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Development of Firefighter Uniform Prototypes Using Innovative Nonwovens

Development of Firefighter Uniform Prototypes Using Innovative Nonwovens

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Development of Firefighter Uniform Prototypes Using Innovative Nonwovens

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  1. Development of Firefighter Uniform Prototypes Using Innovative Nonwovens Mary M. Warnock and Laurie M. Apple

  2. Firefighter Uniforms Must: • Be functional • Allow tasks to be performed • Fire • Chemical/biological agents • Protect against toxic substance exposure • Allow quick and efficient movements

  3. Assessed Functional characteristics Fit Comfort Divisions Anthropometric Range of motion Generic dynamics Job-specific dynamics Manual tasks Donning Ergonomic Test Protocol

  4. Experimental Fabrics • 100% cotton needlepunched nonwoven with carbon filler • 100% cotton print cloth treated with epoxy bis-phosphonate monomer, cyanoguanidine and citric acid • Twaron woven fabric with ripstop weave • Nomex III A moisture barrier • Silicone rubber sheeting

  5. Construction Parameters • Flat-pattern methodology • Juki industrial sewing machine • 12 stitches/inch • Cotton wrapped polyester thread • Machine quilting • Needlepunched nonwoven and print cloth • For thermal barrier

  6. Jacket 1 Front Current Jacket Design Back

  7. Jacket 2 Front Current Jacket Design Back

  8. Needlepunched Carbon Filled Nonwoven Fabric Plain Quilted

  9. Cross-Section Sample

  10. Sleeve Prototype Sleeve Jacket/Sleeve Insertion

  11. Conclusions • Lightweight, body-hugging protective clothing can be constructed giving maximum protection to the wearer. • Closure issue addressed for ease of donning and doffing the uniform. • Better mobility due to breathing apparatus being located in an enclosed back pouch. • Radio easily accessed on the jacket sleeve.

  12. Acknowledgements • Dr. William (Bill) Springer, Industrial Engineering, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville • W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc. • Dr. Seshadri Ramkumar, Institute of Environmental and Human Health, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX • Dr. Navzer Sachinvala, SSRC-USDA-ARS, New Orleans, LA

  13. Thank You!!