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Challenges in the Commercial Adoption of Grid Computing Technologies

Challenges in the Commercial Adoption of Grid Computing Technologies

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Challenges in the Commercial Adoption of Grid Computing Technologies

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  1. Challenges in the Commercial Adoption of Grid Computing Technologies Ian Osborne Project Director Intellect, London +44 20 7331 2054 +44 7793 258219

  2. Agenda • Grid Computing Now! Project Overview • Progress to date • Our pitch • The “Playing Field” • Plans • Is the game changing? • Summary

  3. About Grid Computing Now! • A Knowledge Transfer Network project funded by the DTI Technology Programme aimed at transferring knowledge about Grid Computing Technologies to Public and Private Sector Users in the UK. • Partnership between Intellect, the UK Hi-Tech Trade Association; National e-Science Centre, a world leader in Grid Computing research; and CNR Ltd, a consultancy focused on SME organisations and business intermediaries. • Substantial number of industrial, business user and academic partners

  4. Grid Computing Now! Objectives • Establish wide understanding of the potential of Grid Computing particularly among the IT user community • Accelerate the recognition of requirements and issues for Grid Computing • Prepare the UK ICT industry, users and government for Grid Computing • Follow through the e-Science Core Programme vision • The KTN will engage: IT and business leaders, policy makers in central government, regional government, regional development agencies and the devolved administrations, specialist grid suppliers, service providers and e-Science experts.

  5. Website Background Information Industry News/Events User Case Studies Events programme Technical Overviews Multiple vendor perspectives Featured Case Studies Sector Agenda Healthcare; Government; Telecoms; Services; etc.. User Community Network with peers Find useful contacts Contribute experience Some Key Facts: 3 yr, £1M/$1.8M Funding Leading suppliers engaged Website live August 2005 >500 network members 80% Business #27 Google “Grid Computing” 600 unique visits/month 90% Returning members Average visit duration >5mins 14 Case Studies 6 Invited Industry Talks >20 Target Media Articles Grid Computing Now! Progress to date…

  6. What is Grid Computing and the capabilities it holds for business? Grid computing harnesses the massive processing power made possible by distributed computing and applies it to business problems. It does this through virtualising computers, storage and networking resources such that a grid appears as one large computer. A grid computing infrastructure is capable of managing large peaks of work; managing large amounts of processing and automatically adjusting capacity to meet workload. When this infrastructure is combined with business systems that allow users to describe their processes, substantial benefits can be obtained. What benefits does Grid Computing bring to users? Improved Return on Assets Increased Scalability Business Flexibility & Agility Managing IT Complexity Why Grid Computing?

  7. Business Processes Payroll Email Retail Manuf. ERP CRM Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security Servers Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security Database Trans. proc. Web host. File/print Storage But today’s data center IT architecture can’t deliver a service effectively

  8. Business Monitoring, Analysis & Decision-Making Business Processes Business Processes Payroll Email Retail Manf. ERP CRM Security Management Service Level & Resource Management Interface & Access Business Rules & Functionality Servers Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security Collaboration/Messaging Packaged Apps –ERP CRM HR Custom Apps, Business Rules In-house, 3rd party compo- nents Infrastructure/Mgmt./Security Integration, Event & Deployment Federated Data & Information Database Trans. proc. Web host. File/print Storage Virtualized Infrastructure Virtualized Storage Virtualized Processing Establishing Business Process Management B P M S O A S O I

  9. IT Leadership’s Top Issues • Service Continuity • Security • Compliance • More with less • Power and Cooling • Aligning IT with Business • Critical Skills • Supplier Management • Outsourcing, off-shoring and on-shoring • IT on the Board • Technical Strategy

  10. Implementation Challenges • Overcoming the Market Confusion! • It’s not just hype! • Different Business Drivers • Where is the ROI? • Who’s server is it anyway? • System planning • Network, storage, processors • Middleware or application server? • In house, outsource or vendor? • Migration strategy • Legacy encapsulation or replacement? • Cost model • Accounting • License management

  11. Strategy: Engage & Influence IT leadership in Sectors with potential Identify more success stories! Seize initiative on critical issues Capitalise on collaborative R&D progress Generate media attention Energize community of Grid enthusiasts, experts Sector Agenda Pilot Projects: Government Infrastructure Healthcare Transport Leverage Collaborative Projects Technical Events Webinars Face to face Showcase events Media Case Studies Competition Industry platforms Grid Computing Now! Plans …

  12. Capacity dynamically sourced Virtualization and Provisioning Consolidation / Standardization Remove waste, Reclaim Capacity, Manage Demand Starting The IT Transformation HIGH Grid Service-oriented architectures Service-oriented Infrastructures Transformation Asset Optimization Management as a discipline LOW Today 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

  13. BPEL Workflows receive receive receive getSSN getSSN getSSN SCOPE SCOPE SCOPE getRating getRating getRating FLOW FLOW FLOW invoke invoke invoke invoke invoke invoke receive receive receive receive receive receive select select select review review review Oracle & non-Oracle based Legacy Applications end end end Composite Applications Workflows Orchestration Business Rules Business logic Transformation Data access Business Hub Integration Platform Reusable service components SOA Vision Channels Oracle Applications

  14. Software Licensing • It used to be simple! • One computer, one license • scaled by processor or number of users • Not any longer … • Virtual stacks, moving around • Multi-core processors • Potential for on-demand, utility style dynamic capacity • What’s the situation?

  15. Related stories Software rental firm targets SMBs (23 August 2006)IBM prepares to make per processor software pricing proprietary (27 July 2006)Open Source for the Enterprise (8 January 2006)Oracle begins Phase IV of per processor pricing offensive (20 December 2005)Microsoft to shelve per processor prices for users willing to get virtual (11 October 2005)BEA gives up on dual-core pricing confusion (23 August 2005)VMware greets new dual-core chips with old world licensing (18 July 2005)Oracle processor core pricing a comedy of fractions (15 July 2005) Per processor/core used by some e.g. Oracle IBM Power Value Units, scaled by processor power Per “socket” used by others Multiple concurrent use per “system” agreed by MS (*4) Site licensing a work around Software as a Service (SAAS) looms into view, e.g. Linux/Opensource, an alternative But, surely, metering and usage accounting would be best? E.g. IBM purchase of CIMS Marketplace confusion Some clarity of thought is required here, led by the Users and their needs!

  16. Service Oriented Architecture Web Services Virtual Computing Infrastructure Consolidation IT Architecture Trends Flexibility Range of solutions Resource Sharing

  17. The Internet, Web & Open Standards are a new wave Today’s world Service Oriented Enterprise Business scenarios definedwithin applications Event Driven Business Scenario Assembly of Services Services Applications • Extraction of business scenarios and processes from application landscape • Clear focus on defined services, which are reusable through an assebly of services • Internal and external users get better access to data in different systems • Processes and business scenarios “hard-wired” within applications • Hard to make business connections necessary to change and improve processes • IT’s speed of change is limiting factor on business speed of change

  18. Understanding the Hubs and Spokes • Enterprise Operations: The “Hub” of critical corporate data management and maintenance for CxO level use, auditors, etc… • Enterprise Procedures: The “spokes” serve as vehicles for delivering data across the company, typically already exist via current ERP systems • Operational Departments: The “rim” sees many new department specific processes defined by day-to-day activities • Departmental Process: Essential to individual departments, they provide more value to business owners than to the Enterprise • Inter-Enterprise Procedures / Ad Hoc Interactions: Additional processes developed to manage daily interactions/ requirements Rethinking the role of IT in your enterprise 1 Enterprise Operations (“Enterprise Hub”) 4 Departmental Process Ad Hoc Interactions 2 Enterprise Procedure (“Spokes”) 5 3 5 Operational Departments (“The Rims”) Inter- Enterprise Procedure

  19. The World is Changing Fast … • Software as a Service • • Microsoft • Software Vendors • Service Hosting • Google, Microsoft, Amazon • Outsourcing • SWITCH

  20. Summary • The adoption of Grid Computing Technologies is progressing: • Virtualisation • Service Oriented Architecture • Web Services • The bandwidth of the IT Director for new technology is limited by: • Operational pressures • Budget limits/Legacy Infrastructure • Limited Skills and Capacity • Change Management issues • There are some challenges … • but is it possible that a Web-centric Services model might replace all?

  21. John Barr, Intel Paul Butler, IBM John Easton, IBM William Fellows, The 451 Group Mark Linesch, HP/GGF Andy Mulholland, Capgemini Dave Pearson, Oracle Vernon Turner, IDC DTI Innovation Group Intellect National eScience Centre UK eScience Community Grid Computing Now! Team Dave Berry Gillian Law Shaheed Mohammed, Tradermedia Mark Simpson, Griffiths-Waite Acknowledgements

  22. Thank You! Ian Osborne Intellect