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Freshmen Midterm Exam Review Spring Semester

Freshmen Midterm Exam Review Spring Semester

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Freshmen Midterm Exam Review Spring Semester

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  1. HUNTERDON CENTRAL REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL Health & Physical Education Freshmen Midterm Exam ReviewSpring Semester

  2. As you are going through the review, have your notebook accessible.I would suggest highlighting the information that you are unfamiliar with, or jotting down notes on topics that you don’t remember.If you ace this review, you should have no problem with the exam!

  3. BASKETBALL What do you remember?

  4. How many points is a basket worth? 1 - One point, when it is a foul shot. 2 - Two points, when it is a regular shot (lay-up or jump-shot). 3 - Three points, when it is a shot made from behind the 3-pt line.

  5. What is the key? What are the rules relating to it? The key is the large rectangle under the basket. You, as an offensive player, can not stand there for more than 3 seconds.

  6. What is it called when you get into good rebounding position? You seal the shooter behind you by putting your “butt” to their “gut.” Boxing - out

  7. How do you play knock-out? What skills does it focus on? Ask your friend how to play! It is a great way to work on your lay-up and foul-shots (free throws).

  8. What are good dribbling concepts? Have good control of the ball, look up, see the court, pass the ball to the open space. You use the dribble to get the ball upcourt (even though passing is quicker), drive to the basket, penetrate the defense, or get away from a pesty defender!

  9. What is a give and go? It is an offensive strategy. One player will pass to another, then cut (or go) towards the basket. S/he will receive the ball back, shoot, and (hopefully) score!

  10. VOLLEYBALL Let me set you up for a good grade on the exam.

  11. In volleyball, lines are... IN.

  12. Can you explain how to set a volleyball?Can you explain how to BUMP a volleyball? If not, figure it out before next week!

  13. How many times can you serve the ball in a game? It depends. If you are serving, you will continue to serve until your team loses possession. You won’t serve again until everyone else on your team has served.

  14. How many opportunities do you get to make a legal serve in a rotation? Only one. If the ball hits the net on a serve and goes over, it is good. You can continue serving until loss of possession. If it hits the net and doesn’t go over, it is a loss of possession.

  15. What are net rules? The ball can hit the net on a volley. The ball can hit the net on a serve, but has to go over to be good. The ball can be played OUT OF the net on a volley, assuming that team has not exceeded 3 hits per side. A person cannot physically hit the net at all.

  16. Do you know how to keep score? Rally scoring is used. This means a team will score on every serve, regardless of who serves. Games are played to 25 pts.

  17. WELLNESS No more “weighting,” let’s have the right answers!

  18. What is the F.I.T. Principle? In order to improve your fitness, you need to improved either the FREQUENCY of your workouts, the INTENSITY of your workouts, or the length of TIME you workout.

  19. What are Components of Fitness? Health-related or Skill-related factors that determine your fitness level. HEALTH = Factors which are important to overall healthy function of the body systems. SKILL = Factors that make you a better athlete.

  20. What is body composition? The ratio of lean body mass (bones, connective tissues, muscle) to fat.

  21. What is reaction time? The amount of time it takes to get moving once the senses recognize the need to move.

  22. What is coordination? Integration of eye, hand, and foot movements.

  23. What is power? Ability to do strength performances at a rapid pace.

  24. What is balance? The ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving.

  25. What is speed? Ability to cover a distance in a short time.

  26. What is agility? Ability to change the position of your body and control the movement of your body.

  27. What is cardiovascular endurance? Ability of the circulatory & respiratory systems to circulate oxygen to the muscles during exercise.

  28. What is muscular strength? The ability of muscles to exert a force one time.

  29. What is flexibility? The range of movement possible at various joints.

  30. How do you test the components of fitness? By doing President’s Physical Fitness Testing: 1) Agility - What is your shuttle run score? 2) Flexibility - How far can you reach on the flexibility box? 3) Cardiovascular Fitness - What is your mile time? 4) Muscular Strength - Are you able to do pull-ups? Flexed arm hang? 5) Body Composition - What was your body fat percentage? 6) Muscular Endurance - How many curl-ups can you do in one minute?

  31. What are examples of controllable & uncontrollable risk factors, in terms of personal fitness? Controllable: Activity Level, Obesity, Stress, Smoking, High Blood Pressure,High Levels of Cholesterol Uncontrollable: Age, Gender, Heredity

  32. Can you identify where the following muscles are located? Gastrocnemius, Quadriceps, Hamstrings, Gluteus Maximus, Latissimus Dorsi, Deltoids, Pectorals, Biceps, Triceps, Adductors, Abductors, Abdominals, Obliques,Trapezius

  33. TEST YOUR “MUSCLE” KNOWLEDGE… • Gastrocnemius - • Quadriceps - • Hamstrings - • Gluteus Maximus - • Latissimus Dorsi - • Deltoids - • Pectorals - Calf Muscles Thigh muscles Back of thigh Buttocks Back muscles Shoulders Chest Muscles

  34. TEST YOUR “MUSCLE” KNOWLEDGE… • Biceps - • Triceps - • Adductors - • Abductors - • Abdominals - • Obliques - • Trapezius - Front of Upper Arm (palms up) Back of Upper Arm (palms up) Inner thigh muscles Outer thigh muscles “Stomach” muscles Sides of trunk Upper back

  35. What is the primary muscle worked when you perform…. A push-up? Lat pull-downs? Latissimus Dorsi! Pectorals! Sit-ups or Crunches? Abdominals! Leg Extensions? The Flamingo Stretch? Quadriceps! Quadriceps! Dips? The Butterfly Stretch? Triceps! Groin!

  36. Where do you take your pulse? The carotid artery….which is the large artery in the neck OR The radial artery, which is the large artery in the wrist

  37. What are average heart rates? Resting? Somewhere between 50 and 90 bpm. The best time to do this is when you wake up in the morning … naturally w/o and alarm clock! Activity? Somewhere between 120-160 bpm.

  38. Who is responsible for your fitness? YOU! Take responsibility! You are accountable for your own health! Take charge of your own fitness level!

  39. DRUGS & ALCOHOL Just Say No...

  40. What does it mean when a person is physically dependenton a drug? A user’s body “needs” the drugs, or other withdrawal symptoms will occur.

  41. What are steroids? Drugs that are used to enhance athletic performance or appearance. Steroids are big in the news these days due to the controversy in Major League Baseball.

  42. What are some examples of long-term effects of smoking cigarettes? asthma, emphysema, heart disease

  43. Which drugs are considered Gateway drugs? Tobacco, Alcohol, Marijuana

  44. What are inhalants? Drugs or chemicals which are breathed in through the nose or mouth in order to attain a high. They are frequently household items, such as lighter fluid.

  45. This type of smoker is not dependent on nicotine but is accustomed to the unpleasant effects. This person might smoke socially at parties; he/she knows HOW to smoke, but is not addicted. Pleasure smoker

  46. What is chewing tobacco? Poor quality leaf mixed with honey and molasses. It is chewed or held in the side of the gums; the juices are spit out.

  47. What is finely ground tobacco that is inhaled through the nose or held against the gums? Snuff

  48. Why do people use Gateways? They are insecure, unsure of themselves. They are young. They are under stress and don’t know how to deal. They are exposed to it b/c they see it used/abused regularly.

  49. Some people suffer from the effects of smoking b/c they are surrounded by smokers. What are these people called? Passive smokers

  50. Another word for compulsion is… Addiction. An addict feels the powerful physical and psychological dependence to drugs.