet

  40. Who is the Secretary of the Navy? • Honorable Gordon R. Englund

  41. Who is the Chief of Naval Operations? • Admiral Vern Clark

  42. Who is the MCPON • MCPON Terry Scott

  43. Who is the PACFLT Master Chief? • Fleet Master Chief Rodriguez

  44. Who is our Force Master Chief? • Force Master Chief Keith Goosby

  45. How many personnel must be assigned to rate a Command Master Chief? • 250

  46. State the 6 areas of Naval doctrine • Naval Warfare • Naval Intelligence • Naval Operations • Naval Logistics • Naval Planning • Naval Command and Control

  47. On what day was the U.S. Navy born? • October 13th, 1775

  48. State the 3 levels of war • Tactical- involves individual engagements • Operational- concerns forces collectively in a theater • Strategic- focuses on supporting national goals

  49. Discuss the importance of the battle of Coral Sea as it relates to naval aviation • The first carrier vs. carrier battle. • The USS Lexington was sunk and the USS Yorktown was damaged.

  50. Discuss the importance of the battle of Midway as it relates to naval aviation • Turning point in the Pacific War • Admiral Nimitz positioned 3 carriers out of reconnaissance range and after Japanese fighters left for Midway, US forces attacked sinking 3 Japanese carriers the first day and 1 on the second day.