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Chapter 1

Chapter 1. Plumber’s Toolbox. Objectives. After completing this chapter, the student should be able to: identify and describe the hand tools the plumber commonly uses. use hand tools in a safe and appropriate manner. Plumbing Tools. Plumbing tools fall under one of two categories:

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Chapter 1

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  1. Chapter 1 Plumber’s Toolbox

  2. Objectives • After completing this chapter, the student should be able to: • identify and describe the hand tools the plumber commonly uses. • use hand tools in a safe and appropriate manner.

  3. Plumbing Tools • Plumbing tools fall under one of two categories: • Hand tools • Power tools

  4. Hand Tools • Manually operated. • Not as expensive as power tools. • Equally important in completing a task or project. • Most employers expect a plumber to have basic hand tools when being considered for employment.

  5. New Residential PlumbersTool List

  6. New Residential Plumbers Tool List(Varies Based on Employer)

  7. Levels • A level is one of the most important tools in a plumber’s toolbox. • A level has tubes partially filled with colored liquid leaving a trapped air bubble. • Some levels have a dimensional feature that can be used for measuring distances.

  8. Levels

  9. Tape Measures • There are numerous makes and models of tape measures. • They vary in blade width and length. • The retractable type with a pocket clip is the most common.

  10. Tape Measures

  11. Squares • The framing square is a tool for laying out angles. • It has two edges that form a 90 angle.

  12. Squares

  13. Screwdrivers • Screwdrivers are available in many lengths and shank diameters. • Phillips and slotted head types are two used by plumbers.

  14. Screwdrivers

  15. Pliers • Pliers are available in various styles. • The most common type has angled and grooved jaws. • Most pliers used in the plumbing trade have cushion grip handles.

  16. Pliers

  17. Adjustable Wrenches • Adjustable wrenches are available in various sizes. • Some have a cushioned grip. • Their jaw opening is adjustable and smooth.

  18. Adjustable Wrenches

  19. Pipe Wrenches • Pipe wrenches have grooved jaws designed to provide grip for working with metal piping systems. • The two most common sizes are 18” and 24”. • All pipe wrenches have an adjustment range for various pipe or fitting sizes.

  20. Pipe Wrenches

  21. Hammers • Numerous hammer types are available with different heads, claws, and weights. • For a plumber, the type of claw is the most important factor regarding the selection of a hammer.

  22. Hammers

  23. Plastic Pipe Saw • Can be used to cut both ABS and PVC pipe. • Available in short and long blade styles. • Their cutting teeth are closer together than a wood-cutting saw and farther apart than a metal-cutting saw.

  24. Plastic Pipe Saw

  25. Plastic Pipe Cutter • Various designs available. • Range in pricing and size.

  26. Plastic Pipe Cutter

  27. Metal-Cutting Saw • This versatile tool is designed to cut through metal. • Numerous blade types are available with various numbers of teeth per inch.

  28. Metal-Cutting Saw

  29. Wallboard Saws • Two types commonly used are the compass saw and the wallboard saw. • A compass saw is designed to cut circular holes, but is capable of making square cuts • The wallboard saw is shorter and more rigid than the compass saw

  30. Wallboard Saws

  31. Aviation Snips • The most common are offered in three different styles that cut in three different directions – straight, left, and right. • Their cushioned grip handles are color-coded, indicating their direction of cut.

  32. Aviation Snips

  33. Knives • Commonly used for cutting wallboard, boxes, or tape

  34. Knives

  35. Chisels • Wood chisels are typically used for notching and splitting pieces of wood boards. • Chisels used for chipping concrete have a blunter cutting edge than wood chisels and are called cold chisels.

  36. Chisels

  37. Basin Wrench • Has a spring-loaded swivel head. • Used to install and remove securing nuts of a faucet and water supply connections in confined spaces.

  38. Basin Wrench

  39. Basket Strainer Tools • Strainer forks are used for strainers and tub drains. • An internal wrench is a multi-purpose tool that allows an installer to tighten or remove parts to a plumbing fixture. • The internal wrench has a range from 1” to 2” internal use.

  40. Basket Strainer Tools

  41. Copper Pipe Cutters (Tubing Cutters) • Copper cutters use metal rollers and a cutting wheel to rotate around the pipe as a manual handle is turned clockwise to advance the cutting wheel through the pipe.

  42. Copper Pipe Cutters (Tubing Cutters)

  43. Copper Flaring Tool • A flaring tool flares the end of soft copper tubing, creating a 45-degree angle to mate with a compatible brass flared fitting.

  44. Copper Flaring Tool

  45. Copper Tubing Bender • A copper tubing bender is used to create bends in copper tube. • It is useful for tight spaces and for achieving a professional appearance.

  46. Copper Tubing Bender

  47. Torch Regulator Assembly • A typical torch assembly consists of: • A regulator that controls the amount of flammable gas to be ignited • A torch-tip with an orifice specifically designed for the type of gas and the specific torch assembly

  48. Torch Regulator Assembly

  49. Flexible Pipe Crimping Tool • Offered in several sizes. • Most commonly used are for 1/2” and 3/4” pipe. • A dual-size tool and a compact version for 1/2” and 3/4” pipe sizes available. • Requires calibration to ensure an adequate crimp is achieved. • A crimp gauge is sold with each tool.

  50. Flexible Pipe Crimping Tool

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