New Two-Party System • Democrats: Andrew Jackson’s Party 1. Steady expansion of economic opportunity for white male. 2. Role of federal government limited 3. Support for the Union 4. Anti-Economic privileges based on birth
Democrat Supporters • 1. Smaller merchants • 2. Southern Planters opposed to industrial growth • 3. Western farmers and planters • 4. Irish & German Catholics (opportunity for immigrants & values) • 5. Locofocos - radical wing - NE anti-monopoly
Whig Ideology: Whiggery 1. Expand power of federal government 2. Encourage industrial and commercial development 3. Form a unified economic system 4. Cautious about westward expansion - could produce instability 5. Favored BUS, corporations and modernization
Whig Supporters • Great Triumvirate: Clay, Webster & Calhoun • Wealthy, more aristocratic Americans • Merchants and manufacturers • Wealthy planters in the South • Rising commercial class of the West (migrants from the NE) • Evangelical Protestants (for development and improvement of society) • Anyone who hated Andrew Jackson
The Election of 1840
Van Buren Taking the Blame for His Own and Jackson's Monetary Policies
DEMS Richard Mentor Johnson, VP Sometimes no one is better than a fool.
WHIGS William Henry Harrison What was his appeal?
William Henry Harrison Campaign Song • “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too”(Words and Music by "A member of the Fifth Ward Club“, published 1840 • Performed by They Might Be Giants) • What has caus'd this great com-mo-tion, mo-tion, mot-ion our coun-try through, It is the ball that's rol-ling on, For Tip-pi-ca-noe, and Ty-ler too, And with them we'll beat lit-tle Van, Van, Van is a used up man, And with them we'll beat lit-tle Van.
“Tippecanoe and Tyler Too” Sure, let 'em talk about hard cider (cider cider) and log cabins too ’T'will only help to speed the ball for Tippecanoe and Tyler too and with him we'll beat Little Van, Van,Van is a used up man and with him we'll beat Little Van.