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Bucket Review

Bucket Review

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Bucket Review

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  1. Bucket Review Which of the following was not a result of the creation of an international economy following the European imperial race? Foreign trade increased from 3% of world output in 1800 to 33% in1913 Foreign investments, even those by private capitalists, were guaranteed by state governments and military might Capital flowed out of western Europe into non-industrialized areas in eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa Britain remained the world’s largest trading nation Most trade was centered in Asia and Africa instead of Europe and North America.

  2. The Scramble for Africa Ch. 27 (pp. 771 – 794)

  3. Reasons for Imperialism • National prestige • Spread of religion • Social Darwinism • “The White Man’s Burden” • Adventure & Glory • Raw materials

  4. African Nations Between 1750 & 1870, new states developed in parts of sub-Saharan Africa • Zulu • Southern Africa • Sokoto Caliphate • West Africa

  5. African Nations Some African nations took steps towards modernization • Egypt • Muhammad Ali • State-sponsored industrialization • Ethiopia • Actually prevented European invasion thanks to their adoption of guns

  6. Europeans Explore Africa • Dr. David Livingstone • Scottish missionary and explorer • Peacefully explored interior continent of Africa

  7. Tools of Exploration • Industrial Revolution provided technologies that made New Imperialism possible • Steamships • Suez Canal • Quinine • Breechloader rifles • Machine guns

  8. Rudyard Kipling’s The White Man’s Burden Take up the White Man's burden--Send forth the best ye breed--Go bind your sons to exileTo serve your captives' need;To wait in heavy harness,On fluttered folk and wild--Your new-caught, sullen peoples,Half-devil and half-child.Take up the White Man's burden--In patience to abide,To veil the threat of terrorAnd check the show of pride;By open speech and simple,An hundred times made plainTo seek another's profit,And work another's gain.

  9. The Scramble for Africa • 1830, The French initiated the “Scramble for Africa” when it invaded Algeria • Rapid European colonization of continent

  10. The Scramble for Africa • British acquired Egypt after Muhammad Ali’s state-sponsored industrialization put the country in debt • Ruled indirectly • Promoted the export of raw cotton

  11. The Scramble for Africa • 1879, Conflict between Europeans arose over Central Africa • 1884-1885, Bismarck called the Berlin Conference • Set rules for the partition of Africa • Ignored African claims • Awarded the Congo Free State to King Leopold II of Belgium

  12. The Scramble for Africa • Central Africa • Congo Free State, Angola, Mozambique, etc. • Government sold land to private monopolies • Allowed to tax population • Forced African labor

  13. The Scramble for Africa • West Africa • Taken over by the French and British • Took advantage of existing trade networks • Developed infrastructure

  14. The Scramble for Africa • Southern Africa • 1652, Dutch established Cape Colony • Settled & became known as Boers (or Afrikaners) • Enslaved natives • 1815, British captured Cape Town • Ended slavery • Boers retreated north (Great Trek)

  15. The Scramble for Africa • Boers established republics of Transvaal & the Orange Free State • Area attracted Imperialist businessmen after diamonds & gold were discovered • Ex. Cecil Rhodes

  16. COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION • Colonial administration varied • Militarily occupied • Self-governed • Taxed • Effective colonialism required some form of cooperation from indigenous population

  17. CONSEQUENCES OF IMPERIALISIM • European imperialism: • Promoted rebellion • Installed a new system of forced labor • Resulted in famines • Fragmented African families • Further spread Christianity

  18. 1898, Sudanese forces vs. European troops.Within a few hours of the first shot, 11,000 Sudanese and 48 British troops lay dead. The Battle of Omdurman