What do weknowabout POLAND
Polish national cuisine shares some similarities with otherCentral EuropeanandEastern Europeantraditions as well as FrenchandItaliansimilarities. It is rich in meat, especially pork, chicken and beef (depending on the region) and winter vegetables (cabbage in the dishbigos), and spices. Polish cuisine is hearty and uses a lot of cream and eggs. Complementary traditional Polish farmers food in Sanok, Poland.
Various kinds of Polish Kielbasa Traditional Polish smoked cheese Oscypek.
Bigos Most enduring of Polish culinary traditions are the pierogi
Soups Traditional Rosół Żurek
Traditional EasterMazurek Traditional Pączki
Drinks Poland is on the border of European "vodka" and "beer culture". Poles enjoy alcoholic drinks at least as much as other Europeans. Poland is known as the birthplace of vodka, local beer seems to have much more appeal to many Poles. A Polish vodka "Pan Tadeusz"
Polish folk dances Polish folk dances tend to be lively, energetic, and joyful. Hops, twirls, and athletic movements are common. Many dances involve a circle.
PolishSport Poland's sports include almost all sports, in particular: trace&field, basketball, boxing, fencing,football, American football (Gridiron), handball, ice hockey, swimming,volleyball, and weightlifting. *Poland hosted the UEFA Euro 2012 along with Ukraine in 2012. It was the first time Poland has hosted an event of this size. National Stadium in Warsaw, Poland.
Celebrations in Poland January 1 - New Year's Day New Year's Day is celebrated across Poland on January first. Major city centers, like Krakow's Main Market Square, are filled with celebrants waiting for the fireworks display on the night of December 31st.
May 1 - Labor Day or May Day Though it used to be acknowledged with large public displays, May Day in Poland is typically a day of rest.
May 3 - Constitution Day Constitution Day in Poland celebrates the creation and signing of Europe's first codified constitution on May 3, 1791 for the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. It is often marked with parades and other public displays of celebration.
Summer - Corpus Christi Celebrated 60 days after Easter, Corpus Christi is both a national and religious holiday. It is marked by religious processions through towns and villages, prayer, and attendance of church services. Most Corpus Christi processions begin around noon and collect followers along their route. Bystanders can also watch the procession from the sidelines. August 15 - Assumption Day August 15 celebrates the Virgin Mary's assent into heaven. The day is marked by religious observances, including church attendance.
November 1 – All Saints’ Day All Saints' Day commemorates those who have died. People visit cemeteries and place candles on the graves of loved ones and allow them to burn through the night.
December 24 & 25 - Christmas Eve and Christmas Christmas Eve is the most important Christmas holiday in Poland and is called Wigilia. It is marked with a special meal, often made up of 12 meatless dishes, and observance of Christmas Eve traditions. The Christmas tree is typically decorated on this day. A large dinner may also be prepared for Christmas Day. November 11 - Independence Day Independence Day in Poland celebrates the country's assumption of independence in 1918. November 11 has been celebrated as Independence Day in Poland since 1989.
Religion in Poland Most residents ofPolandadhere to theChristian faith, with 87.0%belonging to theRoman Catholic Church. The numerical dominance of the Catholic faith is a recent development in Polish history, resulting from the Nazi-engineered Holocaust of Polish Jews and the flight of German Protestants from the Soviet army and occupation at the end of World War II, as well as from the postwar westward shift of Poland's borders. According to a 2011 survey byIpsos MORI85% of thePolesareChristians, 8% areirreligious,atheistoragnostic, 2% adhere to unspecified other religions, and 5% did not give an answer to the question. Roman Catholic St. Florian's Cathedral, Warsaw
ROMAN POLANSKI Roman Polanski born Rajmund Roman Thierry Polański, 18 August 1933 is a Polish-French film director, producer, writer and actor. Having made films in Poland, the United Kingdom, France and the United States, he is considered one of the few “truly international filmmakers”.
POLANSKI’S MOVIES •The Pianist (2002) •Oliver Twist (2005) •The Ghost (2009) •A Therapy (2012)
Agnieszkaholland Agnieszka Holland was born 28 of November 1948 in Warsaw but went to Czechoslovakia to study film directing at FAMU in Prague. She began her film career working in Poland with Krzysztof Zanussi as assistant director, and Andrzej Wajda as her mentor. She wrote several scripts with Wajda before directing her own films, which were soon winning awards at festivals - [ Cannes (1980), Gdansk, Berlin (1981), Montreal (1985,1987), Golden GlobeAward (1991)]
holland’smOVIES •Europa Europa (1990) •Olivier, Olivier (1992)•The Secret Garden (1993) • Trois couleurs: Bleu (1993)
Andrzejwajda Wajda was born in Suwałki, Poland, the son of Aniela (née Biaxowas), a school teacher, and Jakub Wajda, an army officer.Wajda‘s father was murdered by the Soviets in 1940 in what came to be known as the Katyn massacre. In 1942 he joined the Polish resistance and served in the Armia Krajowa. After the war, he studied to be a painter at Kraków's Academy of Fine Arts before entering the Łódź Film School.
wajda’S MOVIES • The Revenge (Zemsta, 2002) • Katyń (2007) • Sweet Rush (Tatarak) (2009) • Wałęsa (2012)
Magdalena Tul Magdalena Tulwasborn on29 April 1980 inGdańsk.Sheis a Polishsinger and composer. In 2000,she moved from Gdańsk to Warsaw where she started working as a singer and actress for Studio Buffo, a musical theater. She performed there as a lead singer in "Metro". Three years later, she started working with another musical theater, Roma. She performed there in the musicals “MissSaigon", “Grease", “Cats" and "Academy of Mister Kleks".
On 14th February 2011, she was chosen to represent Poland at the Eurovision Song Contest 2011 with her entry, "Jestem“.
Czesław Niemen Czesław Niemenwas born on February 16, 1939 anddied on January 17, 2004. Hewas one of the most important and original Polish singer-songwriters and rock balladeers of the last quarter-century. He made his debut in the early 1960s, singing Polish rock and soul music. He possessed an unusually wide voice range and equally rich intonation. He was also an ardent composer and a keyboard player. In 1964 at Congress Hall, Warsaw, Niemen together with his group played as a support act to Marlene Dietrichin concert.
Marie Curie Marie SkłodowskaCurie was born on 7th November 1867 and died on 4th July 1934.She was a physicist and chemist. She was from Poland but lived in France. She was an expert in the field of radioactivity. She was also the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. She was the first woman professor at the University of Paris as well as the first person to win two Nobel Prizes. She received her Nobel Prize in physics for her research on spontaneous radiation which was discovered by Henri Becquerel.
Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473 in Torun, Poland. Copernicus developed his own celestial model of a heliocentric planetary system. He died on 24th May 1543. He was a Renaissanceastronomerand the first person to formulate a comprehensive heliocentriccosmologywhich displaced the Earth from the center of the universe. N I C O L A U S C O P E R N I C U S
FryderykFranciszek Chopin Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin was born on 1 March or 22 February 1810 .He died on 17 October 1849.He was a Polishcomposer and pianist. He is widely considered one of the greatest Romantic composers. Chopin was born in a village near Warsaw .A renowned child-prodigy pianist and composer, he grew up in Warsaw and completed his music education there; he composed many of his mature works in Warsaw before leaving Poland in 1830 at the age of 20,shortly before the November 1830 Uprising. For most of his life Chopin suffered from poor health; he died in Paris in 1849 at age 39.
LudwigLazarusZamenhof Ludwig Lazarus Zamenhof was born on December 15, 1859 and died on April 14, 1917. He was a Jewish doctor, linguist, and the creator of Esperanto, the most successful constructed language designed for international communication.
WisławaSzymborska-Włodek Wisława Szymborska-Włodek was born on 2 July 1923 and she died on 1 February 2012. She was a Polish poet, translator and recipient of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Literature. She was described as "Mozart of Poetry".Her work has been translated into English and many European languages, as well as into Arabic, Hebrew, Japanese and Chinese.
Joseph Conrad Joseph Conradwas born on 3 December 1857 and he died on 3 August 1924. He was a Polish author who wrote in English after settling in England. He was granted British nationality in 1886, but always considered himself a Pole. Conrad is regarded as one of the greatest novelists in English, although he did not speak the language fluently until he was in his twenties (and always with a marked accent). He wrote stories and novels. He was a master prose stylist, who brought a distinctly non-Englishtragic sensibility into English literature.
POPE JOHN PAUL II • Blessed John Paul II (Latin: Ioannes Paulus PP. II, Italian: Giovanni Paolo II), sometimes called Blessed John Paul or John Paul the Great, born Karol Józef Wojtyła (Polish:18 May 1920, Wadowice, Republic of Poland – 2 April 2005, Vatican City), reigned as Pope of the Catholic Church from 1978 until his death in 2005. He was the second-longest serving Pope in history and the first non-Italian since 1523.
A very charismatic figure, John Paul II was acclaimed as one of the most influential leaders of the 20th century. He was instrumental in ending communism in his native Poland and eventually all of Europe.John Paul II significantly improved the Catholic Church's relations with Judaism, Islam, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the Anglican Communion.
He was one of the most-travelled world leaders in history, visiting 129 countries during his pontificate. As part of his special emphasis on the universal call to holiness, he beatified 1,340 people and canonised 483 saints, more than the combined tally of his predecessors during the preceding five centuries. A key goal of his papacy was to transform and reposition the Catholic Church. His wish was "to place his Church at the heart of a new religious alliance that would bring together Jews, Muslims and Christians in a great [religious] armada".
Polonezkoy, formerly known as Adampol is a Polish village located in Istanbul, TURKEY... It was founded by Adam Czartoryski (Chairman of National Uprising Government and the Leader of a Political Emigration Party) in 1842.
At the beginning , on the 18th of February 1842, there were only 4 inhabitants in the village, in April 1842, 9 more also settled down to the village, and years by years after more emigration population increased to hundreds. The inhabitants also took the Turkish citizenship in 1938. Population of the village was 88 in 1866. Agriculture and stock-breeding was popular at the beginning. Labor for tourism have started from the years of 1920s. There was 47 well built houses with gardens and 165 people in the village in 1920. During these years the non-Muslims settled in Istanbul were in wonder of Polish people's life style and were visiting the village very often. Polonezkoy's reputation spread out to Istanbul very fast with this interest. In 1935, the founder of Turkish Republic, ATATÜRK, visited Polonezkoy as well.
CHERRY FESTIVAL • Polonezkoy maintains the culture, friendship and hospitality between Turkey and Poland for more than 160 years. Traditional "Polonezkoy Cherry Festival" is being organized annually in June with the participation of politicians, local dancers and visitors coming from Poland. • It is a unique event in Istanbul. Parties, cultural organizations, concerts, folk dancing and many activities take place during the festival and especially at weekends many visitors came to the village and have joyful moments. Most activities take place on the 1st & the 2nd weekends of June.
POLONEZKOY CHURCH • “Temple of Holy Anna” was the first small church built by the Saint François Bosnian Priests in 1845-1846. • After that a wooden church was built in 1869-1870 but it was collapsed due to a big earthquake in 1894. • Today's " Częstochowa's Mother Mary Church" was built in 1914.