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Earth Observation in Brasil: Data and Applications

Earth Observation in Brasil: Data and Applications

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Earth Observation in Brasil: Data and Applications

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  1. Earth Observation in Brasil: Data and Applications

  2. INPE - brief description • National Institute for Space Research • main civilian organization for space activities in Brazil • staff of 1,800 ( 800 Ms.C. and Ph.D.) • Areas: • Space Science, Earth Observation, Meteorology and Space Engineering

  3. Earth Observation at INPE • Remote Sensing Ground Station • CBERS Chinese Brazilian Satellite • Remote Sensing Data Centre • Remote Sensing Research and Applications • GIS Technology Research and Applications • Environmental Modelling

  4. Remote Sensing Ground Station

  5. Remote Sensing Ground Station: 1973-2005 1973 1978 Cuiabá Ground Station: CBERS, LANDSAT, SPOT, MODIS, RADARSAT

  6. Remote Sensing Ground Station: LANDSAT Complete Availability: All data is stored

  7. Remote Sensing Ground Station: SPOT, ERS, RADARSAT and MODIS SPOT, ERS, RADARSAT: selective availability TERRA, AQUA: complete availability

  8. Remote Sensing Ground Station: CBERS CBERS Program has guaranteed data until 2015

  9. Remote Sensing Ground Station: Current Situation • In Operation • CBERS-2 • LANDSAT-5 • AQUA, TERRA (MODIS) • Additional Capability • RADARSAT-1 • SPOT-2, SPOT-4

  10. INPE’s Remote Sensing Data Base MSS 10 TB CBERS 38 TB TM and ETM+ 84 TB ERS-1/2 6 TB SPOT 2 TB RADARSAT 2 TB Total 142 TB

  11. MSS - Landsat 1 WRS1 248/62 07/07/1973

  12. Sobradinho (BA) – LANDSAT-1 - 14/11/1973

  13. MSS – Landsat 3 – São Paulo (1977)

  14. May/2003 LANDSAT-5

  15. MODIS R (MIR) G (NIR) B (RED) - Mosaico/AGOSTO/2003

  16. WFI/CBERS - 25/03/2000 – Mato Grosso

  17. CBERS Program: An Overview

  18. CBERS: China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite • Brief History • Initial agreement signed in July 6th, 1988, covering CBERS-1 and 2. • In 2002, both governments decided to expand the initial agreement by including CBERS-3 and 4. • Program objectives • Build a family of remote sensing satellites to support the needs of users in earth resources applications • Improve the industrial capabilities of space technology in Brazil and China

  19. CBERS Orbit • Sun synchronous • Height: 778 km • Inclination: 98,48 degrees • Period: 100,26 min • Equator crossing time: 10:30 AM • Revisit: 26 days • Distance between adjacent tracks: 107 km

  20. CBERS-2 CBERS-2 Launch (21 October 2003)

  21. CBERS 1,2, 2B Sensor Configuration WFI 260 m (890 km) MSS 80 m (120 km) CCD 20 m (120 km) 2.3 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.7 2.5 mm Built by China Built by Brazil

  22. CBERS-2 CCD, Minas Gerais, Brazil

  23. CBERS-2 Delta do Parnaíba Nov-2003

  24. CBERS-2 CCD Manaus, Brazil, Dec 2003

  25. CBERS-2 Represa de Sobradinho Dez 2003

  26. Imagem CBERS-2 in Louisiana, EUA • On-board data recorder

  27. CBERS 3 – 4 Sensor Configuration WFI 73 m (860 km) MSS 40 m (120 km) CCD 20 m (120 km) MUX 10 m (60 km) PAN 5 m (60 km) 2.1 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.5 1.7 2.3 Built by China Built by Brazil mm

  28. Order Management System Acquisition Planning System Reception & Recording System Catalogue Browse System Quality Control System Product Generation System CBERS Ground Station

  29. CBERS Ground Station in Brazil • Developed by Brazilian company and INPE • Major cost saving • User-centered design • User requests products in a web interface • Products are generated automatically • User can download products via FTP • Efficiency and scalability • Based on low-cost Linux PCs • Totally automated, no operator intervention

  30. Data Policy for CBERS • The downlink data is open to any country or organization. • The data downlink for CBERS will be carried out through a ground station. • China and Brazil may, in a few special cases, upon mutual consultation, decide on the transfer of data free of charge. • The revenues resulting from the distribution of CBERS data will be equally shared between China and Brazil.

  31. Policy for CBERS International Data Downlink • Access fee is charged on a LANDSAT-like basis • One flat annual fee for complete access to all data in the antenna’s footprint • Distribution in areas within the antenna’s footprint is the responsibility of the ground station operator • There is no additional charge for image distribution • Ground station operators are encouraged to distribute CBERS data free of charge on the Web

  32. Remote Sensing Data Centre

  33. Remote Sensing Data Centre • MSS-LANDSAT: 1973 - 1983 • Available for free on the web • http://www.dgi.inpe.br/CatalogoMSS/ • TM/ETM-LANDSAT: 1984 - 2000 • Being placed on-line (free access) until the end of 2005 • CBERS-2 • Available for free on the web (http://www.obt.inpe.br/CBERS) • MODIS • Being placed on-line (free access) until the end of 2005

  34. CBERS Image Distribution in Brazil (1st May to 30st December 2004)

  35. FTP area for User

  36. Remote Sensing Research and Applications

  37. Remote Sensing Teaching at INPE • Graduate Program in Remote Sensing (MsC and PhD) • 300+ graduate students • Short Courses in GIS and Remote Sensing (40 h) • www.dpi.inpe.br/cursos • Establishment of a distance learning program in GIS and Remote Sensing • ALFA project (EU-funded) • On-line material (books, overheads)

  38. R&D in Agriculture • Perennial crops monitoring (sugarcane, citrus) • Small grains crop area, yield and monitoring • Rural insurance issues AVIRIS Image Apple monitoring source: José Epiphanio (INPE)

  39. Crop Forecasting Using Remote Sensing soja café milho cana-de-açúcar

  40. Crop Forecasting Sistema de informação geográfica Imagens de satélite Banco de dados

  41. PRODUTO SPC-SAR (IHS) PRODUTO S5/TM 4R5G3B R&D in Geology • Oil and gas exploration – Petrobras/ERSDAC (Japan) • RS and Geophysical data integration for mineral exploration and mapping • Evaluation of new sensors (e.g ASTER, Palsar-1) source: Waldir Paradella(INPE)

  42. Grupo Salobo AP1 Grupo Pojuca AP9 AP3 AP2 Grupo Grão Pará AP7 AP8 AP6 AP5 AP4 Mineral Exploration with Integrated ProductScanSAR-TM/Amplitude Mag (PGBC) source: Waldir Paradella (INPE)

  43. CHLOROPHYLL- 22/01/00 R&D in Oceanography and Inner Water • Oceanic processess: • Coastal zone monitoring • Winds by scatterometry • Waves by altimetric radar • Environmetal modeling in coastal zones Radar and Oil Temperature AVHRR source: João Lorenzetti e José Luiz Stech(INPE)

  44. Manaus Santarem Ica Purus Jurua Tapajós Wetland Extraction from L-Band Data Barbosa et al. INPE/UCSB source: Evlyn Novo e Cláudio Barbosa (INPE)

  45. SAR and Wetlands in Amazônia Mosaico JERS-1 (banda L-HH) source: Evlyn Novo e Cláudio Barbosa (INPE)

  46. R&D in Forestry/Ecology • Evaluation of deforestation in Amazonia • Monitoring of fires in savannas and tropical forests • Atlantic tropical forest mapping and monitoring