Circulation /Movement through space Eng. Nagham Ali Hasan 6th lecture-6th week 1st semester 2009- 2010 University of Palestinian Applied engineering & Urban planning Colleague Department of Architecture, Interior Design & Planning Visual Training & Sketching (EAGD2101)
Today’s agenda • The lecture discusses: Circulation /Movement through space: • Circulation Elements: • Approach • Entrance • Configuration of the path • Path – space relationship • Form of the circulation space
Circulation /Movement through space • The path of movement can be conceived as:- • The perceptual that links the spaces of a building, or, • Any series of interior or spaces together. Since: we move in TIME through SEQUENCE Of SPACE
** Circulation Elements : • Approach: the distant view • Entrance: from outside to inside • Configuration of the path: the sequence of space. • Path – space relationship :edge, nodes, termination of the path. • Form of the circulation space: corridors, halls, galleries, stairways, rooms.
Approach: • Frontal: • Leads directly to the entrance along a straight, axial path. • The visual goal terminates the approach clear or it may be the entire front façade or an elaborated entrance with the plane. • Oblique: • Enhance the effect of perspective on front façade & form of a building. • Redicted one or more times to delay & prolong the sequence of the approach. • If the building is approached at extreme angle ,its entrance can project beyond its façade to be more clearly visible • spiral: prolongs the sequence of the approach • emphasizes the 3D form. • Might be viewed intermittently during the approach to clarify its position. • May be hidden until the point arrival.
Entrance • The act of entering: passage through an implied plane established by tow pillars or overhead beam. • Change in level. ** The entrance into the space is best signified by establishing areal or implied plane perpendicular to the path of the approach.
Entrance • Entrance Categories: • Flush Entrance • A projected Entrance • A recessed Entrance
Entrance & Location: • Centered with the frontal plane . • Placed off center . • The notion of an entrance can be visually reinforced by :- • Making the opening lower, winder, or narrower than anticipated, • Deep or circuitous. • Articulating the opening with ornamentation or decorative embellishment.
Configuration of the path • Linear:-Organizing element for a series of space.It can be curvelinear or segmented , intersect other paths have pranches or form a loop. • Radial:-Linear paths extending from at central or common point . • Spiral : Single , conscious path originates from a central point revolved it . • Grid :Consist of two sets of parallel paths interested at regular intervals & create square or rectangular fields of space . • Composite: A combination of the preceding patterns. • Scale –form – length – place center of activity ( NODES). • Entrances to rooms & halls _ vertical elements.
Networks, Nodes and Foci • Different paths will have different functional purposes; • direct access, • others for slower meandering exploration • Networks: • Junction are important • Stopping, Meeting And Waiting Locations. • Path network designs also respond to and integrate with foci (which are often located at nodes).
Path- space relationships • Pass by spaces • Pass by spaces • Terminate in a space:
Form of the circulation space • Form of the circulation space varies according to: • Its boundaries defined. • The form of spaces it links • Qualities of scale, proportion, light ,view which are articulated. • It handles changes in level with stairs & ramps.
Form of the circulation space • Enclosed:link between entrance and spaces. • Open on one side:creates visual & spatial continuity. • Open on both sides:creates physical extension.