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Print. Printing has been around for 3000 years. During this time it has refined to have many different ways to do the technique. Woodblock printing (200) Movable type (1040) Printing press (1454) Etching ( ca. 1500) Mezzotint (1642) Aquatint (1768) Lithography (1796)
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Printing has been around for 3000 years. During this time it has refined to have many different ways to do the technique.
Woodblock printing (200) Movable type (1040) Printing press (1454) Etching (ca. 1500) Mezzotint (1642) Aquatint (1768) Lithography (1796) Chromolithography (1837) Rotary press (1843) Offset printing (1875) Hectograph (19th century) Hot metal typesetting (1886) Mimeograph (1890) Screen printing (1907) Spirit duplicator (1923) Dye-sublimation (1957) Phototypesetting (1960s) Dot matrix printer (1964) Laser printing (1969) Thermal printing (ca. 1972) Inkjet printing (1976) Stereolithography (1986) Digital press (1993) 3D printing (ca. 2003)
Those most common for artists are.. • Wood Block The Great Wave off Kanagawa by Hokusai, a ukiyo-e artist
Etching Landscape under Trees, etching by Paula Modersohn-Becker 1876–1907
Aquatint The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters, Francisco Goya (1799)
Lithography City of Words, lithograph by Vito Acconci, 1999
Where it began.. Character-carving Skills • The skill of carving characters emerged very early. The oldest inscriptions were made on oracle bones such as animal bones and shells. Inscriptions on bronze ware flourished from the Shang Dynasty to the Western Zhou Dynasty (16th century-771BC). Chinese characters were inscribed in clay molds before casting. Carving characters on stones came even earlier. Symbol carvings on surfaces of cliffs have been traced back to extremely ancient times. The classics in great-seal script and small-seal script were all carved on stones. The Xipi ng Stone Inscriptions of the Eastern Han (25-220) involved carving the Confucian classics in the clerical script onto 46 stone tables, totaling around 200,000 characters.
Engraved Block Printing Block printing first appeared in the Tang Dynasty (618-907). The text was first written on a piece of thin paper, and then glued face down onto a wooden plate. The characters were carved out to make a wood-block printing plate, which was used to print the text. Wood-block printing took a long time as a new block had to be carved for every page in a book. Block Printing was a costly and time-consuming process, for each carved block could only be used for a specific page of a particular book, besides, a single mistake in carving could ruin the whole block. However movable type changed all of that
Goya • Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes • 1746-1828) • Spanish romantic painter and printmaker • regarded both as the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns. • Both a commentator on and chronicler of his era. • Subversive imaginative art • Bold handling of paint • Inspired Manet, Picasso and Francis Bacon • Spain's main national film awards are called the Goya Awards.
Los Caprichos In 1799 Goya released a set of 80 prints for sale to the public that would become know as "Los Caprichos". The prints cast a critical and satirical eye on many aspects of Spanish life including the clergy, the crown, and the vices of society .
In the 1810s, Goya created a set of aquatint prints titled The Disasters of War. In 1810 Goya started working on a number of prints depicting events and cruelties of the conflict. These prints would eventually come together over the next 10 years to form a series of 82 plates called "The Disasters of War".
Emil Nolde Emil Nolde The Prophet, woodcut, 1912
Andy Warhol Andy Warhol (1928-1987) was a key figure in Pop Art, an art movement that emerged in America and elsewhere in the 1950s to become prominent over the next two decades. In the 1960s, Andy Warhol created several “mass-produced” images from photographs of celebrities such as Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley and Jackie Onassis.
Andy Warhol’s Marilyn Prints The Fauves used non-representational color and representational form to convey different sensations. Apply the same idea to the portrait of Marilyn Monroe below, using the controls to adjust the colors. How does the color affect the mood?