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Unit Two. E-mails. Unit Goals: What you should learn to do: Chatting online Using abbreviations and slang in communicating online. Writing an email What you should know about: Surfing online for: information/ shopping 2. Good or bad of chatting online Noun clauses.
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Unit Two E-mails • Unit Goals: • What you should learn to do: • Chatting online • Using abbreviations and slang in communicating online. • Writing an email • What you should know about: • Surfing online for: • information/ shopping • 2. Good or bad of chatting online • Noun clauses
Talking Face to Face Being All Ears Maintaining a Sharp Eye Trying Your Hand
Talking face to face Email information on the Internet Abbreviations are sometimes very useful in communicating online. Now let’ s try to use the abbreviations listed below tp practice two short dialogues. BS BIG SMILE NOYB NONE OF YOUR BUSINESS 4ever FOREVER TTYL TALK TO YOU LATER BFN BYE FOR NOW FTTB FOR THE TIME BEING CWYL CHAT WITH YOU LATER IYSS IF YOU SAY SO LTNS LONG TIME NO SEE
Talking Face to Face Follow the Samples Act Out Put in Use
Sample 1 Talking About Abbreviations Used Online Li: What are you doing tonight? M: Chatting online. Li: Again? M: I really enjoy chatting with friends online. It’s such a good way to communicate with each other. Li: Yes, but I am confused when I come across some abbreviations. I don’t know what they all mean. M: I can tell you some. If someone writes “4ever”, it means “forever”, “BFN” means “bye for now”, “BS” means “big smile”, “FTTB” means “for the time being”, and so on. Li: I see. How interesting! Now I can guess what these abbreviations might mean. M: I know quite a lot of these abbreviations. If you like, I can tell you more. Li: Yes, I will be grateful if you can tell me more. M: “CWYL” means “chat with you later”, “LTNS” means “long time no see”, “IYSS” means “if you say so”, “NOYB” means “None of your business”. Li: Oh, really. I remember I ran once into “TTYL” while chatting with somebody online. Let me have a guess. Does it mean “talk to you later”? M: That’s right. You are really smart.
New Slang Joins Internet Talk Sample 2 L: Anything interesting in the paper today? P: Let me have a look. Well, there is one article about new slang. L: Really! What does it say? P: New slang has been invented in recent years by students, especially as students get access to Internet and chat online. L: What are the details? P: Chinese students often use “Jituo” (寄托) or “GT”, meaning spiritual matter on campus or after graduation. Here “G” implies “GRE” and “T” implies “TOEFL”. L: How interesting. Go on please. P: From Internet influence comes “@ group” or “net worm”,a way to describe Internet addicts. L: That’s quite vivid. P: “Goodbye” is usually put into “886” in the Chinese pronunciation or “3166” as the Japanese Bye-bye. L: I think this sort of slang also shows our attitude toward society and how our lives are influenced by it. P: Absolutely.
Act Out Task One Task Two Task Three This is my card. Task Four Please call me Dick Task Five
Here is a group of short dialogues. Follow the examples to make more conversations with your partner. Task One Task Two A: Chatting online seems like fun. Have you ever tried it？ B: I recently have! A:How do you feel about it? B: I just love it. It’s the most exiting thing I’ve ever done. Task: Discuss with your friend your own experience of surfing(冲浪) the Internet. A: How was your summer holiday? B: It was great. I surfed the Internet a lot. A: The Internet? So you were often online. B: True. I spent all my spare time surfing the Internet. I'm absolutely keen on it. It’s so exciting. Task: Discuss with your friend your own experience of chatting online.
Task Three Task Four A: You really go online a lot, don’t you? Every time I see you, you're in the middle of browsing the Internet. B: Yeah, I really love browsing it. A: I am curious about this. What’s so exciting about it? B: What I love about it is that it’s so relaxing. Without going anywhere at all, you get to enter a completely different world. You can leave your own world behind, and go somewhere else. Task: Discuss with your friend about your experience of going online. A: Hi, Susan! I am reading an email from Tom. B: Are you “Anything exciting”？ A: I don’t know the meaning of “planting strawberries” ? B: Oh, it comes from Taiwan campus, meaning lovers kissing each other. Task: Discuss with your friend some slang words used in your emails.
Task Five A: Hi, Hilary, who are you chatting with？ B: A boy from Hong Kong named “Run”. But I have no idea about the word “GNBLFY” he used. A: Neither do I. Let’s make a guess. B: Mm, let me see. Oh, it might mean “Got nothing but love for you”. Task: Talk with your friend about the meaning of a new slang you’ve come across in your email message.
Put in Use Put in Use Exercise 1 Exercise 2
Exercise 1 1.Imagine you are meeting Mike, a student from England. Complete the following conversation with him by filling out the blanks. You: What are you going to do this evening, Mike” Mike: Chatting online. You: But __________ when I come across some abbreviations. I don’t know _________________. Mike: I ______________. If someone writes “BTW” it means “By the way” “DBEYR” means “Don’t believe everything you read” “NM”means “Never mind” “NP”means “No problem” etc. You: oh, I see.____________! Now I know what these abbreviations mean. Mike: I know a lot of this sort of abbreviations. If you like, I can tell you more. You: Do please.__________________if you can tell me more. Mike: “OT” means “off topic”, “OTHO” means “On the other hand”, “RN”means “right now”, “WB” means “Welcome back”. You: Oh, really. I remember I ______________“WDYT” while chatting with somebody online, let me make a guess,____________“What do you think?” Mike：That’s right. How clever you are. I’m confused What they all mean can tell you come How interesting I will be grateful ran once into Does it mean
Exercise 2 2 Imagine you and Jane from the UK are classmates. You are talking about chatting online. Fill in the blanks according to the Chinese version provided. You: 1 _____________________________________________ (网上聊天似乎很有趣, 你试过吗?) Jane: I recently have! You: 2 _________________________ (你觉得怎么样?) Jane: I just love it. It’s the most exciting thing I’ve ever done. You: 3 _________________________? (真的吗?怎么有趣?) Jane: By chatting with keypals (键友), you can know a lot of new friends. Also, you can learn many funny abbreviations. You: 4 ____________________________? (你能列举一些吗?) Jane: For example, “YTTT”means “You are telling the truth?”, “YNK”means “You never know,” ”YOYO”means “You‘re on your own.” You: 5 ________________________________________. (真有趣! 我应该找时试。） Jane: Yes, you should. Chatting online looks like fun. Have you ever tried it? How do you feel about it ? Oh, really? What’s the fun of it Wow, can you name some of them How interesting! I should find some time to try it
Being All Ears Listen and Read Listen and Decode Listen and Match Listen and Respond
Listen and Decode Listen to Dialogue 1 and decode the message by finding the correct choices in the brackets according to what you hear. Lin Da and John are talking about College 1 (BBS, BBC, SBS), which is an open forum for registered 2 (users, keepers, workers) to freely express their opinions and ideas. This seems to be a good 3 (channel, way, method) of information exchange among Chinese university students. But the newspaper says that there is one problem for BBS 4 (users, keepers, holders). Sometimes arguments and debates online are reduced to 5 (personal, fixed, physical) attacks and meaningless quarrels.
Listen and Respond Listen to the dialogue again and answer the following questions orally. 1 What ’s the article about in the newspaper? 2 What does BBS stand for? It’s about College BBS. It stands for Bulletin Board System. 3 What is BBS good for? It’s a good way for college students to exchange information. 4 What does the newspaper really want to show? It wants to show the problem of personal attacks. 5 What’s the suggestion for that? It is suggested that the users provide real names and more strict watch be carried out over the content of BBS information.
Listen and Read Now listen to something more challenging--- passage with some blanks for you to fill in. The words in the brackets will give you some hints. A glance beforehand at the word list provided below will be of some help to you.
Listen and Read Internet shopping In only a few short years, 1 (what?) __________________, or “e-commerce” has grown rapidly. Today it’s possible to book almost anything online. Books, CDs, cars, hotel rooms, airline tickets, clothing, you name it. Ten years ago, few people could have predicted how popular Internet shopping would become. Amazon.com is probably the world’s 2 (what kind?) _________ Internet retailer. The Seattle-based company began selling books 3 (where?) _________ in 4 (when?) _________, and today it also sells CDs, 5 (what else?) _________, DVDs and gifts. They were also one of the first to 6 (do what?) ____________ unique Internet most popular online 1996 videos make use of capabilities.
Listen and Read Do you have a favorite author? One click of the mouse brings up a list of 7 (what?) ____________ he/she has ever written, and all are available right there 8 (where?) ______________. They’ll even send you an email whenever he or she 9 (does what?) ____________________. Not sure if you’ll Like the CD? You can usually play a 10 (what?) _________ right through your computer to help you decide. Best of all, amazon.com has up to 11 (how many?) ___________ as many books as 12 (what?) _______________. Payment is made by 13 (what?) ____________, then the goods are mailed to your home. Amazon.com has been so successful that the value of 14 (what?) _______________has increased over 100 times 15 (when?) _______________________. every book at the website publishes a new book sample ten times usual bookshops credit card Its business In the past few years
Listen and Match Listen to the passage again and match the information in Column A with the choices in Column B.
Listen and Match Script
Unit Two Passage I Online Growth Continued Related Information Intensive Study Practice
Text-related Information Ways for Internet Connection: There are several ways for Internet connection. One common way is dial-up connection. For dial-up connection, you need a computer, a modem, and a telephone line. ISP is the abbreviation of Internet Service Provider. It provides services for Internet users to get connected with the Internet. Before getting connected with the Internet, an Internet user must apply for an account and a password from an ISP. He or she should also get its dial-up number, the addresses of its domain name and of the mail server. Now you can turn on your computer, start the dial-up program and get connected with the Internet. Then you can use the browser to enjoy the world of Internet. You can also send or receive emails with the help of the emails. People can do a lot of things by browsing Internet, such as sharing information, transacting business and communicating with people across the globe.
Intensive Study Text Difficult Sentences Important Words
Text Online Growth Continued Para. 1In just five years, the World Wide Web has become a powerful new medium for sharing information, conducting business and communicating with people across the room or across the world. Para. 2 Every day, about 55 million Americans log onto the Internet to use email, receive news and information, or conduct business. Para. 3 American Online Inc. (AOI) now claims more than 22 million members, up from 2 million in 1995. And the number of items listed for sale on e-Bay, an auction site, increased greatly from 443 000 in early 1997 to more than 53 million in the first quarter of this year. Para. 4 The online world is increasingly merging with the “real” world, influencing nearly every side of life. 1 2
Text Para. 5 Email allows families and friends around the world to communicate at a low price and more frequently. Para. 6 The Internet’s ability to provide a constant flow of news and information has sped up an already fast pace for most Americans. It also allows them the freedom to shop and conduct other business at their own convenience. Para. 7 These benefits, however, have not come without a price. Wired life has also brought about growing concern regarding privacy and protection of identities online. Para. 8 And as with most innovations, those who have less money and receive less education in American society have had much less access to the Web and its respective benefits, creating what some call a “digital divide”. 3 4 5
Text Para. 9 In spite of these issues, the rate of online growth does not appear to be slowing down at any time soon. Para. 10 What’s fueling the online rush? Para. 11 Jonathan Palmer, an Internet expert from the University of Maryland, said America Online Inc. has been a large factor in Internet growth. Para. 12 The company’s “ability to bring together access, content and selling in a fairly user-friendly package has certainly sped up growth,” Palmer said. Para. 13 Another factor is that links to the Internet are steadily improving, with broadband links such as digital subscriber lines (DSL) and cable modems providing speeds unimaginable in the past. Para. 14 This new technology, originally used by offices and larger organizations, is rapidly becoming more available to US customers (顾客) in their own homes. 6
Difficult Sentences 1. In just five years, the World Wide Web has become a powerful new medium for sharing information, conducting business and communicating with people across the room or across the World. ( Para. 1) Analysis: In just five years implies in the five years just past, and the main verb of the sentence usually takes present perfect tense. Across the room and across the world are given here to indicate the wide range of use of the Internet. Translation: 在仅仅5年的时间里，全球范围网已经成为一种新媒体，使人们能够从小到房间内大到全球范围分享信息、处理业务并相互流。 Example: In just ten years, the video phone has become a powerful medium for sharing information and communicating with people.
Difficult Sentences 2. And the number of items listed for sale on e-Bay, an auction site, increased greatly from 443 000 in early 1997 to more than 53 million in the first quarter of this year. (Para. 3) Analysis: The S-V structure of the sentence is the number ... increased, with listed for sale on e-Bay being the post-modifier of the number of items and an auction site as the apposition of e-Bay. Translation: 在电子港湾（一个拍卖网址）上所列出拍卖的物品数量从1997年初的44万项猛增到今年第一个季度的5 300万项。 Example: The number of items listed for sale on Amazon.com, an Internet shopping site, soared from 333 000 in early 1996 to over 40 million this year.
Difficult Sentences 3. These benefits, however, have not come without a price. (Para. 7) Analysis: Here not...without is a double negative structure. Translation:然而，因特网给人们带来的这些好处也让人们付出了代价。 Example: Thank you so much for your help --- I couldn’t have done it without you. 4. Wired life has also brought about growing concern about privacy and protection of identities online. (Para. 7) Analysis:Regarding means about. Translation: 在线生活也使人们越来越关注网上隐私和身份保护。 Example: The company is being questioned regarding its employment policy.
Difficult Sentences 5. And as with most innovations, those who have less money and receive less education in American society have had much less access to the Web and its respective benefits, creating what some call a “digital divide.”(Para. 8) Analysis: As with means in the same way as; have access to means have the possibility of approaching, have the right to use or look at; creating is used as an accompanying adverbial; what some call... is an object clause. Translation:而且像大多数新事物一样,美国社会中那些不太富有和教育水平不高的人上网并分享其各种好处的机会要少得多, 从而创造了有些人所说的“数字分界”。 Example: As with his early movies, the special effects in his latest film are brilliant. The tax inspector had complete access to the company files.
Difficult Sentences 6. Another factor is that links to the Internet are steadily improving, with broadband links such as digital subscriber lines (DSL) and cable modems providing speeds unimaginable in the past. (Para. 13) Analysis:With ... links providing speed... is the S-V participle clause introduced by with---the actual logical subject is broadband connections and the predicate providing; Unimaginable is the post-modifier of speeds. Translation: 另外的一个因素是与因特网的连接正在逐步改善, 利用像数字订户线路以及电缆调制解调器等宽带连接提供了以前难以想象的高速度。 Example: The day was bright, with a fresh breeze blowing. Using computer graphics, you can create anything unimaginable.
Important Words share v. divide and distribute 分享，公用 FOR EXAMPLE: The four students share one bedroom in the dorm. The kitchen is shared by the two. He hated to share the computer with another student. conduct v. handle, undertake, transact, guide实施，处理，进行，引导，传导 FOR EXAMPLE: We are conducting a survey to find out what our customers think of their local bus service. The experiments were conducted by scientists in New York. May I conduct you to your table, Sir, or would you prefer to have a drink at the bar first?
list v. write down a number of names, items, things, etc. 列出单子 FOR EXAMPLE: The professor listed all the books for us to read during the winter vacation. My mother always lists the things she needs to buy before going to the market. I have to list all the students’ names on my notebook. merge v. (of business companies) cause to become one 合并, 并入, 结合, 吞没, 融合 FOR EXAMPLE: They decided to merge the two companies into one. The country’s two biggest banks are planning to merge in order to fight off competition for abroad.
constant a. going on all the time, frequently 不变的, 持续的, 坚决的 FOR EXAMPLE: We kept a fairly constant speed during all the race. The fridge keeps food at a constant temperature. I’ve had this constant headache ever since I woke up this morning. He’s in constant trouble with the police. speed up v. increase the rate of motion 加速 FOR EXAMPLE: We have succeeded in speeding up our production rates in the last few months. This drug may have the effect of speeding up your heart rate. The economy shows signs of speeding up.
respective a. belonging to each of those in question 分别的, 各自的 FOR EXAMPLE: When the meeting had finished, they returned to their respective homes. The work was assigned to them according to their respective abilities. rate n. the speed at which something happens or is done 速度 FOR EXAMPLE: Individual children develop physically and emotionally at different rates. The amount of light available will determine the plant’s rate of growth.
fuel v. supply with material for producing heat or energy 加燃料,加油，增加，加速 FOR EXAMPLE: Our heating system is fuelled by gas. The prime minister’s speech fuelled speculation that she is about to resign. The rapid promotion of the director’son has itself fuelled resentment within the company.
practice Read and Think 1. Answer the following questions according to the passage. 1. What can the World Wide Web do as a powerful medium? It can share information, conduct business and communicate with people. 2. How many Americans log onto the Internet every day according to the passage? About 55 million Americans. 3. What is the e-Bay? It is an auction site. 4. What are the advantages of e-mail? It allows families and friends to communicate at a low price and more frequently.
Read and Complete 4. Fill in the blanks with the proper words and expressions given below, changing the form if necessary. speed up conduct make it clear respective slow down innovation constant merge 1. The sale was __________ in the greatest privacy. 2. Rise in consumer goods sales has the effect of _______________ the economy. 3. They decided to __________ the two small companies into one. 4. Too many rules tend to slow down the __________. 5. They made __________ use of computer programs in designing the project. 6. The company ____________ that it is not responsible for the pollution in the river. 7. Neil came down from Sydney for the meeting and Lisa flew from Perth, and when the meeting was over, they returned to their __________ homes. 8. __________ --- I can’t follow you when you speak so fast! conducted speeding up merge innovation constant makes it clear respective Slow down
Read and Translate 5. Translate the following sentences into English. 1他们通过舞蹈手段讲述了那个故事。(the medium of dance) They told the story through the medium of dance. 2. 气温将在周末急剧上升到80℉左右。(increase greatly) The temperature will increase greatly into the eighties Fahrenheit over the weekend. 3.我们在过去的几个月里已经成功地加速了生产率。(speed up) We have succeeded in speeding up the production rate in the last few months. 4. 货款一付, 货物就会在你方便的时候运到。(at one’s convenience) Once the payment has been made, the goods will be delivered at your convenience.
Read and Translate 5 Translate the following sentences into English. 5 他们可以全面查阅公司的档案。(have access to) They have complete access to the company’s files. 6 原先这只是一间卧室，但是现在我们把它改成了书房。(originally) Originally it was a bedroom, but we have turned it into a study now.
Read and Simulate 6 Pay attention to the italicized parts in the English Sentences and translate the Chinese sentences by simulating the structure of the English sentences. 1 In just five years, the World Wide Web has become a powerful new medium for sharing information across the world. In just four years, Mary has become the famous actress both at home and abroad. 仅6年时间，电子邮件就成了最常见的通讯方式。 仅仅几年的时间内，汽车就将成为许多家庭的必备品。 In just six years, email has become the most popular means for communication. In just a few years, cars will become the necessity of many families.
Read and Simulate 2The online world is increasingly merging with the “ real” world, influencing nearly every side of life. Chemical weapons were increasingly developed, showing the destructive side of technological change. 辩论变得越来越激烈，几乎成为个人攻击。 越来越明显，这个城市的空气污染正变得越来越严重。 This argument became increasingly bitter, almost becoming personal attacks. It has been made increasingly clear that the air pollution in this city is becoming more and more serious. 3 As with most innovations, those who have less money and receive less education in American society have had much less access to the Web. As with his earlier movies, the special effects in his latest film are brilliant and unique. 同我们以前的计划一样，我们将把这一计划进行到底。 同航班时刻表一样，班车时刻表也很严格。 As with the previous plan, we’ll carry this one through to the end. As with the flight schedules, the bus schedules are also strictly followed.
Read and Simulate 4 In spite of these issues, the rate of online growth does not appear to be slowing down at any time soon. In spite of the cold wind, they went out without their coats. 尽管反复保证产品是安全的，近期销售额还是没有增加的迹象。 尽管搜寻组努力寻找，还是没有希望很快找到丢失的孩子。 In spite of repeated assurances that the product is safe, the sales do not appear to be increasing at any time soon. In spite of the efforts by the search party, there was no hope of finding the missing boy soon. 5 Another factor is that links to the Internet are steadily improving, with broadband links providing speeds unimaginable in the past. Another factor is that there is a steady increase in the number of Internet users, with personal computers available at much lower prices. 另外一个因素是，由于网络技术提供了技术可能性, 住在农村的孩子可以得到更好的教育。 另外一个因素是，由于英语水平的提高, 年轻人就业的机会增加了。 Another factor is that children living in the countryside can get a better education, with the web technology providing new technical possibilities. Another factor is that there are more opportunities for young people to find a job.
Trying Your Hand Read and Simulate Applied Writing Simulate and Create Write Through Apply Grammar Rules Sentence Writing Write Through Through Correct Mistakes
Read and Simulate Sample 1 1 Read the following two samples of emails and learn to write your own. From: firstname.lastname@example.org Date: 2002/2/4 14:36 To: email@example.com Subject: Caihong has picked up your Yahoo! Greeting The Yahoo! Greeting that you sent to Caihong (firstname.lastname@example.org) on October 03, 2002 has been picked up! If you’d like to send another greeting, you can do so at http://greetings.yahoo.com. You can view the greeting that you sent to Caihong at http://view.greetings.yahoo.com/greet/view Thanks for using Yahoo! Greetings! The Yahoo! Greetings Team
Read and Simulate Sample 2 From: Mail Administrator Date: 2002/11/4 14:36 To: email@example.com Subject: Mail System Error “Returned Mail Attachment: Mail System Error “Returned Mail”30.1 KB) This message was undeliverable due to the following reason: The user’s account is temporarily over quota (份额). <firstname.lastname@example.org> Please reply to Postmaster@163bj.com if you feel this message to be in error.
Simulate and Create 2 Translate the following email into Chinese, using the Data Bank in the Workbook for reference. From: email@example.com Date: 2007/11/1 14:36 To: firstname.lastname@example.org Subject: Wu Jing has picked up your Hotmail! Greeting The Hotmail! Greeting that you sent to Wu Jing (email@example.com)on October 29, 2007 has been picked up! If you’d like to send another greeting, you can do so at http://greetings.hotmial.com. You can view the greeting that you sent to Wujing at http://view.greetings.yahoo.com/greet/view. Thanks for using Hotmail! Greetings! The Hotmail! Greetings Team
Simulate and Create Reference 2 Translate the following email into Chinese, using the Data Bank in the Workbook for reference. 发件人：firstname.lastname@example.org 日 期：2007年11月1日14:36 收件人：email@example.com 主 题：武晶已经收到你的来自hotmail祝福！ 你于2002年10月29日寄给武晶(firstname.lastname@example.org)的问候卡已经收到。 如够你希望发出你的问候，你可以访问http://greetings.hotmial.com/ 你可以在http://view.greetings.yahoo.com/greet/view 看到你发给武晶的问候。 感谢你使用Hotmail! 问候！ Hotmail! 问候团