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Chapter 1. Plumber’s Toolbox. Objectives. After completing this chapter, the student should be able to: identify and describe the hand tools the plumber commonly uses. use hand tools in a safe and appropriate manner. Plumbing Tools. Plumbing tools fall under one of two categories:
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Chapter 1 Plumber’s Toolbox
Objectives • After completing this chapter, the student should be able to: • identify and describe the hand tools the plumber commonly uses. • use hand tools in a safe and appropriate manner.
Plumbing Tools • Plumbing tools fall under one of two categories: • Hand tools • Power tools
Hand Tools • Manually operated. • Not as expensive as power tools. • Equally important in completing a task or project. • Most employers expect a plumber to have basic hand tools when being considered for employment.
Levels • A level is one of the most important tools in a plumber’s toolbox. • A level has tubes partially filled with colored liquid leaving a trapped air bubble. • Some levels have a dimensional feature that can be used for measuring distances.
Tape Measures • There are numerous makes and models of tape measures. • They vary in blade width and length. • The retractable type with a pocket clip is the most common.
Squares • The framing square is a tool for laying out angles. • It has two edges that form a 90 angle.
Screwdrivers • Screwdrivers are available in many lengths and shank diameters. • Phillips and slotted head types are two used by plumbers.
Pliers • Pliers are available in various styles. • The most common type has angled and grooved jaws. • Most pliers used in the plumbing trade have cushion grip handles.
Adjustable Wrenches • Adjustable wrenches are available in various sizes. • Some have a cushioned grip. • Their jaw opening is adjustable and smooth.
Pipe Wrenches • Pipe wrenches have grooved jaws designed to provide grip for working with metal piping systems. • The two most common sizes are 18” and 24”. • All pipe wrenches have an adjustment range for various pipe or fitting sizes.
Hammers • Numerous hammer types are available with different heads, claws, and weights. • For a plumber, the type of claw is the most important factor regarding the selection of a hammer.
Plastic Pipe Saw • Can be used to cut both ABS and PVC pipe. • Available in short and long blade styles. • Their cutting teeth are closer together than a wood-cutting saw and farther apart than a metal-cutting saw.
Plastic Pipe Cutter • Various designs available. • Range in pricing and size.
Metal-Cutting Saw • This versatile tool is designed to cut through metal. • Numerous blade types are available with various numbers of teeth per inch.
Wallboard Saws • Two types commonly used are the compass saw and the wallboard saw. • A compass saw is designed to cut circular holes, but is capable of making square cuts • The wallboard saw is shorter and more rigid than the compass saw
Aviation Snips • The most common are offered in three different styles that cut in three different directions – straight, left, and right. • Their cushioned grip handles are color-coded, indicating their direction of cut.
Knives • Commonly used for cutting wallboard, boxes, or tape
Chisels • Wood chisels are typically used for notching and splitting pieces of wood boards. • Chisels used for chipping concrete have a blunter cutting edge than wood chisels and are called cold chisels.
Basin Wrench • Has a spring-loaded swivel head. • Used to install and remove securing nuts of a faucet and water supply connections in confined spaces.
Basket Strainer Tools • Strainer forks are used for strainers and tub drains. • An internal wrench is a multi-purpose tool that allows an installer to tighten or remove parts to a plumbing fixture. • The internal wrench has a range from 1” to 2” internal use.
Copper Pipe Cutters (Tubing Cutters) • Copper cutters use metal rollers and a cutting wheel to rotate around the pipe as a manual handle is turned clockwise to advance the cutting wheel through the pipe.
Copper Flaring Tool • A flaring tool flares the end of soft copper tubing, creating a 45-degree angle to mate with a compatible brass flared fitting.
Copper Tubing Bender • A copper tubing bender is used to create bends in copper tube. • It is useful for tight spaces and for achieving a professional appearance.
Torch Regulator Assembly • A typical torch assembly consists of: • A regulator that controls the amount of flammable gas to be ignited • A torch-tip with an orifice specifically designed for the type of gas and the specific torch assembly
Flexible Pipe Crimping Tool • Offered in several sizes. • Most commonly used are for 1/2” and 3/4” pipe. • A dual-size tool and a compact version for 1/2” and 3/4” pipe sizes available. • Requires calibration to ensure an adequate crimp is achieved. • A crimp gauge is sold with each tool.