CitationsHarvard Style Why & How
Citation Styles • Harvard Style – Name date, Page • Some other styles are – MLA – Modern Language Assoc APA – American Psychological Association • Check with lecturer to see which style they prefer
Why do you cite references • Acknowledge someone else’s work • Protect yourself from plagiarism • Supports your ideas and arguments • Enables reader to find further information • Shows you have done the necessary research
When do you cite (Cardiff University, 2006)
Cite when • Use a direct quote • Use an indirect quote – refer to someone else’s ideas – paraphrase • When you use a lot of information from one source even if the information is common knowledge. Summarise. (Harvard Business School, 2009)
Direct Quotes Use direct quotes only when • The phrase is unique and will loose impact being paraphrased • It will emphasise or support your ideas • Paraphrasing and summarising information shows you have an understanding of the content
How Name Date, Page • Direct a worker might get “2 shillings and 6 pence” a week” ( French 2007, p.178). Or (Jones, 2003). • Indirect French claims that dingoes never made it to Tasmania (2007, p.46). • Long direct quotes – more than 30 words the text should be indented and smaller font than rest of writing (Canberra Institute of Technology 2005, p14 – 15)
Tricky citations – 2 sources • Reactive arthritis is uncommon, 30 to 40 people per 100,000 and the symptoms wide-ranging, diagnosis can be difficult and you may need to push for a referral to a doctor specialising in arthritis, a rheumatologist (Arthritis Care 2009, p. 4; Imboden 2007, p. 183).
Quoting a quote from another source • Musō Soseki, a thirteenth century Zen monk and gardener wrote: ‘He who distinguishes between the garden and practice cannot be said to have found the true Way’ (in, Berthier 2000, p. 3).
Lengthy sources in citations • (National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases 2002, p. 657). • Second and subsequent times cite abbreviation. • Show abbreviation in referencing. • (NIAMS 2002, p. 657).
References • Canberra Institute of Technology 2005, Acknowledging the Source, External Relations and Marketing, Canberra. • Cardiff University 2007, Harvard Referencing Tutorial, England, viewed 1 November 2009, <https://ilrb.cf.ac.uk/citingreferences/tutorial/index.html>. • Harvard Business School 2009, Citation Guide, Baker Library Boston, viewed 1 November 2009,< http://www.library.hbs.edu/cgi-bin/faq/recordDetail?id=30053&action=&library=harvard_business&institution=harvardss School > . • Warlick, D 2009, Son of Citation Machine, viewed 10th November 2009,< http://www.citationmachine.net > .
Revision – please fix! Reference French, J 2007, Fair Dinkum Histories: Rotters and Squatters, Scholastic Press, Lindfield, NSW.
“Someday the information that someone else wants to use – will be yours!” (Warlick 2009)