Unit 15 For or Against Smoking in Public Places
Teaching Objectives • 1. Function: complaining & apologizing • 2. Grammatical points: repeat pattern, “so” “such” for emphasis • 3. Vocabulary: as for, ban, linger, why not, by contrast, challenge, maintain, define, evaluate, call for, hazard, adverbs of degrees • 4. Learn to understand and discuss the harmful effects of smoking through reading, discussion and task-based activities.
Content Part 1 Listening and Speaking Part 2 Reading Comprehension and Language Part 3 Extended Activities
Part 1 Conversation one:Listen to the conversation, and complete the tasks. • 1. What are the guys upstairs doing? • A. They are fighting. • B. They are sing and dancing. • C. They are watching video. • 2. Why do the couple have to complain to their neihbours? • A. The neighbours have invited them to the party. • B. They can’t concentrate on their work. • C. They can’t fall asleep.
Part 1 Try to speak more:Make a similar conversation with the words in the substitute boxes. The pictures are given for reference.
Part 1 Summary Useful structures and expressions: -- I hate to say this, but would you mind not…? -- I am sorry. I don’t like to say this. But could you …? -- I’ve had enough of the … -- I’m fed up with … -- Please forgive me. -- I’m sorry. I promise it won’t happen again. -- Please accept my apology… -- Sorry. It was wrong of …
Part 2 Text • Ask the students if they are for or against smoking in the public places? Then tell the reasons. 2. Ask the students to look at the following pictures and discuss the effects of smoking. Step 1 Pre-reading tasks
Step 2 While-reading 1. first reading Listen to the text once and read it quickly and try to finish the comprehension questions on pages 234-235 2.second reading Read the text carefully and finish the following table to summarize two different opinions on smoking in public places.
For • 1. Public places belong to every one. • 2 .If smoking is banned because of its impact on non-smokers, why not ban perfume and cars? • 3. Owners of the closed spaces should have the right to choose their • own smoking or non-smoking policies. • 4. Whether smoking is a right to public health is still a question. • 5. Second-hand smoke is not as harmful to our health as bad diet, • industrial pollution or stress.
against • 1. Smoking is harmful to your health. • 2. Overwhelming evidence shows that tobacco use is the single largest cause of premature death. • 3. Cigarette smoke contains a lot of toxins. • 4. Smoke does harm to others because it spread s and fills all available space. • 5. Smoking in public places is a real hazard to other people’ s health while not smoking is only an inconvenience to the smoker. So why not ban smoking in public places?
Step 3 Post-reading Language points: • 1.define: describe/ state something e.g. The chairman said: “I will try to define the current polices of the government.” • 2.evaluate: assess in order to make a judgement. e.g. The market situation is difficult to evaluate. • 3. by contrast: in an opposite way to what is expected e.g. She had almost failed the exam, but her sister, by contrast, had done very well.
4. linger: lasting, staying longer than expected e.g. An excellent dish can have a lingering flavor for several days. Customers are welcome to linger over coffee until midnight. • 5. hazard: danger e.g. A new report points out that chewing gum can be a hazard to health. 6. belong to: to be the property of e.g. That dictionary belongs to me.
7. in general通常,大体上, 一般而言 e.g. In general her work has been good, but this essay is dreadful. in • 8. in particular特别,尤其 e.g.--- Is there anything in particular you’d like for dinner? --- No, nothing in particular. • 9. calls for: require, demand or need sth 需要，需求 e.g. the situation calls for prompt actions.
Discussion • Suppose you are a heavy smoker and cannot help smoking a cigarette every hour wherever you are, and your partner is a non-smoker and is sick of smoke. Argue with him or her about: (1) Who has the right to impose regulations on smoking? (2) Is smoking really harmful?
More views about smoking can be available from the following websites • www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish • news.xinhuanet.com/english • english.cntv.cn/program/newsupdate • bbclearningenglish.com • www.veryabc.cn/movie/new/article
Part 3 Extended Activities • 1. Dictation • 2. Have the students finish the exercises from P246 to P253. • 3. oral practice: prepare the retelling of the text. • 4.writing: write an article with the title of “My views on public smoking”
Extended Pronunciation exercises Right--light, wrong--long, pray—play, read—lead, arrange, sorry, river, red, three